National Adaptation Plan The Role of Land Rights Land use Map of Nepal
Nepal Has Proposed  Some Adaptation Strategies <ul><li>Agriculture (Land use) </li></ul><ul><li>Water Resources (Energy) <...
How to Strengthen Adaptation? <ul><li>Handing over National Forests to Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Land Reform in Privat...
Forest Tenure Reform <ul><li>Communities have Access, Use and Management Rights over forests </li></ul><ul><li>More than 3...
Forest Tenure............Cont.. <ul><li>Sustainable Forest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Communities can spend the income o...
Natural Resource Governance <ul><li>CF, Leasehold Forests and Buffer Zone Management by communities and Income generation ...
Increasing Resiliency <ul><li>Developing methodologies and tools to adapt to Fragility, Marginality, and Vulnerability </l...
Increase Resiliency....Cont.. <ul><li>Increase the organizational flexibility and resiliency of right holders at multiple ...
Enhancing Community Capacity <ul><li>Making aware about equal rights of users over forests, products and services </li></u...
Access to Information and Impact <ul><li>Provision of information to communities </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of vulne...
Other Options <ul><li>Present three years development plan focuses on development of marginal areas and communities </li><...
 
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Kanel National Adaptation Plan Role Of Land Rights Keshav Kanel Oct 2008

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Kanel National Adaptation Plan Role Of Land Rights Keshav Kanel Oct 2008

  1. 1. National Adaptation Plan The Role of Land Rights Land use Map of Nepal
  2. 2. Nepal Has Proposed Some Adaptation Strategies <ul><li>Agriculture (Land use) </li></ul><ul><li>Water Resources (Energy) </li></ul><ul><li>Forests and Biodiversity (Tourism) </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating sectors/plans/policies to climate change concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to MDG, CDM, ILO 169 and REDD </li></ul><ul><li>GoN aims to maintain 40% of land under forests </li></ul>
  3. 3. How to Strengthen Adaptation? <ul><li>Handing over National Forests to Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Land Reform in Private Land </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Natural Resources Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Access to Quality Information and Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing community capacity to adapt </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Resiliency </li></ul>
  4. 4. Forest Tenure Reform <ul><li>Communities have Access, Use and Management Rights over forests </li></ul><ul><li>More than 35% of National Forests Handed over to about 40% of HHs </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive and Equitable Representation, and Benefit Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Generate $10 million per year </li></ul><ul><li>Working with the WB on FCPF (REDD Readiness Plan Preparation) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Forest Tenure............Cont.. <ul><li>Sustainable Forest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Communities can spend the income on Livelihood, Education, Infrastructure etc </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Products and Services Provide Resiliency and flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>CF meetings provide forum for information sharing on vulnerabilities and their adaptation Options </li></ul>
  6. 6. Natural Resource Governance <ul><li>CF, Leasehold Forests and Buffer Zone Management by communities and Income generation </li></ul><ul><li>Government as Facilitator, and Communities as Resource Manager </li></ul><ul><li>De facto and De jure Rights of Communities over forests overlap </li></ul><ul><li>Authority and Liability Defined </li></ul>
  7. 7. Increasing Resiliency <ul><li>Developing methodologies and tools to adapt to Fragility, Marginality, and Vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing options on livelihood (migration ,resettlement, changing cropping patters/spp., off-farm income). </li></ul><ul><li>Capturing the potentials of multiple forest products and services </li></ul>
  8. 8. Increase Resiliency....Cont.. <ul><li>Increase the organizational flexibility and resiliency of right holders at multiple levels through networking and social capital </li></ul><ul><li>Improve ecological resiliency through stand and landscape level forest management (corridors, connectivity, patch dynamics, hydrological cycle, nutrient recycling) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Enhancing Community Capacity <ul><li>Making aware about equal rights of users over forests, products and services </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance their negotiation capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance capacity to organize themselves and manage forests and funds </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring equitable and inclusive decision making and benefit Sharing </li></ul>
  10. 10. Access to Information and Impact <ul><li>Provision of information to communities </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of vulnerable sites </li></ul><ul><li>Using indigenous knowledge on copping strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminating information on community rights over the resources </li></ul><ul><li>Aware them about Forest services (CDM and REDD mechanism), and the payment </li></ul>
  11. 11. Other Options <ul><li>Present three years development plan focuses on development of marginal areas and communities </li></ul><ul><li>Governance from centralized to Federal Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Present budget emphasizes the rights of socially excluded groups over resources (allocation of resource to senior citizens, education, health and marginal areas and groups) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on hydro-electricity generation, but the rights and role of local people ? </li></ul><ul><li>Land reform and distribution of surplus land </li></ul><ul><li>REDD, deep Red and pink Red </li></ul>

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