French & Indian War Competing for an Empire
French & Indian War  Pre-assessment <ul><li>When did the French & Indian War begin? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the causes o...
Rivals for North America <ul><li>By late 1600’s England and two Rivals in North America: Spain & France </li></ul><ul><li>...
The Balance of Power  <ul><li>French Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Single Government </li></ul><ul><li>Could make quick dec...
Native Americans Take Sides <ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>English were farmers and usually ignored Indian rights </li>...
The Ohio Valley <ul><li>Why were the English and French interested in the Ohio Valley? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why Nativ...
Drama at Fort Necessity <ul><li>Washington was sent to tell the French to leave and build a Fort to protect English claims...
The Defeat at Fort Necessity <ul><li>Why did Washington’s men attack the French at Jumonville Glen? </li></ul><ul><li>Do y...
A Plan of Union <ul><li>Delegates from the English colonies met to discuss a plan proposed by  Ben Franklin  to work toget...
Warm-up  <ul><li>What role did George Washington play in the early events of the French & Indian War? </li></ul>
English Setbacks <ul><li>1755 British army under General Edward Braddock led troops to attack Ft. Duquesne </li></ul><ul><...
 
Braddock’s Defeat <ul><li>Braddock had five horses shot out from under him before he fell mortally wounded </li></ul><ul><...
Braddock’s Defeat <ul><li>Explain how a much stronger force under General Braddock was easily defeated by a much smaller f...
Battle of Fort Oswego <ul><li>The Battle of Fort Oswego was one in a series of early French victories in the North America...
The Battle of Lake George  Siege of Fort William Henry <ul><li>The Battle of Fort William Henry in August 1757 resulted in...
Turning of the Tide <ul><li>In the first two years the British suffered a series of defeats and the war did not go well </...
Fort Duquesne Finally Falls <ul><li>Sept 14, 1758 Advanced force of 800 British Defeated </li></ul><ul><li>Fall of 1758 Fr...
Final Victory <ul><li>1759 Pitt sent Gen. James Wolfe to attack Quebec the French Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec was wel...
British Gains <ul><li>With the capture of Quebec the British win the war </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris in 1763 ends th...
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French & indian war

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French & indian war

  1. 1. French & Indian War Competing for an Empire
  2. 2. French & Indian War Pre-assessment <ul><li>When did the French & Indian War begin? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the causes of the French & Indian War. </li></ul><ul><li>What role did the area around Pittsburgh play in the war? </li></ul><ul><li>List two groups involved in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>What role did George Washington play in the war? </li></ul><ul><li>List three major people involved in the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the effects the war had on North America. </li></ul><ul><li>In what year did the war end? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how the war played a role in causing the American Revolution. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rivals for North America <ul><li>By late 1600’s England and two Rivals in North America: Spain & France </li></ul><ul><li>Spain and England often clashed in the West Indies and along the border between Georgia and Spanish Florida </li></ul><ul><li>France claimed all the land along the Mississippi: built a string of Forts to protect their claim </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Balance of Power <ul><li>French Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Single Government </li></ul><ul><li>Could make quick decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Many Indian allies </li></ul><ul><li>Established forts in Ohio valley </li></ul><ul><li>English Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Indian allies </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial population 20 times greater </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies were easier to defend </li></ul>
  5. 5. Native Americans Take Sides <ul><li>England </li></ul><ul><li>English were farmers and usually ignored Indian rights </li></ul><ul><li>Settlers expand into Indian lands </li></ul><ul><li>Found allies among the Iroquois: enemies of the Algonquins </li></ul><ul><li>Also won the help of Indians in Ohio Valley </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Indians controlled fur trade </li></ul><ul><li>French were fur trappers </li></ul><ul><li>Expected the Indians to take their side </li></ul><ul><li>Found allies among the Algonquins and Hurons </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Ohio Valley <ul><li>Why were the English and French interested in the Ohio Valley? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why Native Americans mostly sided with the French? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Drama at Fort Necessity <ul><li>Washington was sent to tell the French to leave and build a Fort to protect English claims </li></ul><ul><li>Washington attacked a small French force (opening shots of the war)near Jumonville Glen </li></ul><ul><li>Washington expecting a counter attack builds Fort Necessity </li></ul><ul><li>A strong French & Indian force attacks, forcing Washington to surrender </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Defeat at Fort Necessity <ul><li>Why did Washington’s men attack the French at Jumonville Glen? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think it was a wise decision by Washington? </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate why Washington was defeated at Fort Necessity. </li></ul><ul><li>What would you have done differently? </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Plan of Union <ul><li>Delegates from the English colonies met to discuss a plan proposed by Ben Franklin to work together against the French in Albany </li></ul><ul><li>Plan called for a Grand Council with representatives from each colony </li></ul><ul><li>Council would make laws, raise taxes and set up the defense of the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Delegates approved the plan but the colonial assemblies rejected it because they did not want to give up power </li></ul>
  10. 10. Warm-up <ul><li>What role did George Washington play in the early events of the French & Indian War? </li></ul>
  11. 11. English Setbacks <ul><li>1755 British army under General Edward Braddock led troops to attack Ft. Duquesne </li></ul><ul><li>Washington was Braddock’s Aide de Camp </li></ul><ul><li>Braddock’s army moved slow: had to cut a road & carried cannon and heavy gear </li></ul><ul><li>When Braddock neared Ft Duquesne the French & Indians launched a surprise attack </li></ul><ul><li>French & Indian sharpshooters hid in the woods and picked the British off </li></ul>
  12. 13. Braddock’s Defeat <ul><li>Braddock had five horses shot out from under him before he fell mortally wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Washington escaped without a wound </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half of the British were killed or wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Over the next two years the French won a string of victories </li></ul>
  13. 14. Braddock’s Defeat <ul><li>Explain how a much stronger force under General Braddock was easily defeated by a much smaller force. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe what you believe were the bad decisions made by Braddock. </li></ul><ul><li>What role did Washington play in the battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate: Why did the British fight the way that they did in the battle? </li></ul>
  14. 15. Battle of Fort Oswego <ul><li>The Battle of Fort Oswego was one in a series of early French victories in the North America. </li></ul><ul><li>August 10, 1756, a force of French soldiers and Canadian militia under General Montcalm captured the British Fort Oswego. </li></ul><ul><li>The fall of Fort Oswego interrupted American shipping on Lake Ontario. The battle showed that European siege tactics would work in North American. </li></ul>
  15. 16. The Battle of Lake George Siege of Fort William Henry <ul><li>The Battle of Fort William Henry in August 1757 resulted in Great Britain's loss of Fort William Henry to a French army under Louis-Joseph de Montcalm. </li></ul><ul><li>Following the siege, some of Montcalm's Native American allies violated his surrender terms and attacked a column of British survivors (women and children as well as men). </li></ul>
  16. 17. Turning of the Tide <ul><li>In the first two years the British suffered a series of defeats and the war did not go well </li></ul><ul><li>1757 William Pitt became the new Prime Minister of the British government </li></ul><ul><li>Under Pitt’s leadership the tide of battle turned </li></ul><ul><li>British won important victories: Lord Jeffery Amherst took Louisbourg and General Jonathan Forbes captured Ft Duquesne </li></ul>
  17. 18. Fort Duquesne Finally Falls <ul><li>Sept 14, 1758 Advanced force of 800 British Defeated </li></ul><ul><li>Fall of 1758 French abandon Fort Duquesne </li></ul><ul><li>Forbes takes control of Fort Duquesne November 25 th 1758 </li></ul>
  18. 19. Final Victory <ul><li>1759 Pitt sent Gen. James Wolfe to attack Quebec the French Capital </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec was well defended and sat atop a steep cliff </li></ul><ul><li>Wolfe’s troops climbed the cliff at night </li></ul><ul><li>During the Battle both the Marquis de Montcalm and Wolfe were killed </li></ul><ul><li>The British won the Battle </li></ul>
  19. 20. British Gains <ul><li>With the capture of Quebec the British win the war </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Paris in 1763 ends the war </li></ul><ul><li>Britain gained all of Canada and all lands east of Mississippi </li></ul><ul><li>Spain gained all lands west of the Mississippi </li></ul>
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