INTERNATIONAL TRADE
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  • 1. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 1 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 1 Let’s see… • Production Sharing • Trade in Services and developing countries • Trade and Marginalization Intra regional trade • Global sourcing
  • 2. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 2 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 2 Production Sharing • Production sharing is an agreement to share the production or extraction costs between 2 agreements. • This can be accomplished when 2 counties agree to allow certain raw materials are manufactured in to a finished product. • When successful, the company is permitted to use the money from produced oil to recover capital and operational expenditures. Known as “cost oil”.
  • 3. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 3 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 3 Cont.. • The remaining money is known as profit oil. • In some production sharing agreements changes in international oil prices rate can affect the company’s share of production. • Production sharing agreements can be beneficial to governments of countries that lack of expertise and capital to develop their resources and wish to attack foreign companies to do so.
  • 4. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 4 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 4 Trade in Services and developing countries • Trade in services take place between a producer and consumer that are in legal terms based in different countries or economies this is called international trade in services. • General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) 1. Cross border trade 2. Consumption abroad 3. Commercial presence 4. Presence of natural persons
  • 5. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 5 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 5 Cont.. • The contribution of service in world wide 70% in GDP (WTO). • FDI in the service sector reach some 70 Billion (World Investment Report 2012). • Innovation strategies also tend o promote trade in service.
  • 6. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 6 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 6 Challenges for developing countries desiring to enter international service market • Create a competitive location and a conductive business environment. • Ability to human capital & adequate skills. • Quality of institution and rule of law. • Protection and development of intangible assets and supportive environment for services innovation for expert enabling digital infrastructure in particular abilty to connect outward. • Movement of person • Efficiency of domestic regulation. • Efficiency of international agreements.
  • 7. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 7 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 7 Trade and marginalization • Trade - goods exchange economy, is to transfer the ownership of goods from one person by getting product or service in exchange from the buyer. • Marginalization – process in which groups of people are excluded by the wider society.
  • 8. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 8 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 8 Intra regional trade • Regional integration is a process in which states enter into a regional agreement in order to enhance regional cooperation through regional institutions and rules. • Intra regional trade refers to trade which focuses on economic exchange primarily between countries of the same region.
  • 9. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 9 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 9 Regional integration initiatives according to Van Longen have fulfill at least and important function • The strengthening of trade integration n the region. • The creation of an approprapriate enabling environment development for private sector. • the development of infrastructure program in support of economic growth and regional integration.
  • 10. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 10 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 10 Cont.. • The development of strong public sector institution and good governance. • The reduction of social exclusion and the development of an inclusive society. • Contribution to peace and security in the region. • The building of environment programs at the regional level. • The strengthening of the region’s interaction with other regions of the world.
  • 11. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 11 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 11 Intra regional trade – Asian aspect • “Catch – up” process through technology transfer. • China has become Asia’s expert hub for IRT rest of world. • SAARC Regional economic integration. • SAPTA it marked the onset of regional cooperation in the core area of trade.
  • 12. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 12 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 12 Global sourcing • Solution designed to improve operating efficiencies and bottom – line result for global organization with distributed operations across the country and around the world. • It involves integrating and coordinating common items, materials processes technologies designs and suppliers across the world wide.
  • 13. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 13 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 13 Global sourcing can be visualized as movement along 5 different levels International purchasing global sourcing Level-1 Level-2 Level-3 Level-4 Level-5 Domestic purchasing only Internation al purchasing only as needed Internation al purchasing as part of sourcing strategy Global sourcing strategies integrated across world wide location Global sourcing integrated across world wide locations and functional group
  • 14. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 14 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 14 Cont.. • Global sourcing is the practice of sourcing from the global market for goods and services. • It aims to exploit global efficiencies in the delivery of a product or services. • Common examples of globally sourced products or services include labor - intensive
  • 15. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 15 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 15 Reference
  • 16. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 16 Click here to download this powerpoint template : Green Floral Free Powerpoint Template For more : Powerpoint Template Presentations Page 16 The EndThe End Thank UThank U