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Kanel National Adaptation Plan Role Of Land Rights Keshav Kanel Oct 2008

Kanel National Adaptation Plan Role Of Land Rights Keshav Kanel Oct 2008






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    Kanel National Adaptation Plan Role Of Land Rights Keshav Kanel Oct 2008 Kanel National Adaptation Plan Role Of Land Rights Keshav Kanel Oct 2008 Presentation Transcript

    • National Adaptation Plan The Role of Land Rights Land use Map of Nepal
    • Nepal Has Proposed Some Adaptation Strategies
      • Agriculture (Land use)
      • Water Resources (Energy)
      • Forests and Biodiversity (Tourism)
      • Health
      • Integrating sectors/plans/policies to climate change concerns
      • Commitment to MDG, CDM, ILO 169 and REDD
      • GoN aims to maintain 40% of land under forests
    • How to Strengthen Adaptation?
      • Handing over National Forests to Communities
      • Land Reform in Private Land
      • Improving Natural Resources Governance
      • Access to Quality Information and Impacts
      • Enhancing community capacity to adapt
      • Increasing Resiliency
    • Forest Tenure Reform
      • Communities have Access, Use and Management Rights over forests
      • More than 35% of National Forests Handed over to about 40% of HHs
      • Inclusive and Equitable Representation, and Benefit Sharing
      • Generate $10 million per year
      • Working with the WB on FCPF (REDD Readiness Plan Preparation)
    • Forest Tenure............Cont..
      • Sustainable Forest Management
      • Communities can spend the income on Livelihood, Education, Infrastructure etc
      • Forest Products and Services Provide Resiliency and flexibility
      • CF meetings provide forum for information sharing on vulnerabilities and their adaptation Options
    • Natural Resource Governance
      • CF, Leasehold Forests and Buffer Zone Management by communities and Income generation
      • Government as Facilitator, and Communities as Resource Manager
      • De facto and De jure Rights of Communities over forests overlap
      • Authority and Liability Defined
    • Increasing Resiliency
      • Developing methodologies and tools to adapt to Fragility, Marginality, and Vulnerability
      • Increasing options on livelihood (migration ,resettlement, changing cropping patters/spp., off-farm income).
      • Capturing the potentials of multiple forest products and services
    • Increase Resiliency....Cont..
      • Increase the organizational flexibility and resiliency of right holders at multiple levels through networking and social capital
      • Improve ecological resiliency through stand and landscape level forest management (corridors, connectivity, patch dynamics, hydrological cycle, nutrient recycling)
    • Enhancing Community Capacity
      • Making aware about equal rights of users over forests, products and services
      • Enhance their negotiation capacity
      • Enhance capacity to organize themselves and manage forests and funds
      • Ensuring equitable and inclusive decision making and benefit Sharing
    • Access to Information and Impact
      • Provision of information to communities
      • Identification of vulnerable sites
      • Using indigenous knowledge on copping strategies
      • Disseminating information on community rights over the resources
      • Aware them about Forest services (CDM and REDD mechanism), and the payment
    • Other Options
      • Present three years development plan focuses on development of marginal areas and communities
      • Governance from centralized to Federal Structure
      • Present budget emphasizes the rights of socially excluded groups over resources (allocation of resource to senior citizens, education, health and marginal areas and groups)
      • Focus on hydro-electricity generation, but the rights and role of local people ?
      • Land reform and distribution of surplus land
      • REDD, deep Red and pink Red