<ul><li>Managing Your  </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>With a Healthy Diet </li></ul>
Objectives <ul><li>Understand the importance of nutrition to diabetes management </li></ul><ul><li>Outline current nutriti...
Why is Good Nutrition Important? <ul><li>Eating a healthy diet can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help you control your blood suga...
Why is Good Nutrition Important? <ul><li>Eating a healthy diet can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent complications from high ...
Each Person With Diabetes is Different! <ul><li>Every person with diabetes should receive medical nutrition therapy based ...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Lose weight if you are overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise to promote o...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Consume at least 130 grams carbohydrate per day (do not use low-carbohydr...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Lose weight if you are overweight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lose weight slowl...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Exercise to promote or maintain weight loss  (consult with your doctor be...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><ul><li>Monitor carbohydrate intake to maintain blood sugar control </li></ul...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Obtain carbohydrates mainly from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legume...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Carbohydrate sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even sugar and sweetened foods...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Consume at least 130 grams of carbohydrate each day </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Use sugar substitutes if desired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use only sugar sub...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Limit saturated fats,  trans  fat, and dietary cholesterol </li></ul><ul>...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Trans  fat are produced by the food industry by taking liquid oils and ch...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Trans  fats are found mainly in packaged and processed foods. </li></ul><...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Dietary cholesterol is found mainly in animal foods. </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Fats are higher in calories than carbohydrates, so eating less fat can he...
Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Where do I start? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk to your doctor, dietitian, a...
Summary <ul><li>Good nutrition is one of the keys to managing Type 2 Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition guidelines for T...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Managing Diabetes Through a Healthy Diet

2,703

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,703
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
165
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Managing Diabetes Through a Healthy Diet

  1. 1. <ul><li>Managing Your </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>With a Healthy Diet </li></ul>
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Understand the importance of nutrition to diabetes management </li></ul><ul><li>Outline current nutrition guidelines for diabetes management </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is Good Nutrition Important? <ul><li>Eating a healthy diet can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help you control your blood sugars and blood lipids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help you maintain a healthy weight or lose weight if you are overweight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow you to take less medication or avoid taking medication for your diabetes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why is Good Nutrition Important? <ul><li>Eating a healthy diet can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent complications from high blood sugars like nerve problems, kidney problems, and vision problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevent other complications like heart disease and circulatory problems </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Each Person With Diabetes is Different! <ul><li>Every person with diabetes should receive medical nutrition therapy based on his/her medical needs </li></ul><ul><li>Your dietitian may suggest very specific goals for your weight, diet, and exercise depending on your health status </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Lose weight if you are overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise to promote or maintain weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor carbohydrate intake to maintain blood sugar control </li></ul><ul><li>Obtain carbohydrates mainly from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and low-fat or skim milk </li></ul>Source: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2007. Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (S1), January 2007.
  7. 7. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Consume at least 130 grams carbohydrate per day (do not use low-carbohydrate diets to treat diabetes) </li></ul><ul><li>Use sugar substitutes if desired </li></ul><ul><li>Limit saturated fat, trans fat, and dietary cholesterol </li></ul>Source: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2007. Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30(Supplement 1): S4-S41, January 2007.
  8. 8. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Lose weight if you are overweight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lose weight slowly and safely, 1-2 pounds weekly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enjoy foods from all food groups. Avoid fad diets that eliminate any specific foods or groups of foods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat smaller portions and exercise more </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Exercise to promote or maintain weight loss (consult with your doctor before beginning) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 minutes most days of the week is recommended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include aerobic exercise and resistance training for the best results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start slowly and increase the duration and intensity of exercise if you are new to exercise. </li></ul></ul>Source: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2007. Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30(Supplement 1): S4-S41, January 2007.
  10. 10. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><ul><li>Monitor carbohydrate intake to maintain blood sugar control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limit your carbohydrate intake to what is suggested by your dietitian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use carbohydrate counting, the exchange system, or other methods to estimate your carbohydrate intake </li></ul></ul></ul>Source: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  11. 11. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Obtain carbohydrates mainly from fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and low-fat or skim milk. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These foods are the best carbohydrate sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They are usually high in fiber and high in nutrients your body needs </li></ul></ul></ul>Source: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  12. 12. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Carbohydrate sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even sugar and sweetened foods can be included in your diet when you have diabetes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Substitute them for another carbohydrate in your diet now and then </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These food are “empty calories” so should be limited </li></ul></ul></ul>Source: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  13. 13. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Consume at least 130 grams of carbohydrate each day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-carbohydrate diets are not recommended for diabetes management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates contain important nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose most of your carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. </li></ul></ul>Source: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  14. 14. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Use sugar substitutes if desired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use only sugar substitutes that are approved by the FDA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar substitutes can help you enjoy sweet treats more often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar substitutes don’t appear to cause weight loss or control blood sugars </li></ul></ul>Source: Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes. A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 30 (Supplement 1):S48-S63, January 2007.
  15. 15. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Limit saturated fats, trans fat, and dietary cholesterol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These types of dietary fats and cholesterol can contribute to heart disease, which is related to diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you use fats, use liquid oils instead of solid fats when possible . </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Trans fat are produced by the food industry by taking liquid oils and changing them into solid fats. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This process improves the shelf life and stability of flavors of processed foods </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Trans fats are found mainly in packaged and processed foods. </li></ul><ul><li>To limit trans fats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit use of packaged crackers and cookies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limit use of commercial bakery products like cakes, cookies, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use soft margarine instead of stick margarine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read food labels for trans fats </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Dietary cholesterol is found mainly in animal foods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By limiting saturated fats you will also limit dietary cholesterol </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Fats are higher in calories than carbohydrates, so eating less fat can help you lose weight. </li></ul><ul><li>Use lean meats and poultry and include fish, nuts, and legumes to help reduce your intake of saturated fats and cholesterol </li></ul>
  20. 20. Nutrition Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes <ul><li>Where do I start? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk to your doctor, dietitian, and diabetes educator about which changes are most important for you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start slowly by changing your habits one at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek support from your dietitian and/or diabetes support group </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Summary <ul><li>Good nutrition is one of the keys to managing Type 2 Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes focus on controlling carbohydrate and fat intake </li></ul><ul><li>Weight management and exercise are also key </li></ul><ul><li>Seek help to set and reach your nutrition and exercise goals </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×