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Sara Sara Presentation Transcript

  • A Biography of
  • James Baldwin (1924-1987) American Novelist, Essayist, Dramatist, and Social Critic
  • Early Life Born in Harlem in 1924 Was raised by his mother, Berdis, and his abusive step father, David He turned to books and writing as an escape from the abuse at home (Leeming 62) Wrote his first published work at age 12 (Standley) Became a minister at age 14 (Leeming 62)
  • Education Attended public elementary school in the city Graduated from DeWitt Clinton High School in 1942 Was encouraged by his teachers to pursue his writing talents (Leeming 62)
  • Personal Life Faced an inner struggle between religion and his writing, as well as difficulties of being black in a white society Was openly homosexual, and explored sexuality in his novel, Giovanni’s Room Became a major civil rights spokesman (Leeming 62)
  • Major Works Go Tell It on the Mountain (1953) Notes of a Native Son (1955) Giovanni’s Room (1956) Nobody Knows My Name (1961) Another Country (1962) The Fire Next Time (1963)
  • Awards Eugene F. Saxton Fellowship (1945) Rosenwald Fellowship (1948) Guggenheim Fellowship (1954) Partisan Review Fellowship (1956) National Institute of Arts and Letters grant (1956) Ford Foundation grant (1959) National Conference of Christinas and Jews Brotherhood Award (1962) George Polk Award (1963) Foreign Drama Critics Award (1964) Elected, National Institute of Arts and Letters (1964) (Standley)
  • Late Life and Death Taught at several American colleges in the 1980s after falling ill Died of cancer in France in 1987 Just Above My Head was his last novel, written in 1979 (Leeming 62)
  • How Baldwin’s Life ImpactedHis Works Many parallels can be drawn between his stories and his life Reflections of Baldwin can be seen in his characters His works involve issues such as racial conflict, which Baldwin experienced himself Religion is present in his stories, which was an important part of his own life
  • Works CitedLeeming, David. "James Baldwin (1924-1987)." Benets Readers Encyclopedia of American Literature(1991): 62. Literature Resource Center. Web. 9 Jul 2012.Standley, Fred. "James (Arthur) Baldwin." Dictionary of Literary Biography 2. (1978): n.pag. Literature Resource Center. Web. 9 Jul 2012.