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Occupational Health<br />Dr Rikaz Sheriff MBBS<br />Senior Medical Officer, Western Hospital<br />Transplant & Employee Co...
Outline<br />Introduction to Occupational Health<br />Work environment – general issues<br />Work environment – specific i...
Introduction to Occupational Health<br />
What is an occupation?<br />The basic premise of an occupation is a type of work or job that may be found in a number of d...
Occupations focus on positions that require skills that may be used in a number of different work settings, allowing the i...
Defining wellbeing forPhysical | Mental | Social<br />Is the mind OK?<br />Is the interaction<br />with society OK?<br />S...
Defining wellbeing forPhysical | Mental | Social<br />
What is occupational health?<br />Wikipedia - a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and w...
World Health Organization - is the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-bei...
Maintain physical, mental & social well being.
Prevent health problems in the work place.
Protect workers from factors adverse to health
Workplace should be in physical and mental sync
The work itself should be in physical & mental sync</li></li></ul><li>General issues<br />
General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />
General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />~ 2030 kcal<br />Canteen<br />
General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />Washing<br />Smell<br />Prepa...
General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />~ 7 – 8 Hours<br />Overtime<b...
General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />Deformities<br />Disabilities...
Specific issues<br />
What is occupational disease?<br />“occupational diseases as any disease contracted as a result of an exposure to risk fac...
What is an occupational accident?<br />Anunexpected and unplanned occurrence, including acts of violence, arising out of o...
as occupational accidents are to be considered travel, transport or road traffic accidents in which workers are injured an...
International Labor Organization List of communicable diseases<br />via Exposure<br />Chemical<br />Physical<br />Biologic...
Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Arsenic<br />Industries: Wood preservation, Glass production<br />Transmission: Air, water, f...
Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Mercury<br />Industries: Medical, Bulbs, Batteries, Explosives<br />Transmission: Air, water,...
Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Lead<br />Industries: Lead miners, paint, plumbing, plastic<br />Transmission: Air, water, fo...
Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Pesticides<br />Industries: Agriculture, Domestics, Factory<br />Transmission: Air, food, soi...
Via Exposure - Physical<br />Noise<br />Vibration<br />Radiation<br />Extreme temperature<br />
Via Exposure - Biological<br />HIV | Hepatitis<br />Industries: Medical<br />Transmission: Blood<br />Presentation: Follow...
Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Rubber industry<br />Exposure: Chemicals<br />Diseases: Lung cancer, Bladder cancer<br />Tea ...
by Target organ system – Respiratory System<br />Pneumoconiosis<br />Industries: Glass, Asbestos, Coal, Cotton<br />Transm...
by Target organ system – Skin<br />Skin allergies<br />Industries: Exposure to allergy forming chemicals<br />Transmission...
by Target organ system – Musculoskeletal System<br />Problems of posture<br />Problems of weight<br />Problems of pressure...
by Target organ system – Mental & Behavioral Disorders<br />Post-traumatic stress disorder<br />Industries: Any industry w...
Occupational cancer<br />Asbestos<br />Types of cancer: Lung<br />Wood dust<br />Types of cancer: Lung<br />Coal<br />Type...
Our role<br />
The aims of occupational health<br />Promote physical, mental & social well being.<br />Maintain physical, mental & social...
Maintain physical, mental & social well being.
Prevent health problems in the work place.
Protect workers from factors adverse to health
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Occupational Health @ IPM on 26.3.11

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Date: 3.4.11 | Venue: IPM | Course: Diploma Psychology | Lecture: Occupational Health

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Transcript of "Occupational Health @ IPM on 26.3.11"

  1. 1. Occupational Health<br />Dr Rikaz Sheriff MBBS<br />Senior Medical Officer, Western Hospital<br />Transplant & Employee Counselor<br />PGIM Trainee MSc in Biomedical Informatics<br />PGIM Trainee Certificate in Medical Education<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Introduction to Occupational Health<br />Work environment – general issues<br />Work environment – specific issues<br />How can we help?<br />Q & A<br />
  3. 3. Introduction to Occupational Health<br />
  4. 4. What is an occupation?<br />The basic premise of an occupation is a type of work or job that may be found in a number of different types of work or industries. <br />Occupations focus on positions that require skills that may be used in a number of different work settings, allowing the individual with that skill set to move with relative ease from one industry to another as the need arises.<br /><ul><li>The basic premise of an occupation is a type of work or job that may be found in a number of different types of work or industries.
  5. 5. Occupations focus on positions that require skills that may be used in a number of different work settings, allowing the individual with that skill set to move with relative ease from one industry to another as the need arises.</li></li></ul><li>What is health?<br />"a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity“<br />World Health Organization (1984)<br />"a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity“<br />World Health Organization (1984)<br />
  6. 6. Defining wellbeing forPhysical | Mental | Social<br />Is the mind OK?<br />Is the interaction<br />with society OK?<br />SOCIETY<br />Is the body OK?<br />
  7. 7. Defining wellbeing forPhysical | Mental | Social<br />
  8. 8. What is occupational health?<br />Wikipedia - a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment<br />World Health Organization- is the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations by preventing departures from health, controlling risks and the adaptation of work to people, and people to their jobs.<br /><ul><li>Wikipedia - a cross-disciplinary area concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment
  9. 9. World Health Organization - is the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations by preventing departures from health, controlling risks and the adaptation of work to people, and people to their jobs.</li></li></ul><li>The aims of occupational health<br />Promote physical, mental & social well being.<br />Maintain physical, mental & social well being.<br />Prevent health problems in the work place.<br />Protect workers from factors adverse to health<br />Workplace should be in physical and mental sync <br />The work itself should be in physical & mental sync<br /><ul><li>Promote physical, mental & social well being.
  10. 10. Maintain physical, mental & social well being.
  11. 11. Prevent health problems in the work place.
  12. 12. Protect workers from factors adverse to health
  13. 13. Workplace should be in physical and mental sync
  14. 14. The work itself should be in physical & mental sync</li></li></ul><li>General issues<br />
  15. 15. General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />
  16. 16. General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />~ 2030 kcal<br />Canteen<br />
  17. 17. General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />Washing<br />Smell<br />Preparation<br />of Food<br />
  18. 18. General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />~ 7 – 8 Hours<br />Overtime<br />Salary Scale<br />
  19. 19. General Considerations<br />Nutrition<br />Hygiene<br />Sleep<br />Vision<br />Mobility<br />Deformities<br />Disabilities<br />
  20. 20. Specific issues<br />
  21. 21. What is occupational disease?<br />“occupational diseases as any disease contracted as a result of an exposure to risk factors arising from work activities.”<br />The Protocol of 2002 to the Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No.155), ILO<br />
  22. 22. What is an occupational accident?<br />Anunexpected and unplanned occurrence, including acts of violence, arising out of or in connection with work which results in one or more workers incurring a personal injury, disease or death;<br />as occupational accidents are to be considered travel, transport or road traffic accidents in which workers are injured and which arise out of or in the course of work, i.e. while engaged in an economic activity, or at work, or carrying on the business of the employer;<br /><ul><li>An unexpected and unplanned occurrence, including acts of violence, arising out of or in connection with work which results in one or more workers incurring a personal injury, disease or death;
  23. 23. as occupational accidents are to be considered travel, transport or road traffic accidents in which workers are injured and which arise out of or in the course of work, i.e. while engaged in an economic activity, or at work, or carrying on the business of the employer;</li></li></ul><li>How important is it globally?<br />Occupational risk factors:<br />Chemical risk factors: 100,000 (Carcinogens:400)<br />Biological agents: 200<br />Physical factors: 50<br />Adverse ergonomic conditions: 20<br />Allergens: 3000<br />Workers affected by occupational accidents or disease: 2,200,000<br />Incidents of occupational accidents: 270,000,000<br />Inicidents of occupations disease: 160,000,000<br />International Labor Office<br />
  24. 24. International Labor Organization List of communicable diseases<br />via Exposure<br />Chemical<br />Physical<br />Biological<br />Occupational cancer<br />Other diseases<br />2. by Target organ system<br />Respiratory diseases<br />Skin diseases<br />Musculoskeletal diseases<br />Mental & behavioral disorders<br />
  25. 25. Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Arsenic<br />Industries: Wood preservation, Glass production<br />Transmission: Air, water, food<br />Presentation: Vitamin A deficiency, blindness, headaches, confusion, drowsiness<br />
  26. 26. Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Mercury<br />Industries: Medical, Bulbs, Batteries, Explosives<br />Transmission: Air, water, food<br />Presentation: Tingling sensation in skin, pinkish skin, excessive sweating<br />
  27. 27. Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Lead<br />Industries: Lead miners, paint, plumbing, plastic<br />Transmission: Air, water, food, soil<br />Presentation: Pale, constipation, metallic taste in mouth<br />
  28. 28. Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Pesticides<br />Industries: Agriculture, Domestics, Factory<br />Transmission: Air, food, soil<br />Presentation: Difficulty breathing, salivation, multiple presentations<br />
  29. 29. Via Exposure - Physical<br />Noise<br />Vibration<br />Radiation<br />Extreme temperature<br />
  30. 30. Via Exposure - Biological<br />HIV | Hepatitis<br />Industries: Medical<br />Transmission: Blood<br />Presentation: Following a cut injury at work<br />Tetanus<br />Tuberculosis<br />
  31. 31. Via Exposure - Chemical<br />Rubber industry<br />Exposure: Chemicals<br />Diseases: Lung cancer, Bladder cancer<br />Tea industry<br />Exposure: Tea fluff<br />Diseases: Chronic bronchitis, Asthma<br />
  32. 32. by Target organ system – Respiratory System<br />Pneumoconiosis<br />Industries: Glass, Asbestos, Coal, Cotton<br />Transmission: Air<br />Presentation: Difficulty breathing<br />Asthma due to work allergens<br />
  33. 33. by Target organ system – Skin<br />Skin allergies<br />Industries: Exposure to allergy forming chemicals<br />Transmission: Skin<br />Presentation: Itching, redness<br />Vitiligo<br />
  34. 34. by Target organ system – Musculoskeletal System<br />Problems of posture<br />Problems of weight<br />Problems of pressure<br />Problems of exertion<br />
  35. 35. by Target organ system – Mental & Behavioral Disorders<br />Post-traumatic stress disorder<br />Industries: Any industry with exposure to physical or psychological trauma (Military)<br />Presentation: Flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia <br />
  36. 36. Occupational cancer<br />Asbestos<br />Types of cancer: Lung<br />Wood dust<br />Types of cancer: Lung<br />Coal<br />Types of cancer: Lung<br />
  37. 37. Our role<br />
  38. 38. The aims of occupational health<br />Promote physical, mental & social well being.<br />Maintain physical, mental & social well being.<br />Prevent health problems in the work place.<br />Protect workers from factors adverse to health<br />Workplace should be in physical and mental sync <br />The work itself should be in physical & mental sync<br /><ul><li>Promote physical, mental & social well being.
  39. 39. Maintain physical, mental & social well being.
  40. 40. Prevent health problems in the work place.
  41. 41. Protect workers from factors adverse to health
  42. 42. Workplace should be in physical and mental sync
  43. 43. The work itself should be in physical & mental sync</li></li></ul><li>Our role<br />Promote physical, mental & social well being.<br />Books<br />Leaflets<br />Posters<br />Guest Speakers<br />Workshops<br />Competitions<br />Promote fitness<br />Staff Functions<br />
  44. 44. Our role<br />Maintain physical, mental & social well being.<br />Books<br />Leaflets<br />Posters<br />Guest Speakers<br />Workshops<br />Competitions<br />Promote fitness<br />Staff Functions<br />
  45. 45. Our role<br />Prevent health problems in the work place.<br />Ergonomics<br />Equipment<br />Maintenance of Equipment<br />Ventilation<br />Lighting<br />Overtime<br />
  46. 46. Our role<br />Protect workers from factors adverse to health<br />Protective gear<br />↓ shifts in ↑ risk areas<br />
  47. 47. Our role<br />Workplace should be in physical and mental sync<br />The work itself should be in physical & mental sync<br />Employee survey<br />Requirement analysis<br />
  48. 48. References<br /><ul><li>http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-an-occupation.htm
  49. 49. http://www.mbaknol.com/human-resource-management/the-concept-of-occupational-safety-and-health/
  50. 50. http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/convde.pl?R194
  51. 51. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_well-being
  52. 52. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/SOUTHASIAEXT/Resources/223546-1269620455636/6907265-1287693474030/LKA_Regional_Food_Prices.pdf
  53. 53. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_social_health
  54. 54. http://www.ecanadanow.com/health/2011/03/24/sleep-deprived-people-eat-more-according-to-study/
  55. 55. http://laborsta.ilo.org/applv8/data/c8e.html
  56. 56. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Sri_Lanka
  57. 57. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsenic_poisoning#Symptoms_of_arsenic_poisoning
  58. 58. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercury_poisoning</li></li></ul><li>References<br /><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead_poisoning#Signs_and_symptoms
  59. 59. http://www.articlesbase.com/diseases-and-conditions-articles/is-your-occupation-causing-vitiligo-4027640.html
  60. 60. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumoconioses
  61. 61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1475254/pdf/envhper00492-0035.pdf</li>
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