WHAT IS HEALTH BEHAVIOR? Those behaviors that impact a person’s health.
WHAT IS HEALTH EDUCATION? Process of educating people about health Any combination of planned learning experiences based on sound theories that provide individuals, groups, and communities the opportunity to acquire skills and information needed to make quality health decisions.
OR… Any combination of learning experiences designed to facilitate voluntary actions conducive to health.
WHAT IS HEALTH PROMOTION? Related by not the same as health education Broader term
HEALTH PROMOTION IS… Any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory, or organizational mechanism that support actions and conditions of living conducive to the health of individuals, groups, or communities.
IT IS ALSO… The combination of educational and ecological supports for actions and conditions of living conducive to health
HEALTH EDUCATORS Professionally prepared Serves in a variety of roles Specifically trained to utilize appropriate educational strategies and methods to facilitate the development of policies, procedures, interventions, and systems conducive to the health of individuals, groups, and communities
HEALTH EDUCATORS THEN & NOW Mid-1800s: school hygiene education Early 1900s: public health arena, journalists, writers, social workers, visiting nurses Late 1900s: clinicians unable to provide needed health education – heavy workload, lack of formal training in educating others, lack of time, need for educational at all levels of prevention
7 MAJOR AREAS OFRESPONSIBILITY Assessing Planning Implementing Evaluating Coordinating Acting Communicating
THE FRAMEWORK Provided a guide for institutes of higher education to use in design and revision of health education curricula Used by National Commission for Health Education credentialing to develop core criteria for CHES Utilized by program accrediting and approval bodies to review IHE academic programs in health education
ASSUMPTIONS OF HEALTH health status can be changed health and disease are determined by dynamic interactions among biological, psychological. Behavioral, and social factors disease occurrence theories can be understood appropriate prevention strategies can be developed to deal with the identified health problems behavior can be changed and those changes can influence health
ASSUMPTIONS CONTINUED individual behavior, family interactions, community and workplace relationships and resources and public policy all contribute to health and influence behavior change initiating and maintaining a behavior change is difficult individual responsibility should not be viewed as victim blaming for health behavior change to be permanent, an individual must be motivated and ready to change
MAKING THE CONNECTION program participants voluntarily adopt actions conducive to health to achieve this goal the assumptions must be in place cannot force lifelong health enhancing behaviors can’t expect change just because people saw a health promotion program