Tasmanian tiger-wolf is an extinctwolf like carnivorous marsupial ofTasmania having stripes on itsback. Despite its name, this animalis neither a tiger nor a wolf and it isclosely related to the kangaroo. Ithad a pouch for its babies to climbin. It became extinct because ofthe activities of human being in1936.
Dodo birds lived only on the island ofMauritius. An adult Dodo was about 1meter long and weighed 20 kg. It was greyand had small wings. Dodo birds were notgood to eat. Their meat was very tough.The extinction of the Dodo bird wascomplete by the end of the 17th century. Noone knows exactly why it died out, buthunting, habitat loss, and competition withintroduced animals such as pigs andmonkeys combined to doom the species.
Passenger Pigeon or Wild Pigeon existed inNorth America and lived in enormous migratoryflocks. Some scientists say that there were 3billion to 5 billion passenger pigeons on theterritory of US when Europeans arrived in NorthAmerica.Passenger Pigeon was about 40 cm long andweighed about 400 grams. It was a very socialbird. It lived in colonies stretching over hundredsof square miles. There were up to a hundrednests in a single tree.It became extinct because of unregulatedhunting (its meat was a cheap food for slavesand the poor in the 19th century) and loss ofhabitat.
The quagga is an extinctsubspecies of the zebra whichwas found in great numbers inSouth Africa. It was hunted toextinction for meat, hides, and topreserve feed for domesticatesstock. The last wild quagga wasshot in 1870s, and the lastspecimen in captivity died in1883.
Carolina Parakeet was the only parrot species native to the Eastern United States. The last wild bird was killed in Florida in 1904. The last captive bird died at the Cincinnati Zoo in 1918. Reasons for extinction:- Large areas of forest were cut down, taking away its habitat;- Colourful feathers of the birds were in demand as decorations in ladies’ hats;- Farmers considered them a pest.
The Bubal Hartebeest was a magnificent, toughbeast which was once domesticated by theancient Egyptians as a food source and forsacrificial purposes. The creature was evenmentioned in the Old Testament.Although it once roamed throughout NorthernAfrica and the Middle East, the deep-rootedmythology which surrounded the animal was notenough to save it from European hunters whobegan hunting them for recreation and meat.The last Bubal Hartebeest was probably afemale which died in the Paris Zoo in 1923.
Scientists say that now 3 speciesof animals, birds or fish die outevery hour. That means that in100 years from 25 % to 50% of allliving creatures on our planet willdisappear.
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