OUTLINE• Introduction• What is procedure text• Example of procedure text• What is report text• Example of report text• Group practice• Individual practice
PROCEDURE TEXTSocial purpose : to describe how to make somethingGeneric structure :– Goal– Material– StepsLexicogramatical Features:– Focus on generalized human agents– Use of simple present tense, it is often imperative– Use mainly of temporal conjunctions or numbering to indicate sequence– Use mainly material processes
How to make a cup of tea• Materials: - hot water - tea - sugar - glass/cup• Steps: 1. First, prepare all the materials 2. Then, boil the water 3. Third, put the tea and sugar into the glass 4. Next, pour hot water into the glass 5. Then, stir the sugar, tea, and hot water at once until the sugar dissolves and the water becomes hard brown 6. Finally, the tea is ready to serve
REPORT TEXTSocial purpose: to describe the way things arewith reference to a range of natural, man-madeand social phenomena in our environment.Generic Structure :– General classification– DescriptionLexicogramatical Features:– Focus on generic participants– Use of relational processes to state what is that and which it is– Use of simple present tense– No temporal sequences
SEA-HORSEGeneral classification Many people imagine the sea-horse to be real horse living in the sea. This is not true at all. The sea-horse is so called because it is a tiny creature with a horse – liked head which lives in the sea. Sea – horse are found mostly in warm seas.
Description They have a long, flexible tail which is used for wrapping around weeds for support. The male sea – horse lays her eggs in this pouch. One the female sea – horse has laid her eggs in the male creature’s pouch, she leaves. The hatching of the egg is done by the male fish. Mating begins with the male and the female sea – horses doing courtship dance. The male and female creatures swim around each other in circles.
EXERCISE 2 Pronounce the following word! WORD MEANING WORD MEANING MIX CAMPUR SQUEEZE PERAS BEAT ADUK DELICACIES MAKANAN LEZAT POUR TUANG DEMONSTRATE MEMPERTUNJUKAN CREAM KRIM DELICIOUS LEZAT
Exercise 3 Listen to the audio, then write down what you can hear After Listening, construct your work with other group members. Make your group work as similar as the audio file.
EXERCISE 4Listen carefully, and fill in the blank! ELEPHANT An elephant is the largest and strongest of all animals. It is a strange looking animal which it has thick legs, huge sides and backs, large hanging ears, a small tail, little eyes, long white tusks and above all, elephant has a long nose, the trunk. An elephant is commonly seen in a zoo, it has hard found in it natural habitat
The trunk is the elephants peculiarfeature. This trunk has various usages. Theelephant draws up water by its trunk and cansquirt the water all over its body like a showerbath. The elephants trunk also lift leaves andput them into its mouth. In fact, the trunkserves the elephant as long arm and hand. Anelephant looks very clumsy and heavy and yetan elephant can move very quickly.
The elephant is very intelligent animal. Itsintelligence combined with its great strengthmakes an elephant a very useful servant toman. Elephant can be trained to serve invarious ways such as carry heavy loads, huntfor tigers and even fight. An elephant is reallya smart animal.
Pronounce the following word! WORDS STRONGEST FEATURE THICK VARIOUS HUGE MOUTH TUSK CLUMSY NOSE QUICK TRUNK INTELLIGENT TAIL SERVE NATURAL FIGHT PECULIAR SMART
EXERCISE 5 Based on the previous text, answer the following question!1. What is the text about?2. Mention 4 characteristics of elephant!3. Retell the text with your own word!