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What is diabetes?

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  • 1. Welcome Type 2 Diabetes Self Awareness Afternoon
  • 2. Diabetes self awareness afternoon
    • Informative
    • Informal
    • Meet some of the team involved in diabetes care
    • ENJOY
  • 3.
    • Diabetes self test
  • 4.
    • Diabetes self awareness afternoon
  • 5. AIMS
    • To improve your understanding of diabetes
    • To understand why certain things are measured
    • To know how diabetes affects the body
    • To show you ways to keep healthy and avoid complications
    • To empower you to make lifestyle changes and manage your diabetes along side health care professionals
  • 6. Diabetes Care Ophthalmologist Health promotion Pharmacist Family Dietician Nurses Podiatrists Doctors YOU
  • 7. WHAT!!!!!!! Diabetes
  • 8. Diagnosis
    • As part of screening
    • Because of symptoms
  • 9. What is Diabetes ?
    • A common condition
    • Amount of sugar in blood is too high
    • Normally we regulate blood sugar with insulin
    • Diabetes happens when not enough insulin is made
    • or the insulin does not work effectively
  • 10. Type 2 diabetes
    • Body still makes some insulin
    • Insulin does not work properly (insulin resistance)
    • Fat cells are resistant to insulin
    • Usually occurs in the over 40s
    • Runs in families
  • 11. Diabetes can cause problems
    • AFFECTS:
    • blood pressure
    • stroke
    • heart disease
    • the feet
    • the eyes
    • the level of cholesterol
    • the Kidneys
    • the nerves
  • 12. Who is at risk of problems ?
    • blood sugar remains high
    • have a high blood pressure
    • high cholesterol
    • smokers
    • men
    • older
    • have high levels of protein in your urine
  • 13. To prevent problems
    • Control your blood sugar
    • Control your blood pressure
    • Control your cholesterol
    • Manage your weight
    • Maintain good levels of physical activity
    • Stop smoking
  • 14. How to control your diabetes
    • Lifestyle changes
    • Diet
    • Exercise
    • Medications
    • Anti-diabetic tablets
    • Insulin
    • Statins
    • Blood pressure medication
    • Aspirin
  • 15.
    • PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE
  • 16. Coming up
    • What do the numbers mean
    • Diabetes and me
    • Diabetes and lifestyle changes
  • 17. Diabetes and the Kidney
    • Problems range from:
    • Urine infections
    • Diabetic kidney disease
    • scarred and small
  • 18. How do we monitor kidneys ?
    • Check bloods at least every year to see how kidneys are functioning
    • Check urine for protein annually
    • ( microalbumin)
  • 19. Keep kidneys healthy
    • Good blood glucose control
    • Good blood pressure control
    • Ensure you get at least annual blood tests and urine tests
  • 20. Keep kidneys healthy
    • If you have microalbumin (protein) in the urine
    • We have medications that can protect the kidneys
    • We aim for tighter blood pressure control
    • May need referral to kidney specialist
  • 21. Summary
    • Annual blood and urine checks
    • By screening we can pick up problems and deal with them before they begin
    • PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE