Life with one kidney
Information for families




Great Ormond Street Hospital
for Children NHS Trust
This leaflet explains about life with only having one kidney and
what to expect when your child comes to Great Ormond Stre...
Why does my child need                Support groups
regular check ups?                    National Kidney Federation
When...
Notes
in collaboration with the Patient Information Group
Compiled by Louise Ward

© GOS Trust 2002
Ref: PIG 2002/013




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Life with one kidney

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Life with one kidney

  1. 1. Life with one kidney Information for families Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust
  2. 2. This leaflet explains about life with only having one kidney and what to expect when your child comes to Great Ormond Street Children’s Hospital for monitoring. Why does my child only How does the urinary have one kidney? system work? There are several reason why your The urinary system consists of child may only have one kidney: the kidneys, the bladder and ureters. The kidneys filter the He or she may have been born blood to remove waste products with only one normal kidney. In and form urine. Urine flows from many cases, this is discovered the kidneys down through the during a routine scan. ureters to the bladder. From here it passes through another tube Your child may have had one (the urethra) to the outside, when kidney removed due to disease or urinating. an accident. The ureters join the bladder at an angle, creating a flap (valve). This prevents urine flowing back from the bladder into the ureters and the kidneys (reflux). It also stops the high pressure created by Kidneys urination from affecting the kidneys. This valve helps to get rid of the urine in the bladder in one go, as the urine cannot travel to anywhere else. Ureters Bladder Sphincter Urethra
  3. 3. Why does my child need Support groups regular check ups? National Kidney Federation When a child is born with one 6 Stanley Street normal kidney, he or she should Worksop have regular check ups with a S81 7HX specialist doctor, to make sure that the kidney is growing Tel: 0845 601 0209 Helpline normally. Email: nkf@kidney.org.uk Web: www.kidney.org.uk What are the risks of only having one kidney? National Kidney Research Fund King’s Chambers Life with one kidney should not Priestgate be significantly different to life Peterborough PE1 1FG with two kidneys. Studies have found that people who have only Tel 0845 300 1499 Helpline one normal kidney are no more Tel 01753 704650 likely to develop kidney failure. e-mail: helpline@nkrf.org.uk Web: http://www.nkrf.org.uk Will my child need to follow a special diet? British Kidney Patient Association Your child will not have to Bordon restrict his or her diet unless the GU35 9JZ remaining kidney is not completely normal. In this case, Tel 01420 472021/2 the amount of salt and protein your child eats may need to be decreased. Your doctor will tell you if this is necessary. No other special diets are needed. Will my child be able to participate in sports? Your child need not restrict his or her activities. However, some doctors believe that children with one kidney should avoid sports, which involve a lot of body contact, like rugby or boxing.
  4. 4. Notes in collaboration with the Patient Information Group Compiled by Louise Ward © GOS Trust 2002 Ref: PIG 2002/013 Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust Great Ormond Street London WC1N 3JH Tel: 020 7405 9200

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