Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Ms. g malayang   rights-based approach to gender
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Ms. g malayang rights-based approach to gender

460
views

Published on

Published in: Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
460
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Explain how these rights are part of various human rights documents that the Philippines is signatory to. Upholding these rights are important in clinic situations. The Right to LifeThis means, among other things, that no woman’s life should be put at risk by reason of pregnancy, gender or lack of access to health information and services. This also includes the right to having a safe and satisfying sex life.The Right to Liberty and Security of the PersonThis recognizes that no woman should be subject to forced pregnancy, sterilization or abortion. The Right to Equality, and to be Free from all Forms of DiscriminationThis includes, among other things, freedom from discrimination because of one’s sexuality and reproductive life choices.The Right to PrivacyMeaning that all sexual and reproductive health care services should be confidential in terms of physical set-up, information given or shared by the clients and access to records or reports.   The Right to Freedom of ThoughtThis includes freedom from the restrictive interpretation of religious texts, beliefs, principles and customs as tools to curtail freedom of thought on sexual and reproductive health care and other issues. The Right to Information and EducationIncludes access to full information on the benefits, risks, and effectiveness of all methods of fertility regulation, in order that all decisions taken are made on the basis of full, free and informed consent. The Right to Choose Whether or Not to Marry and to Found and Plan a FamilyThis includes the right of persons to protection against a requirement to marry without his/her consent. It also includes the right of individuals to choose to remain single without discrimination and coercion. The Right to Decide Whether or When to Have ChildrenThis includes the right of persons to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children and to have access to related information and education. The Right to Health Care and Health ProtectionThis includes the right of clients to the highest possible quality of health care, and the right to be free from harmful traditional health practices. The Right to the Benefits of Scientific ProgressThis includes the right of sexual and reproductive health service clients to available and new repro health technologies that are safe, effective and acceptable. The Right to Freedom of Assembly and Political ParticipationThis includes the right of all persons to seek to influence communities and governments to prioritize sexual and reproductive health and rights. The Right to Be Free From Torture and Ill-TreatmentThis includes the rights of all women, men and young people to protection from violence, sexual exploitation and abuse. The Right to DevelopmentThis includes the right of all individuals to access development opportunities and benefits, especially in decision-making processes that affect her/his life. Taken from a presentation on sexual and reproductive rights by Reproductive Rights Resource Group (3RG-Philippines)
  • What were the differences between you choice of scenario for the personal (first round choice) and for the professional (second round choice)?What if you were the client, and fit into one of those descriptionsWhat would you fear when you go to the clinic?What would you want from the health worker?What could the clinic do to help you the most?
  • Internal resources - self esteem, self confidence, ability to express one’s own interests. Economic resources – work, food, credit, money, social security, health insurance, child care facilities, housing, facilities to carry out domestic tasks, transport,equipment, health services technology and scientific developments. Political resources - positions of leadership and access to decision-makers; opportunities for communication, negotiation and consensus building; resources that help vindicate rights, such as legal resources. Social resources - community resources, social networks, membership in social organizations. Information/education - inputs to be able to make decisions to modify or change a situation, formal education, non-formal education, opportunities to exchange information and opinions. Time- hours of the day available to use as they choose flexible paid work hours. Power and decision-making - Having greater access to and control over resources usually makes men more powerful than women in any social group. This may be the power of physical force, of knowledge and skills, of wealth and income, or the power to make decisions because they are in a position of authority. Men often have greater decision-making power over reproduction and sexuality. Male power and control over resources and decisions is institutionalized through the laws and policies of the state, and through the rules and regulations of formal social institutions.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Module: Gender Dimensions of Family Planning and Reproductive Health
      REVIVING EVIDENCE–BASED FAMILY PLANNING IN MEDICAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN THE PHILIPPINES
    • 2. Training Objectives
      Locate gender in the overall reproductive health framework of the Department of Health
      Explain the gender concepts and how it affects the reproductive health of men and women
      Apply gender concepts in family planning
    • 3. Overview
      Session 1: Definitions
      Session 2: DOH Integrated RH Framework
      Session 3: Rights-Based Approach to RH and FP
    • 4. Reproductive Health
      A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its function and processes.
      (Source: ICPD, para 7.2, SPFA para 94, Beijing+5 Review Document 2000 p.25 )
    • 5. 10 elements of RH
      MCHN
      PMAC
      Fertility
      Management
      Infertility/
      Sexual
      Disorders
      STI/ HIV/
      AIDS
      SRH
      Sexual
      Health
      ARH
      Men’s
      Responsibilities
      / RH
      VAWC
      Cancers
      of the
      Repro. Tract
    • 6. Reproductive Health Care
      Encompasses all services including appropriate and relevant information provided to address the reproductive health needs of men and women.
      According to the DOH, the following are included in RH Care/ Services:
      Family planning services, counseling and information
      Prenatal, postnatal and delivery care including nutrition and health care for infants and children
      Treatment for reproductive tract infections including STIs/HIV/AIDS
      Management of abortion-related complications
      Prevention and appropriate treatment for infertility
      IEC on human sexuality, reproductive health, responsible parenthood
      Male involvement
      Violence against women and children
      Adolescent reproductive health
      Management and treatment of reproductive cancers
    • 7.
    • 8. What is a rights-based approach?
      A recognition that reproductive health is part of human rights
    • 9. 13 Sexual & Reproductive Health Rights
      The Right to Life
      The Right to Liberty and Security of the Person
      The Right to Equality, and to be Free from all Forms of Discrimination
      The Right to Privacy
      The Right to Freedom of Thought
      The Right to Information and Education
      The Right to Choose Whether or Not to Marry and to Found and Plan a Family
      The Right to Decide Whether or When to Have Children
      The Right to Health Care and Health Protection
      The Right to the Benefits of Scientific Progress
      The Right to Freedom of Assembly and Political Participation
      The Right to Be Free From Torture and Ill-Treatment
      The Right to Development
      Taken from a presentation on sexual and reproductive rights by
      Reproductive Rights Resource Group (3RG-Philippines)
    • 10. Sex and Gender Sessions
      Session 1: Gender & Sex
      Session 2: Gender Analysis
      Session 3: Integrating Gender and FP/RH
    • 11. Exercise: Sex and Gender(metacards)
      Because I am a (woman/man), I can….
      ____
      ____
      If I were a (man/woman), I could….
      ____
      ____
    • 12. Sex & Gender
    • 13. Sex & Gender
    • 14. Gender refers to “the economic, social, political and cultural attributes and opportunities associated with being male and female.” (DAC Guidelines for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Development Co-operation. OECD: Paris. 1998).
    • 15. Note…
      Gender Roles are NOT inborn; not biologically determined;
      But what is biological can be socially constructed to justify certain roles, responsibilities and activities (e.g., gender division of labor) and the values given to such roles (e.g., female labor is usually considered cheap, low-skilled)
      Gender influences the ways women and men are involved in different types of work, take up roles and obligations, acquire traits and behavioral patterns, are allocated opportunities and benefits and decision-making in private and public spheres.
    • 16. Gender and Health
      Gender differences and disadvantages in the field of health are manifested in the way:
      health and disease are distributed in a population
      health is promoted,
      disease is prevented and controlled,
      patients are cared for,
      models are adapted for structuring health social security systems
    • 17. Socialization of Gender
      Exercise: “Magpakalalaki Ka!; Kababae mong tao!”
    • 18. Gender Socialization Exercise
      KABABAE MONG TAO!
      MAGPAKALALAKI KA!
      Question: Anoangkailanganninyonggawin/dapatmaging, paramatawag kayo o mapatunayanna kayo ay isanglalaki/o babae? (Magsalitabilangisanganak, ama o ina, asawa, kapatid, lolo/lola, tiyo/tiya, at iba pa).
    • 19. Gender Socialization Exercise
      Who are the major influencers of actions both inside and outside the box? Who or what institutions ensure that a person acts like a man or a woman?
    • 20. SWS Survery: Trait of a “Real” Man?
      Responsible: 36 %
      Mabait: 9 %
      May paninindigan: 7 %
      Mapagmahal: 6 %
      Matapat: 5 %
      Hindi pabaya sa pamilya: 5 %
      Masipag: 5 %
      Word of honor: 3 %
      Maalaga: 3 %
      May takot sa diyos: 3 %
    • 21.
    • 22.
    • 23. Gender Socialization
      The process through which the individual learns and accepts roles is called socialization. Socialization works by encouraging wanted and discouraging unwanted behavior.
      Gender socialization refers to the learning of behavior and attitudes considered appropriate for a given sex. Boys learn to be boys and girls learn to be girls. This "learning" happens by way of many different agents of socialization. (Henslin, 1999)
    • 24. Stereotyping and Gender Biases: Exercise
      Statements: “Agree” “Disagree” “Neutral”
      Ok lang pagmahabaangbuhoknanglalaki, pero ang babae na nagpapakalbo ay masagwangtingnan.
      Angbabaengnakadamitat kumilosngsexy pagnarape ay kasalananniya.
      Hindi nausongayonangnagpapaupongbabaesa bus.
      Kasalananngbabaekapagtaon-taonsiyangnangaganak.
      Ok lang kung magkaroonngkabitanglalakipero kung angbabae ay may ibanglalaki, hindikatangap-tangap.
      Pagsumipolangmgalalakesababae, ibigsabihin appreciate nilaangkagandahanngbabae.
      Angamaanghaligingtahanan at angina ay angilaw.
      Under the sayaanglalakekapagsiya ay naglalaba, nagluluto at namamalengke.
      Badinganglalakekapag pink angkanyangsuot.
      Yung lalake na masyadongmalinissakatawanaybading.
      Karamihanngmga STIs ay nanpapalaganapngmgababae na ‘GRO’.
    • 25. Stereotyping and Gender Biases
      Gender Stereotypes: are qualities, attitudes, behaviors that are arbitrarily attributed to any particular sex.
      In line with these stereotypes, men are socialized to lead and dominate while women are socialized to follow and care for others.
      Lead to biases and double standards
    • 26. Stereotyping RH Clients and Gender Biases among Service Providers
      Exercise – In meta cards…
    • 27. Question 1: Which situation would be most difficult for you if you were that person?
      You are 16, currently 2nd place in your class, pregnant
      You are gay but in a party got a girl pregnant and the girl wants to marry you
      You are working in an entertainment establishment but regularly go out with customers who pay bar fines and pay you extra for sex. Now you have abdominal pains, foul smelling greenish to yellowish vaginal discharge and intensive itchiness
      You are pregnant with your 8th child. Your 7th child was born 14 months ago
      Your wife is pregnant with another man’s baby.
      You are a woman who wants an abortion
      You just learned you are HIV positive.
      You are a 32-year old married women with five children with multiple bruises on your thigh and upper arm
    • 28. Question 2: Which situation would be most difficult for you to counsel or treat?
      You are 16, currently 2nd place in your class, pregnant
      You are gay but in a party got a girl pregnant and the girl wants to marry you
      You are working in an entertainment establishment but regularly go out with customers who pay bar fines and pay you extra for sex. Now you have abdominal pains, foul smelling greenish to yellowish vaginal discharge and intensive itchiness
      You are pregnant with your 8th child. Your 7th child was born 14 months ago
      Your wife is pregnant with another man’s baby.
      You are a woman who wants an abortion
      You just learned you are HIV positive.
      You are a 32-year old married women with five children with multiple bruises on your thigh and upper arm
    • 29. Exercise, continued
      What were the differences between your choice of scenario for the personal (first round choice) and for the professional (second round choice)?
      What if you were the client, and fit into one of those descriptions
      What would you fear when you go to the clinic?
      What would you want from the health worker?
      What could the clinic do to help you the most?
    • 30. Manifestations of Gender Biases
    • 31. Gender Roles
      Productive: Comprises the work done by both women and men for payment in cash or kind.
      Reproductive: Comprises the childbearing/rearing responsibilities and domestic tasks required to guarantee the maintenance and well-being of household members. It includes not only biological reproduction but also the care and maintenance of the persons who comprise the household.
      Community Management Role: Comprises activities undertaken at the community level to contribute to the development or political organization of the community. It is usually voluntary, unpaid work. Women do community work that is maintenance in nature while men are usually policy-makers.
    • 32. Gender Roles Studies
      In the 2000 Pilot Time Use Survey (TUS) conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) for Batangas and Quezon City, results showed that for both areas, the number of hours spent by women on housework and child family care was higher than men, be it during weekdays or weekends.
      In fact, hours spent by women for housework was, on the average, twice as much as by men.
      This situation would of course mean less hours available to women to do other things such as engaging in economic activities.
    • 33. Gender Roles
      • Gender differential still remains as an issue in economic participation
      • 34. Economic participation - 80% for men versus 50% for women in 2006
      • 35. Employment rate - 74% for men versus 46% for women in 2005
    • Question
      What implication would women’s multiple roles and burdens have on family planning methods, service delivery?
    • 36. Gender Analysis: Access and Control of Resources
      Access – ability to use a resource
      Control – ability to define and make decisions about the use of a resource
      Resources: Internal, economic, political, social, information/education, time
      Power and Decision-making
    • 37. Access and Control Diagram
      (from WHO Training Curriculum, Gender and Rights in Reproductive Health)
      ACCESS AND CONTROL OVER
      Internal Resources
      Economic and Social Resources
      Political Resources
      Information/ Education
      Time
      POWER AND DECISION-MAKING
    • 38. Gender-responsive and Rights-Based Differences in RH and FP
      Results in:
      differential risks and vulnerabilities to infections and health conditions;
      different perceptions of health needs and appropriate forms of treatment;
      differential access to health services; different consequences or outcomes from disease; and,
      differing social consequences as a result of ill health.
    • 39. Gender and rights may influence health status in the following ways:
      exposure, risk or vulnerability
      nature, severity and frequency of health problems
      ways in which symptoms are perceived
      health seeking behavior
      access to health services
      ability to follow advised treatment
      long term social and health consequences.
    • 40. To end…
      Without fully appreciating the implications and impact of gender roles and relations, health practitioners will fail in their treatment of certain groups and individuals, and health planners will inadequately serve the total population.
    • 41. FOR EVERY WOMAN
      For every woman who is tired of acting weak when she knows she is strong,
      There is a man who is tired appearing strong when he feels vulnerable
      For every woman who is tired of acting dumb, There is a man burdened with the constant expectation of knowing everything.
    • 42. For every woman who is tired of being
      called an emotional female,
      There is a man who is denied the full
      right to weep and be gentle.
      For every woman who feels
      tied down by her children,
      There is a man who is denied
      the full pleasure of shared parenthood.
    • 43. For every woman who is denied meaningful employment and equal pay, There is a man who must bear the full financial responsibility for another human being.
      For every woman who has been taught the intricacies of an automobile, There is a man who was not taught.the
      satisfaction of cooking
    • 44. For every woman who takes a step
      towards her own liberation
      There is a man who finds the way to
      freedom has been made a little easier.
      Nancy Smith
    • 45. Thank You!

    ×