Rightscale webinar-key-design-considerations-private-hybrid-clouds
 

Rightscale webinar-key-design-considerations-private-hybrid-clouds

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  • Good morning, folks. Welcome again to this webinar...I am utpalthakrar, product manager for cloud integration.. One of my areas of focus has been around private and hybrid cloud..Today we will talk about, u guessed it, private and hybrid clouds..
  • Good morning, folks. Welcome again to this webinar...I am utpalthakrar, product manager for cloud integration.. One of my areas of focus has been around private and hybrid cloud..Today we will talk about, u guessed it, private and hybrid clouds..
  • Old school DatacentersRacks of physical nodes, one application per nodeIt’s all we knew, it worked, and it was fine.Virtualization – The Early YearsCapability of a node outgrew the needs of any single applicationLots of idle resources on each nodeVirtualization provided the ability to have a many-to-one (servers per node) relationshipThis was betterCloudification (Virtualization grows up)Automated provisioning and management via an API appearsThis is much, much better
  • Good morning, folks. Welcome again to this webinar...I am utpalthakrar, product manager for cloud integration.. One of my areas of focus has been around private and hybrid cloud..Today we will talk about, u guessed it, private and hybrid clouds..
  • RightScale conducted this survey earlier this spring with about 600+ participants from various industries big and small and various technical to business roles. Overall, about 77% expressed interest in using multiple clouds within the next 12 months. Of which, 47% expressed interest in using hybrid cloud
  • Good morning, folks. Welcome again to this webinar...I am utpalthakrar, product manager for cloud integration.. One of my areas of focus has been around private and hybrid cloud..Today we will talk about, u guessed it, private and hybrid clouds..
  • Workload and Infrastructure InteractionApplications have different resource needsChoose the right fit for your application and your infrastructureSecurityData may be contained within the private cloud, thus allowing for stricter security complianceLatencyConsumers of the private cloud resources are generally “closer” to the private cloud, which reduces latencyUser ExperienceRelated to latency, end user experience is enhanced due to proximity to resources.CostOPEX is generally reduced. (CAPEX is another story )
  • When private cloud resources are exhausted, a server tier expands into the public cloud to tap into the “infinite” resourcesConsiderations:Security – public Internet is traversedLatency – traversal of public Internet involves the Great UnknownCost – bandwidth charges for public Internet traversalComplexity – setting up a secure environment is not a trivial taskWe will explore use-cases for hybrid cloud
  • Good morning, folks. Welcome again to this webinar...I am utpalthakrar, product manager for cloud integration.. One of my areas of focus has been around private and hybrid cloud..Today we will talk about, u guessed it, private and hybrid clouds..
  • Considerations:Security – public Internet is traversedLatency – traversal of public Internet involves the Great UnknownCost – bandwidth charges for public Internet traversalComplexity – setting up a secure environment is not a trivial task
  • Brian
  • Good morning, folks. Welcome again to this webinar...I am utpalthakrar, product manager for cloud integration.. One of my areas of focus has been around private and hybrid cloud..Today we will talk about, u guessed it, private and hybrid clouds..
  • Various open source / commercially supported cloud orchestration platforms available.OpenStack and CloudStack are the two leading platforms we recommend.They both have flexible options, typically support various hypervisors
  • Good morning, folks. Welcome again to this webinar...I am utpalthakrar, product manager for cloud integration.. One of my areas of focus has been around private and hybrid cloud..Today we will talk about, u guessed it, private and hybrid clouds..
  • Hardware ProcurementPre-existing or new?Pre-existing limits ability to tailor infrastructure to workloadsCloud Infrastructure SoftwareThis decision will dictate/limit many future decisionsResearch options, and choose wisely!Cloud TopologyZones, regions, storage allocation, HA considerations, etc.Build or BuyUse in-house resources if expertise existsThird-party resourcesBuild using existing resourcesBuild using new preconfigured hardwareDesign – Design for HA, use uniform hypervisor, Network is a key consideration – switching from basic zone or FlatDHCP to advanced zone or quantum isn’t that simple.. Make use of hypervisors uniformly..Compute density is key factor in capacot planning.. You will need to incorporate physical CPU cores, RAM, oversubscription ration and instance storage.. Storage options, object storage, block storageScalability and HA of the cloud itself – controller nodes, api end point redundancy, Automate – crowbar, chef, puppet, fuel etcMonitoring – Is usually an after thought but it shouldn’t be.. It is important to establish so,etrendig so that you can forecast capacity and plan accordingly
  • Understand your workloadMonitorBe ready to grow or cloud burst
  • Understand your workloadMonitorBe ready to grow or cloud burstAutomate
  • Monitor how your app is using the cloud and automate..Spare capacity or cloud bursting.Automation plan – if a host goes down, it needs to get up..
  • This is around configuring the cloud itself.. Separating tenant, dividing resources, projects..
  • If both go down, u have no where to go..if the disaster hits management, u still have the app,if the disaster hit app u can execute on DR scenarios..
  • If both goes down, u have no where to go..if the disaster hits management, u still have the app,if the disaster hit app u can execute on DR scenarios..
  • If both goes down, u have no where to go..if the disaster hits management, u still have the app,if the disaster hit app u can execute on DR scenarios..

Rightscale webinar-key-design-considerations-private-hybrid-clouds Rightscale webinar-key-design-considerations-private-hybrid-clouds Presentation Transcript

  • #rightscaleKey Design Considerations forPrivate and Hybrid CloudsWatch the video of this presentation
  • #2#rightscaleYour Panel TodayPresenting• Utpal Thakrar, Sr. Product Manager, RightScale• Ryan Geyer, Cloud Solutions Engineer, RightScaleQ&A• Cory Smith, Account Manager, RightScalePlease use the “Questions” windowto ask questions as any time!
  • #3#rightscaleAgenda• Definitions and terminology• Infrastructure evolution• Why would you build a private cloud?• Use cases + demo• Hardware and software considerations• Best practices for design and implementation• Conclusion/Q&A
  • #rightscaleTerminology: Quick Recap
  • #5#rightscaleTerminologyVirtualization• Division of one physical server into multiple isolated virtual environmentsPublic Cloud• Hosted by cloud provider• On-demand, pay-as-you-go, accessible via APIPrivate Cloud• Typically single-tenant• Hosted on-premises or co-lo facilityHybrid Cloud• Spans more than one private or public clouds• Extending the definition to include private virtualized environments
  • #6#rightscaleInfrastructure EvolutionOld SchoolData CenterVirtualizationEarly daysEarly “Cloudification” Sophistication andSex appeal20th century 2000 2006 Present day
  • #rightscaleState of the Cloud Report
  • #8#rightscaleRightScale State of the Cloud Report 2013• 625 respondents from various industry segments• Equal representation from large enterprises and SMBsComplete report available athttp://www.rightscale.com/lp/state-of-the-cloud-report.phpSource: April 2013 RightScale State of the Cloud Report
  • #rightscaleWhy Do You NeedPrivate or Hybrid Cloud?
  • #10#rightscaleWhy would you build a private cloud?• Workload and infrastructure interaction• Security / Regulation / Compliance• Latency• User experience• Cost over a longer time horizonAnd of course, agility…
  • #11#rightscaleBuild with an end in mind
  • #12#rightscaleWhen would you need a hybrid or multi-cloud?• What if your application outgrows the private cloud?• Common desire is for “cloud-bursting”• Regulation / Compliance for parts of the application• Most common:• Multiple clouds used by different parts of the same organization fordifferent applications, with each app in one cloud
  • #rightscaleUse Cases
  • #14#rightscaleUse Case: Untested Workloads• Scalable applications with uncertain demand• Public cloud used as “proving ground” for new applications• If applications fail, they are allowed to run their course in thepublic cloud until they are end-of-lifed• If an application gains traction, it remains in the public cloudduring its growth phase• When stability of workload is reached, the application istransitioned into the private cloud
  • #15#rightscaleUse Case: Hybrid Cloud BurstingPRIVATE CLOUD PUBLIC OR PRIVATE CLOUDLOAD BALANCERSAPP SERVERSMASTER DATABASESLAVE DATABASEOBJECT STORAGEAPP SERVERSPUBLICINTERNETCloud Bursting
  • #16#rightscaleUse Case: HA / DR using Hybrid Cloud (Demo)• Production environment in one cloud• DR environment in a second cloud• Most common configuration is the “Warm DR” scenario• Replicating slave in a second cloud• All other servers in non-operational state• Failure of production environment requires promotion of slave tomaster, launching of “standby” servers, and DNS reassignment
  • #17#rightscaleUse Cases: IT Vending Machine (Demo)• Users select one of several preconfigured tech stacks• Isolated dev/test environments
  • #18#rightscaleRackConnect, Direct Connect, Hybrid for Metro Area• Rackspace uses RackConnect between RAX dedicated hostingprivate cloud and RAX public cloud• Amazon uses Direct Connect between private clouds and AWSAZs• Both offer low-latency, secure connectivity• The catch is – your private cloud needs to be “near” the publiccloud
  • #rightscaleHardware and SoftwareConsiderations
  • #20#rightscaleHardware Considerations• Compute• Commodity• Allows for easy addition of capacity• Easy swap-out of failed components• High end/specialized• May be required for intended workloads• Limits available options• Increases costs• Complicates maintenance• Networking• Driven by topology, latency demands, and price• Some cloud infrastructure software offerings have support for networkhardware devices (load balancers in particular)• Storage• Cost vs. Performance (commodity? SSD?, etc.)
  • #21#rightscaleSoftware Considerations• Cloud Infrastructure Software• CloudStack, OpenStack (Rackspace Private) etc.• Open source with commercial support• Access to resources• Web interface• API• Documentation• Industry talent pool• Hypervisor• Baremetal
  • #22#rightscaleFinding a home for your cloudVarious options, although, trade-offs with each decision• On-premises• You are responsible for facility, power, network, operations• You get full access, physical security, secure access for your internalusers• Co-location facility• Co-lo provider takes the headache of operations and physical aspects• You would need to have managed service to go with co-lo, to make itpractical• Hosting facility adjacent to a public cloud
  • #rightscaleImplementation Process
  • #24#rightscaleImplementation Process• Design• Know the workload / performance requirements• Keep HA in mind• Capacity Planning• Monitor and Automate• Access Control• Manage• Test (and test again)
  • #25#rightscaleDesign: High-availability optionsNo HA or Redundancy HA ConfigurationSimple Complex
  • #26#rightscaleOpenStack Infrastructure HA (example)Several single points of failure in OpenStack deployment• OpenStack API services• MySQL• RabbitMQSolved in various ways• Pacemaker cluster management• Keepalived (e.g: RAX Private Cloud)• MySQL (Galera), RabbitMQ (active-active mirrored queues)Eliminate SPoFs as best as you can.
  • #27#rightscaleDesign: Network Options• OpenStack• FlatDHCP – Typical for single tenant• VLAN manager – Typical for multi-tenant env• CloudStack• Basic Zone – Typical for single tenant• Advanced Zone – Typical for multi-tenant env
  • #28#rightscaleDesign: Capacity Planning – it’s simple!• Don’t have a blank check backed by limitless funds or perfectlyclear expectations from your user that never change? Well, youneed capacity planning!• Capacity planning is also budget planning and is directly relatedto SLA you offer• Know your workload, determine the difference between spikeand trend• Monitor, tweak capacity, rinse, repeat …• Check out http://www.planforcloud.com
  • #29#rightscaleMonitor and Automate• Understand your workload• Number of VMs requested• Allocated CPU, Memory, Disk capacity• Actual utilization of resources• Monitor using tools like Gaglia + Nagios• Hypervisor hosts• VM containers• Resources consumed by the app• Automate• Chef, Puppet, Fuel etc..
  • #30#rightscaleAccess Control and Tenant Management• Each cloud platform is slightly different but follows similarprinciples• Most clouds have option of integrating with existingauthentication and authorization system
  • #31#rightscaleSeparate Management Layer from Infrastructure• Keep the keys to the car outside the car
  • #32#rightscaleSeparate Management Layer from Infrastructure• Connect your private / hybrid cloud to RightScale• Abstracts underlying details of the cloud infrastructure offerings• Presents consistent interface to the available resources regardless of theunderlying infrastructure provider• Provides a cloud-portable solution• Provides orchestration tools for provisioning and management
  • #33#rightscaleAlways keep the application in mind!
  • #34#rightscaleSummary/Conclusions• Private (and therefore hybrid) clouds were originally thought ofas an academic exercise or science project• Recent advances (particularly in cloud infrastructure software)have shown private and hybrid clouds to be viable IT deliverymodels• Many considerations come into play• Design• Hardware• Software• Implementation Details• No “one size fits all”• Do your research. Find the right fit.Contact RightScale(866) 720-0208sales@rightscale.comwww.rightscale.com