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Postgraduate Diploma and MSc Cardiology
 

Postgraduate Diploma and MSc Cardiology

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    Postgraduate Diploma and MSc Cardiology Postgraduate Diploma and MSc Cardiology Document Transcript

    • Postgraduate Courses in Nephrology: Masters Postgraduate Diploma Postgraduate Certificate Application Handbook for the 2006/7 academic year Contact for further details: Jennie Hayward Course Administrator j.hayward@brighton.ac.uk 01273 644128 www.bsms.ac.uk/postgraduate September 2006
    • Contents INTRODUCTION .........................................................................................................3 AIMS..............................................................................................................................3 ENTRY REQUIREMENTS ..........................................................................................3 STRUCTURE OF THE COURSE.................................................................................4 TEACHING STAFF ......................................................................................................5 TIMETABLE.................................................................................................................6 TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS................................................................6 MODULE CONTENT AND LEARNING OUTCOMES.............................................6 Renal Physiology/Pathophysiology ...........................................................................6 Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment in Renal Care ...............................................7 End Stage Renal Failure.............................................................................................7 General Nephrology...................................................................................................8 Research Methods & Critical Appraisal ....................................................................9 Epidemiology.............................................................................................................9 ASSESSMENT ............................................................................................................10 Dissertation ..............................................................................................................10 FINALLY… ................................................................................................................10
    • 1. INTRODUCTION The postgraduate courses in nephrology are designed to meet the professional development needs of Specialist Registrars and other senior members of the renal team. They are planned for part- or full-time study in the context of relevant clinical practice and are part of the Clinical Specialty Programme of the Postgraduate Medical School (PGMS) and the Graduate Programme in Health and Social Sciences (GPHSS). The nephrology modules offer a clinically-orientated theoretical framework to enhance practice and allow scope for the development of individual interests. Courses available: Postgraduate Certificate (PGCert) Nephrology Postgraduate Diploma (PGDip) Nephrology MSc Nephrology MSc Nephrology & Education MSc Nephrology & Management The academic standard is the same for each award as they are all taught at Postgraduate (M) level. Successful completion of Certificates, Diploma and MSc requires 60, 120 and 180 credits, respectively. You may wish to register, as many do, for an MSc directly or you may register for any of the awards and progress from one stage to the next as your confidence or learning opportunities increase. The Course Principal, Dr Chris Kingswood and the Course Leader, Carmel Keller can provide useful advice on this either over the telephone or at interview. 2. AIMS The courses aim to advance your theoretical knowledge and scientific basis of clinical nephrology by promoting the exploration of the pathophysiology of a wide range of renal conditions with the current evidence for their diagnosis and treatment to equip you to use this towards leading-edge practice at the forefront of your specialty. The early inclusion of education on epidemiology, research methods and critical appraisal skills enables you to access some learning less easily obtained in the clinical setting. The MSc Nephrology & Education and the MSc Nephrology & Management aim to combine education/management theory with clinical nephrology for people who are in – or aspire to - a career in teaching or management. 3. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS The course has been designed to map onto and complement the Curriculum for Renal Medicine produced by the Royal College of Physicians’ Joint Committee on Higher Medical Training and will have particular appeal for 1st & 2nd Year Renal SpRs. The NSF for renal care encourages the members of the renal team to study together where appropriate and this course reflects this philosophy by enabling practitioners from varying professions to study alongside each other. Consequently, at each annual intake, applications are welcome from doctors in other disciplines and senior health professionals and scientists. To maintain high level discussion within the modules, post-registration non-graduate students would usually have at least 5 years clinical
    • experience. Other well evaluated courses in PGMS have shown that the diversity of clinical employment and range of professions from which students come provide a rich basis for academic discussion broadening perspective and application of learning. Employment in a clinical setting where renal care is considered a part of your day-to- day activity is considered essential to learning on the course and you should normally have arranged for such employment to be in place prior to commencing the course. This type of employment would normally be expected to continue throughout the course. You will be expected to demonstrate on CV and at interview the ability to study at Masters level. We would be most interested in your usual method and frequency of independent study and enquiry. You will also be expected to have had regular contact with key specialty journals as well as high calibre journals specific to your own profession. You will also be asked to identify your proposed source of funding. If at interview it is evident that you clearly have a career in renal care but do not seem to be at the correct academic level for starting the course we can let you know of other courses or modules that may prepare you well for a later application. All applications will be subject to the University Equal Opportunities Policy. Students for whom English is not a first language must demonstrate an acceptable standard of comprehension and communication in the English Language. 4. STRUCTURE OF THE COURSE You would normally follow award pathways as follows:. Postgraduate Certificate in Nephrology Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology plus Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment in Renal Care plus Research Methods & Critical Appraisal Postgraduate Diploma in Nephrology Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology plus Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment in Renal Care plus End Stage Renal Failure plus Research Methods & Critical Appraisal plus Epidemiology plus One optional renal module or one module from GPHSS Masters Nephrology Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology plus Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment in Renal Care plus End Stage Renal Failure plus Research Methods & Critical Appraisal plus Epidemiology plus One optional renal module or one module from GPHSS plus 4
    • 16,000-word dissertation Masters in Nephrology & Education Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology plus Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment in Renal Care plus Research Methods & Critical Appraisal plus End Stage Renal Failure plus Postgraduate Certificate Medical Education or Postgraduate Certificate Education in the Clinical Setting or Postgraduate Certificate Clinical Education or Postgraduate Certificate Health and Social Care Education plus 12,000-word dissertation Masters in Nephrology & Management Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology plus Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment in Renal Care plus Research Methods & Critical Appraisal plus End Stage Renal Failure plus 3 approved management modules or PGCert Public Service Management plus 12,000-word dissertation Optional modules The optional renal modules are: General Nephrology Co-morbidity in Renal Disease GPHSS offers more than 100 other modules from which you may choose and more than 50 of these are developed by PGMS. In exceptional circumstances, changes may be made to the course routes to meet individual educational needs. Any change must be agreed with the Course Leader/Principal. Full-time students are expected to complete their course in one year. Part-time students are expected to complete the Master’s in three years, the Diploma in two years and the Certificate in one year. The maximum period of registration allowed for part-time study for the Diploma and Masters courses is six years and in exceptional and rare instances, students can request an extension of their registration period but this is strongly discouraged and will carry an additional fee to continue. Postgraduate Certificates may be extended to two years under the dame process. 5. TEACHING STAFF The course will be delivered by nationally and internationally renowned consultants in renal medicine. Other professional experts from the renal team will provide teaching and facilitation wherever this is considered appropriate. Staff from the Brighton & Sussex Medical School and the Postgraduate Medical School will provide additional academic input through teaching and academic support. 5
    • 6. TIMETABLE Once you have been accepted on to the course, you will be sent all the information you need including the Course Handbook and module enrolment forms. You will be welcomed formally to the University at the Induction Day for all successful applicants and it is usually compulsory to attend. It is a helpful opportunity to see the teaching areas, meet the Course Leader and PGMS staff, and meet other students studying on your course and other GPHSS courses. You will also complete registration for access all the computing and learning resources available to students. The Induction Day is held on Friday 8 September 2006 and another is planned for the beginning of Semester two in February. It is usual for students to take three modules each year for two years and the dissertation is normally planned in the second year and taken in the third year. Each renal module is delivered over a full-time week, Monday – Friday 9.30am – 4.30pm. Some modules from the Graduate Programme in Health & Social Sciences are delivered over an extended period of time and you should check on this when choosing your optional modules. 7. TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS As with all masters-level courses, there is a considerable degree of independent study. Other teaching methods will encompass lectures, whole group discussion, group discussion, individual tutorials, use of multiples choice question papers, and student presentations. Teaching will be assisted by the use of CD-ROM, prepared notes, workbooks, and the usual visual aids. Employment in relevant clinical areas will contribute to learning by enabling the integration of the evidence base acquired through the course into the reality of clinical practice. 8. MODULE CONTENT AND LEARNING OUTCOMES Renal Physiology/Pathophysiology This module will use leading-edge research to gain a systematic knowledge and understanding of the pathophysiology of: - Autoimmune systemic disease - Renal failure - Glomerular diseases - Renal tubular disorders - Interstitial renal disease - Heredity & genetics - Renal stone disease - Nephrotic syndrome - Hyperfiltration nephropathy - Disorders of fluid, electrolyte and acid base regulation - Other systemic diseases affecting the kidney On successful completion of the module, you will demonstrate: 6
    • Advanced knowledge of the physiology of the renal system A systematic understanding of the pathophysiology of a range of renal conditions Critical evaluation of recent advances in relevant renal genetics Critical decision making in applying the principles of physiology to underpin practice Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment in Renal Care This module will cover: i) the principles of diagnosis including: - History, philosophy, models and formulation of diagnosis - Presenting symptomatology, history taking with special emphasis on psycho- social aspects of patients/clients, physical examination and ramifications of diagnosis - Eliciting patients’ perspectives - Pathological, imaging, biopsy and other investigations - Formulation and diagnosis - Related conditions including hypertension and diabetes i) the principles of treatment including: - Introduction to treatment approaches to patients during different stages of renal failure - Evidence based practice - Integrated care pathways - Pharmacology and therapeutics - Treatment modalities including acute renal replacement therapy - Nutritional therapy - Psychosocial care - Negotiating approaches to treatment - Alternative therapies and strategies On successful completion of the module you will demonstrate: leading-edge knowledge and understanding of the scientific basis of diagnosis and treatment of renal conditions ability to investigate and diagnose renal disease based on high level clinical reasoning skills The ability to elicit patients’ perspectives on care critical evaluation of concepts and principles of different diagnostic and treatment modalities for short- and long-term care The ability to negotiate approaches to treatment critical evaluation of service delivery to inform planning of care End Stage Renal Failure This module aims to increase your knowledge and understanding of the different methods of treatment in the patient with end-stage renal failure, including pre-dialysis 7
    • care, haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, renal transplantation and palliative care. The module will cover: - Management of patients with chronic renal failure approaching dialysis - Clinical and scientific aspects of modes of dialysis - Dialysis adequacy - Non-dialysis management of dialysis patients - Dialysis access - Pharmacology - Nutrition - Social, psychological and ethical aspects of care - Palliative care - Standards and registry - Selection for transplantation - Choice and change of dialysis - Service provision – optimising services - Role of the multi-disciplinary/multi-professional team - Co-morbidity - Principle aspects of cadaver and live donor transplantation On successful completion of the module you will demonstrate: A systematic understanding of the principles of the medical treatment of chronic renal disease Advanced knowledge of the scientific principles underlying the treatment of end-stage renal failure Critical awareness of the clinical and psychological aspects of the care of the patient with end-stage renal failure High level skills in clinical decision making in choice and change of dialysis modality, and withholding and withdrawing treatment Critical awareness of commissioning dialysis services and planning future provision Critical evaluation of the ethical and clinical aspects of palliative care for patients with end-stage renal failure General Nephrology The module aims to strengthen your existing knowledge of evaluation, treatment and management of patients with low clearance problems, acute and chronic kidney disease, fluid and electrolyte disorders, hypertension and kidney stones. The module will cover: - Pre-Dialysis care - Interstitial nephritis - Renal Osteodystrophy - Reno-vascular hypertension - Infection in the renal patient - Urinary tract infection and - Nephrotic Syndrome obstruction - Renal disorders in pregnancy - Familial Nephropathy - Nutrition - Glomerulonephritis - Nephrotoxicity - Diabetic nephropathy 8
    • - Reflux nephropathy - Acute uraemic emergencies - Polycystic kidney disease - Plasmapheresis - Renal vasculitis On successful completion of the module, you should be able to demonstrate: Critical evaluation of the concepts and principles of different diagnostic and treatment modalities for short- and long-term care Awareness of evaluation strategies implemented to monitor long-term medical management of renal conditions Analytical decision making in applying the principles of physiology to underpin practice Systematic and evidence-based approach to decision making in diagnosis and treatment to enable practice at the forefront of the specialty Ability to make informed judgement in the absence of complete data Application of monitoring and evaluation strategies in long term renal care Research Methods & Critical Appraisal The module aims to enable you to build upon their existing knowledge of research methodology. You will learn about and practice the development of a soundly structured and clearly justified research proposal. The module will cover: - Overview of research methods - Experimental studies - Assessing methodological rigor - Systematic reviews - Asking a research question - Critical appraisal of papers; - Searching the literature qualitative, randomised - Hypothesis testing controlled trial, systematic - Minitab reviews - Qualitative research and different research paradigms On successful completion of the module you should be able to: demonstrate a critical understanding of major research designs and their relative strengths and limitations develop and justify a chosen research approach and methodology to investigate a specific topic produce a research proposal which demonstrates appreciation of scientific method critically appraise a variety of research papers across a range of study designs Epidemiology This module aims to promote the understanding of epidemiological theory and techniques, and to encourage the application of epidemiological principles to health care practice. You will study with other students taking public health and clinical specialty courses. There will be dedicated workshops to the study of renal epidemiology. 9
    • By the end of the module you should be able to: examine and analyse the role of epidemiology in investigating public and environmental health issues critically assess various measures on which to base healthcare decisions, including measures of association, data quality and risk critically explore the role and limitations of screening in public health critically compare and contrast the use of two study designs used in epidemiological research 9. ASSESSMENT Assessment methods vary and reflect the style and content of individual modules and these details are available in the full courser handbook on successful application for course entry. The most common form of assessment is through a 3,000-word essay that is intended to reflect the learning outcomes of the module. Some modules also have a short presentation as part of the assessment. Dissertation All students undertaking the MSc will be required to write a 16,000-word dissertation of primary or secondary research. You will be guided through the planning and development of your chosen dissertation and will be given supervisory support throughout. Some students use this as a route for planning a Doctorate award at a later stage. Those of you choosing to do the ‘& Education’ or ‘& Management’ route will undertake a dissertation of 12,000 words which will focus on education/management in renal medicine/care. 10. FINALLY… We do hope that you find that one of these courses meets your needs. An application for these courses can be made via the University of Brighton website: www.brighton.ac.uk (follow the links to application for postgraduate courses). If you are still unsure and just wish to dip your toes in the water of postgraduate education, you can take a single module without taking it any further! If you have any further queries that will help you to decide the right development for you, we would be pleased to hear from you. Do make contact with the Programme Administrator for this course and they will put you in touch with the appropriate person to answer your enquiry. Learning can (and should!) be fun as well as hard work so do choose what suits your needs best and good luck with your decision! 10