International agreements and independent advisory groups


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by Arvind Khare, Director of Finance and Policy, Rights and Resources Initiative

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International agreements and independent advisory groups

  1. 1. International agreements and Independent Advisory Groups: Rationale and experience International agreements and Independent Advisory Groups: Rationale and experience by Arvind Khare “Rights, Forests and Climate Change” A joint conference convened by Rights and Resources Initiative & Rainforest Foundation Norway Oslo, Norway, 15-17 October 2008
  2. 2. Structure of Presentation <ul><ul><li>Trends in CS engagement with international processes and agreements; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiments with new structures of engagement – the forest sector </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implications for UNFCC and climate negotiations </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Dramatic Increase in CS Engagement with International Processes <ul><li>Numbers  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NGO accreditation with ECOSOC ↑ from <300 in 1972 during the Stockholm Conference to >3,100 in 2008 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shift from pure consultative status -> jointly defining agenda (UNCED) -> help in reaching consensus in difficult policy areas (reproductive health, women’s rights) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Areas of engagement  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From ECOSOC -> General Assembly -> Security Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A number of positives – also frustrations </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Experiments with New Structures of Engagement <ul><ul><li>Civil Society Advisory Group (ITTC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External Advisory Group on Forest Strategy Implementation (World Bank) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Civil Society Advisory Group (CSAG) <ul><li>Formal/Informal advisory group to the ITT Council since 2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel structure to the Trade Advisory Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance structure: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Co-Chairs: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 from Producer Countries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 from Consumer Countries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regional focal points: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asia (2) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Africa (2) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Latin America (1) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What Does CSAG DO? <ul><ul><li>Participate in negotiations of new ITTA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advise: provide recommendations at each Council (ITTC) Session </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize panels at ITTC Sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ad hoc activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advise partnership funds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hold special workshops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct special studies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What Has CSAG Influenced? <ul><ul><li>New ITTA is a substantial improvement over the previous one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITTO is reorganized to provide real, robust support to community forestry and policy reform: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Thematic Programs supporting pro-community projects: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ community forestry and enterprises” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ policy, tenure, regulatory reform” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New studies/activities in Biennial Work Plan (e.g.): </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A global review of forest tenure transitions and assessment of implications for conservation, production, trade and livelihoods </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rigorous analyses of policy frameworks for effective community management and enterprises </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New investment in capacity-building on community issues and projects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. External Advisory Group (EAG) to the World Bank <ul><ul><li>Came into existence with the ratification of new forest strategy of the Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consist of a core group of advisers from international organizations, research institutes, and client country governments, supported by a broader pool of experts and representatives from major stakeholder groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutually Agreed Governance Structure </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What Does EAG Do? <ul><li>Assists in guiding and evaluating implementation of the World Bank's forest strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regularly advise the President of the World Bank as to their views regarding the status of the forest program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Provide independent advice on major issues of implementation of the Bank’s new forest sector strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modus Operandi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review information, seek information, deliberate, recommend (in writing) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What Has EAG Influenced? <ul><ul><li>Improved oversight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved safeguards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-term correction to implementation strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Induction of outside inputs to Bank’s management </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Major Attributes of New Structures <ul><ul><li>Formal endorsement by intergovernmental body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-determined or mutually agreed governance structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutual sharing of timely information and analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaningful interaction and dialogue (both formal and informal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variety of methods employed – presentation in council sessions, written submissions, organization of special panels, joint workshops, new analysis, sponsored studies </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Results <ul><li>Improved agreements, safeguards, preventive measures </li></ul><ul><li>More responsive mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>More legitimacy in producer countries </li></ul><ul><li>Improved programming </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing collaboration and pro-active engagement on complex issues </li></ul>
  13. 13. Implications for UNFCC and Climate Negotiations <ul><ul><li>Complexity of climate change in forest areas demand the best available and credible information about the scientific, economic and social aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has played a significant role there has been no credible structure that brings together the social actors and captures the best information (official data is not reliable) and analysis on social dimensions of climate change and options to address them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social outcomes of the crisis and means to address climate change will play an equally significant role whether the world is able to deal with it . </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Recommendations <ul><li>Ad hoc and infrequent social inputs into national and international climate processes are inadequate to ensure effective action, risk exacerbating social tensions and do not allow for self-correction over time. It is imperative to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish civil society advisory process to guide, monitor and audit investments and actions at global levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish fully transparent and locally-led indigenous peoples and civil society consultation processes in forest countries to devise, guide and monitor national forest and climate strategies in forest countries </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Questions ? <ul><li>How to initiate this advisory process without supplanting any other existing process </li></ul><ul><li>Structure and function of these advisory processes at international and national levels </li></ul><ul><li>Modes of consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Interface with UNFCCC </li></ul>
  16. 16. Options/Way Forward <ul><li>Those assembled here should nominate a Group to follow up our recommendations (don’t let perfect be enemy of good, do not try to represent, totally transparent, plan to rapidly evolve) </li></ul><ul><li>This Group does not supplant any other civil society or community group working for similar objectives nor does it play a representational role. </li></ul><ul><li>In particular, this group does not represent Indigenous Peoples who have their rightful historical, moral and legal claims for representation in international arena </li></ul><ul><li>However working group would work closely with other civil society and Indigenous Peoples groups </li></ul>
  17. 17. Structure and Function <ul><li>Self-determined structure that encompasses as wide an array of social actors as possible without diluting its effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>The group should operate upstream of REDD and Carbon Funds, ideally as an advisory to UNFCCC </li></ul><ul><li>Main objective of the group is to ensure that mitigation and adaptation measures in post Kyoto climate regime respect and recognize forest peoples rights and benefits and have sufficient checks and balances to redress grievances </li></ul>
  18. 18. Method and Means <ul><li>Deliver </li></ul><ul><li>Develop specific advisories on key questions of negotiation process </li></ul><ul><li>Develop standards and norms for various funds </li></ul><ul><li>Make presentations before negotiation contact groups, REDD contact Group, UN REDD </li></ul><ul><li>Audit and present finding to fund managers </li></ul><ul><li>Means </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation with various social groups </li></ul><ul><li>Special studies on key questions (through credible institutions and individuals) </li></ul><ul><li>Round Table discussion with civil society actors on these studies and key questions </li></ul><ul><li>Annual meetings and audit (like Chatham House) </li></ul>
  19. 19. THANKS Strengthen People Fight Global Warming