The UN-REDD initiative


Published on

Charles McNeill, Environment Program Team Manager and Biodiversity Conservation & Poverty Reduction Advisor, UNDP

Published in: Technology
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • The UN-REDD initiative

    1. 1. The UN REDD Programme What Are the Principles & Mechanisms to Ensure the Protection and Strengthening of Rights? Rights, Forests & Climate Change Conference Oslo, Norway, 1 6 Oct 2008 Charles McNeill, UNDP on behalf of FAO & UNEP
    2. 2. Background on the UN REDD Programme
    3. 3. ORIGIN OF UN REDD <ul><li>In response to: </li></ul><ul><li>UNFCCC Decision in Bali 2/CP.13 </li></ul><ul><li>Requests from governments in the Coalition for Rainforest Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Requests from other governments – and UN Secretary General -- for joint UN action – “Delivering as One UN” </li></ul>
    4. 4. ORIGIN OF UN REDD <ul><li>Dec 07 - UNFCCC COP 13 – Initial discussions among FAO, UNDP, UNEP (Bali) </li></ul><ul><li>Jan-Feb 08 – More discussions among agencies & agreement on collaboration and creation of ‘multi-donor trust fund’ (MDTF) </li></ul><ul><li>Mar 08 – Coalition for Rainforest Nations invites FAO, UNDP, UNEP to support them, in collaboration with WB’s FCPF (Berlin) </li></ul><ul><li>May-Jun 08 - Numerous consultations with potential pilot countries, UNFCCC, WB FCPF, GEF, potential donors </li></ul><ul><li>Jul 08 –MDTF signed by 3 agencies/Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Mar-Oct 08 – Initial discussions with IPs & local communities (UNPFII, CSD, CBD COP9, WCC, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>24 Sept 08 - Official Launch of UN REDD by UN SG & Norway’s Prime Minister </li></ul>
    5. 5. UN REDD’S ADDED VALUE <ul><li>‘ All Hands On Deck’ : Challenge of REDD will require everything we can give to it! </li></ul><ul><li>UN Agencies Bring Unique Capacities to REDD : FAO,UNDP, UNEP strengths complement World Bank, GEF and others </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of Approaches : Assist forest countries and international community gain experience with a range of risk management formulae and payment structures </li></ul>
    6. 6. KEY PRINCIPLES <ul><li>Country-driven programmes (one national REDD program that builds on existing processes of UNFCCC, World Bank, GEF, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration activities to contribute to a successful post-2012 UNFCCC process </li></ul><ul><li>Delivering as “One UN” </li></ul>
    7. 7. INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS <ul><li>Utilizing UN Country Team mechanisms and UN national programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Building on comparative advantages of FAO, UNDP, and UNEP </li></ul><ul><li>Using well-established “Multi-Donor Trust Fund” modality </li></ul>
    8. 8. GLOBAL SUPPORT FUNCTIONS <ul><li>UN REDD will support: </li></ul><ul><li>D evelopment and testing of standards, methods and guidelines for assessment, monitoring, accounting, reporting and verifying (e.g. M&V workshop Sept 08) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing between countries </li></ul><ul><li>Other global functions where we can provide a useful role (e.g. REDD awareness, data availability & interpretation, co-benefits? Coordinated with WB) </li></ul>
    9. 9. COUNTRY SUPPORT FUNCTIONS <ul><li>UN REDD will support demonstration activities and capacity building for: </li></ul><ul><li>REDD dialogue and consultations </li></ul><ul><li>REDD assessment and monitoring (data collection and management, reporting, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>National REDD strategy development (readiness strategies, needs assessments, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>REDD payment structuring and distribution options </li></ul>
    10. 10. CRITERIA FOR PHASE I PILOT COUNTRIES <ul><li>Request for Quick Start action </li></ul><ul><li>Existing collaboration with UN partners in related areas for rapid progress </li></ul><ul><li>Emission reduction potential </li></ul><ul><li>Degree of REDD readiness potential </li></ul><ul><li>Regional, biome and socio-economic representation </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination with international REDD initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership potential in sub-regional experience sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to contribute experiences to UNFCCC negotiations and development of REDD mechanisms </li></ul>
    11. 11. PHASE I PILOT COUNTRIES <ul><li>Africa : Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>Asia & Pacific : Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America & Caribbean : Bolivia, Panama, Paraguay </li></ul>
    12. 12. COORDINATION WITH OTHER REDD-RELATED INITIATIVES <ul><ul><ul><li>Framework for cooperation with World Bank’s FCPF (at global & national levels) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GEF Tropical Forest Account </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World Bank’s Forest Investment Program (FIP) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bilateral programs (Australia’s IFCI, Germany, UK, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Principles and Mechanisms to Ensure Protection and Strengthening of Rights
    14. 14. PRINCIPLES & MECHANISMS <ul><ul><ul><li>UN Mandate for 3 Pillars: Development, Peace and Security, Human Rights & SG’s current focus on mainstreaming Human Rights into UN’s work (2005) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (2002) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UN Development Group (UNDG) Guidelines, Action Plan & Resource Kits on UN Declaration & Indigenous Peoples Issues (2008) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UNDP Policy on Engagement with Indigenous Peoples (2001) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UNDP CSO Advisory Committee and Liaison Committee on Indigenous Peoples (2001-2008) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. UN’s Commitment and Work on Governance and Local Empowerment
    16. 16. GOVERNANCE AND LOCAL EMPOWERMENT WORK <ul><ul><ul><li>UN REDD may be recent, but body of work underpinning it is not … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Governance’ as UNDP’s primary Practice Area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oslo Governance Centre </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support for CSOs and Local Empowerment since 1987 (PDP, Africa 2000, LIFE, etc) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Local Empowerment’ as Pillar of UNDP’s Environment & Energy Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UNDP-GEF Small Grants Programme, Equator Initiative, Community Water Initiative, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FAO and UNEP could tell similar story. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. IP & Local Community Consultation Process for UN REDD: What Have We Heard and How We Plan to Proceed
    18. 18. INFORMAL CONSULTATIONS HELD SO FAR <ul><ul><ul><li>7 th UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (Apr 08, UN HQ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>16 th UN Commission on Sustainable Development (May 08, UN HQ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of the Parties (May 08, Bonn) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forum on Readiness (May, Jun, Aug, WDC, Bonn, Ghana) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>World Conservation Congress (Oct 08, Barcelona) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 19. MESSAGES HEARD SO FAR (IP & COMMUNITY INPUT) <ul><ul><ul><li>Need for access to information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uncertainty around mechanism for IP inclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural disconnect around monetization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fear of further marginalization (e.g. biofuels, little benefit from CDM) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skepticism around market mechanism incentives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need for non-market-based REDD mechanisms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need for consideration of retroactive benefits </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. MESSAGES HEARD SO FAR (OTHER STAKEHOLDERS) <ul><ul><ul><li>Country’s governance capacity is key to success or failure of REDD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experience (SFM, PAs, PES, etc) should inform REDD process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge of rising commodity prices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IP inclusion in REDD may reduce risks from business perspective </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developing countries with already low deforestation rates need to benefit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need for collaborative approach with local communities and IPs </li></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 21. UPCOMING GLOBAL IP / CSO CONSULTATION ON UN REDD <ul><ul><ul><li>Baguio City, Philippines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12-14 November 2008 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organized by UNU, SCBD, Tebtebba and UN REDD </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Your Guidance Needed on These Issues
    23. 23. LESSONS FROM YOUR EXPERIENCE <ul><ul><ul><li>What is important to you vis a vis UN REDD? What concerns do you have? What mistakes should we be sure to avoid? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What additional principles, standards, guidelines, approaches, should UN REDD adopt? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are you counting on UN REDD to do or deliver? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What experience with other forest finance-related activities should inform us? (both good and bad practice) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. MAKING REDD WORK <ul><ul><ul><li>What mechanisms / processes to follow for national level stakeholder consultations? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to ensure legitimate representation in consultations? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to ensure CSO representation on UN REDD Policy Board </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to monitor if REDD or UN REDD is working for CSOs? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What recourse if civil society undermined by REDD or UN REDD? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What role for UN REDD in facilitating/mediating IP/civil society-government dialogue? </li></ul></ul></ul>