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Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Kelsey Moore and Stephan Dohrn
Climate Change <ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul>Adaptation <ul><li>Within Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Raised awareness of cl...
Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International
Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International Property Rights Coordination International State Co llec tive  ...
Institutional Dimensions of Mitigation <ul><li>GHG Emission  Reduction —national  or international level cooperation </li>...
Institutional Dimensions of Mitigation <ul><li>Carbon Sequestration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CDM: Payments for Environmental ...
Adaptation within Agriculture <ul><li>Raised awareness of climate change on agriculture and resources </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International Property Rights Coordination International State Co llec tive  ...
Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International Property Rights Coordination International State Co llec tive  ...
Coping Strategies  <ul><li>Local safety nets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CA can be effective in delivery of safety nets, but don...
Disaster Management <ul><li>Early warning systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State   and CA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disaster pre...
Adaptation: Out of  Agriculture <ul><li>Occupational diversification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual, with state support ...
Conclusions <ul><li>Institutional diversity increases resilience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Range of local organizational forms...
Conclusions <ul><li>Harmonization between spheres and sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large overarching goals at the highest...
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Institutional Dimensions of Climate Change

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  • Transcript of "Institutional Dimensions of Climate Change"

    1. 1. Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Kelsey Moore and Stephan Dohrn
    2. 2. Climate Change <ul><li>Mitigation </li></ul>Adaptation <ul><li>Within Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Raised awareness of climate change on agriculture and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Community-based weather monitoring and forecasting </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and pest resistant crops </li></ul><ul><li>Out of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational diversification </li></ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Remittances </li></ul><ul><li>Coping Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Local safety nets </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management </li></ul><ul><li>Early warning systems </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster preparedness </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster and Emergency response </li></ul><ul><li>GHG Emission Reduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy diversification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations including Cap and Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carbon Sequestration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CDM: Payments for Environmental Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Emission Reductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Carbon Markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REDD </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International
    4. 4. Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International Property Rights Coordination International State Co llec tive Act ion
    5. 5. Institutional Dimensions of Mitigation <ul><li>GHG Emission Reduction —national or international level cooperation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy diversification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biofuels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulations including Cap and Trade—PR to pollute? </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Institutional Dimensions of Mitigation <ul><li>Carbon Sequestration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CDM: Payments for Environmental Services—PR , scale often prohibit smallholders from participating, CA can help overcome these barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Emission Reductions—role for CA? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Carbon Markets—may be more geared to smallholders because of goodwill, willing to work with groups rather than individuals? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REDD—will depend on how PR are defined for participation </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Adaptation within Agriculture <ul><li>Raised awareness of climate change on agriculture and resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role for CA in reaching farmers, links to larger institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community-based weather monitoring and forecasting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role for CA, links to larger institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Natural resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and pest resistant crops </li></ul>
    8. 8. Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International Property Rights Coordination International State Co llec tive Act ion Tree planting Forests Ponds Reservoirs Transboundary River Basins Watershed management Terracing
    9. 9. Time Short Long Space Plot Com-munity Nation International Property Rights Coordination International State Co llec tive Act ion New Seeds Seed supply Developing new varieties
    10. 10. Coping Strategies <ul><li>Local safety nets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CA can be effective in delivery of safety nets, but don’t idealize </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CA can manage idiosyncratic risk, but not covariate risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for higher level institutions </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Disaster Management <ul><li>Early warning systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State and CA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disaster preparedness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State and CA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disaster and Emergency response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State and CA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PR implications for rebuilding after disasters (who is compensated, do property boundaries shift) </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Adaptation: Out of Agriculture <ul><li>Occupational diversification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual, with state support and social networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Migration and remittances </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individual, with state support and social networks </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Conclusions <ul><li>Institutional diversity increases resilience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Range of local organizational forms for CA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range of property rights regimes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local institutions are critical, but no specific community level mandates: allow local organizations to select strategy compatible with their needs and context </li></ul><ul><li>Government policies, international mandates more effective if they established ecological and human rights standards, then support variety of institutional strategies </li></ul>
    14. 14. Conclusions <ul><li>Harmonization between spheres and sectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large overarching goals at the highest level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More detailed, task oriented programs at the national level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex programs at community levels tailored to diverse needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect community and higher level organizations </li></ul></ul>
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