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Carboidratos 2012

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  • 1. CARBOIDRATOS Rinaldo Ferreira BioquímicaOdontologia/CCS/UNIVALI
  • 2. CARBOIDRATOS
  • 3. CARBOIDRATOS
  • 4. CARBOIDRATOS
  • 5. CARBOIDRATOS
  • 6. CONCEITO H-C=O I Poli-hidróxi-aldeído H-C-OH I H-C-OH H I I H H-C-OH I C=O I  Poli-hidróxi-cetona H-C-OH I H
  • 7. CLASSIFICAÇÃO Monossacarídeos CnH2nOn Dissacarídeos Cn(H2O)n-1 Oligossacarídeos (C6H10O5)x Polissacarídeos (C6H10O5)x
  • 8. MONOSSACARÍDEOS Número de Carbonos Triose C3H6O3 Tetrose C4H8O4 Pentose C5H10O5 Hexose C6H12O6
  • 9. ISOMERIA ALDOSE-CETOSE H-C=O I Gliceraldeído Aldose H-C-OH I H-C-OH H Diidroxiacetona I I H H-C-OH I C=O  Cetose I H-C-OH I H
  • 10. DESIGNAÇÃO D-L H-C=O I GLICERALDEÍDOD H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H H-C=O I HO-C-H I L H-C-OH I H
  • 11. ISOMERIA ÓPTICA H2C-OH H2C-OH I L ID C=O C=O I I- HO-C-H + H-C-OH I I H-C-OH HO-C-H I I H-C-OH HO-C-H I I H2C-OH H2C-OH FRUTOSE
  • 12. EPIMERIA Alose Galactose Gulose Glicose HCO HCO HCO HCO HCO I I HCO I HCO I HCO IHO-C-H H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I I HO-C-H I HO-C-H I HO-C-H IHO-C-HHO-C-H I H-C-OH I HO-C-H I H-C-OH I I H-C-OH I HO-C-H I H-C-OH IHO-C-HHO-C-H I HO-C-H I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I I HO-C-H I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H-C-OHH-C-OH I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H2C-OHH2C-OH I H2C-OH I H2C-OH I H2C-OH H2C-OH H2C-OH H2C-OHTalose Idose Manose Altrose
  • 13. ANOMERIAGlicose H-C=O I H-C-OH IHO-C-H I H-C-OH I H-C-OH I H2C-OH
  • 14. Glicose OH ANOMERIA I H-C I H-C-OH IHO-C-H O I H-C-OH I H-C I H2C-OH
  • 15. ANOMERIA CH2OH CH2OH H O H H O OH H H OH H OH HHO OH HO H H OH H OH  
  • 16. ESTRUTURAS CÍCLICAS CH2OH CH2OH O O H CHOH H H H OH H HHO OH OH H H OH OH H HO  D Glicopiranose  D Glicofuranose
  • 17. ESTRUTURAS CÍCLICAS  D Glicopiranose
  • 18. ESTRUTURAS CÍCLICAS Frutopiranose
  • 19. DISSACARÍDEOS CH2OH CH2OH H O H O H H H H OH H HHO OH OH HO OH H OH H OH D Glicopiranose  D Glicopiranose
  • 20. DISSACARÍDEOS MALTOSE CH2OH CH2OH H O H O H H H H OH H HHO OH O OH H OH H OH  D Glicopiranosil- (1-4)- D Glicopiranosídeo
  • 21. DISSACARÍDEOS MALTOSE
  • 22. DISSACARÍDEOS CH2OH CH2OH O H O H H H OH H H OHHO OH HO CH2OH H OH H HO D Glicopiranose  D Frutofuranose
  • 23. DISSACARÍDEOS SACAROSE CH2OH CH2OH O H O H H H OH H H OHHO CH2OH H OH O H HO D Frutofuranosil (2-1)  D Glicopiranosídeo
  • 24. DISSACARÍDEOS SACAROSE
  • 25. SACAROSE
  • 26. DISSACARÍDEOS CH2OH CH2OHHO O OH O OH H H H OH H H H OH H HO H H OH H OH D Galatopiranose  D Glicopiranose
  • 27. DISSACARÍDEOS LACTOSE CH2OH CH2OHHO O O OH H H H OH H O H H OH H H H OH H OH D Galatopiranosil (1-4) -  D Glicopiranosídeo
  • 28. DISSACARÍDEOS LACTOSE
  • 29. LACTOSE
  • 30. AÇÚCAR REDUTOR LACTOSE CH2OH CH2OHHO O O OH H H H OH H O H H OH H H H OH H OH D Galatopiranosil (1-4) -  D Glicopiranosídeo
  • 31. AÇÚCAR NÃO REDUTOR SACAROSE CH2OH CH2OH O H O H H H OH H H OHHO CH2OH H O OH H HO D Frutofuranosil (2-1)  D Glicopiranosídeo
  • 32. POLISSACARÍDEOS Amido Glicogênio Inulina Dextrina Celulose Quitina Glicoproteína Glicosaminoglicano
  • 33. AMIDOAmilose o o o o o o CH2OH oAmilopectina CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH o o o o o o
  • 34. AMIDO
  • 35. AMIDO
  • 36. AMIDO
  • 37. GLICOGÊNIO CH2OH oCH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH CH2OH o o o o o o
  • 38. GLICOGÊNIOwww.geocities.com glicogênio
  • 39. GLICOGÊNIO
  • 40. FRUTANOS
  • 41. FRUTANOSfrutano www.scielo.br
  • 42. FRUTANOSwww.dignow.org
  • 43. INULINA
  • 44. DEXTRINA DEXTRANAo o o o o o
  • 45. DEXTRANAwww.britannica.com
  • 46. DEXTRANAwww mayn franken de
  • 47. DEXTRANAo o o o o o
  • 48. CELULOSEo o o o o o
  • 49. CELULOSE
  • 50. QUITINA o o o o o oNH-CO-CH3 NH-CO-CH3 NH-CO-CH3 NH-CO-CH3 NH-CO-CH3 NH-CO-CH3 NH-CO-CH3
  • 51. QUITINA
  • 52. GLICOPROTEÍNA HCH3-CO-HN COOH O H-OH H-OH CH2OH H H H OH OH H Ácido N-acetilneuramínico
  • 53. GLICOPROTEÍNA
  • 54. GLICOSAMINOGLICANOCOOH COOH COOH COOH o o o o o o OH NH-CO-CH3 OH NH-CO-CH3 OH NH-CO-CH3 OH Ácido Hialurônico
  • 55. GLICOSAMINOGLICANO iracema27.wordpress.com glicosamina
  • 56. GLICOSAMINOGLICANOEstructura Proteoglicano: Corazón proteico unido a las cadenas de Condroitín Sulfato y otros Glicosaminoglicanos. www.bioiberica.com
  • 57. CARBOIDRATOS RinaldoFerreira Bioquímica Odontologia/CCS/UNIVALI