Aquaculture Production of Myanmar (For ASEAN Training Course  on Aquaculture Production) BY U Zaw Min ( Perennial Crops an...
River system  3 main  rivers system: Ayeyarwaddy  2170 km    and its tributary Chindwin    960 km Sittaung    298 km Thanl...
Introduction  <ul><li>An agricultural country </li></ul><ul><li>Ample of natural resources (land, water, labour etc.) </li...
Topography <ul><li>Nine different natural regions based on the topography </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Coastal strip </li></ul><u...
Climate <ul><li>Rainy :  May - October </li></ul><ul><li>Cool dry :  November - February </li></ul><ul><li>Summer :  March...
Population <ul><li>136 national races </li></ul><ul><li>Major races : Bamar, Chin, Kachin, Shan, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhin...
<ul><li>National policy on fishery sectors </li></ul><ul><li>To promote all-round development in the fisheries sector; </l...
<ul><li>Aquaculture </li></ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul><ul><li>Prawn/ Shrimp </li></ul><ul><li>Others (seaweed, clams, abalo...
<ul><li>(Thousand metric ton) 2008-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture   771.04 </li></ul><ul><li>Leasable fisheries 209.7 ...
Fishery Production (1996-97 to 2008-09) Unit - ’000 MT Year Total Culture Leasable Open Marine 1996-97 863.59 82.79 62.61 ...
Total, 3168.64 Total, 3542.24 Fishery Production (,000 MT) (2007-2008) (2008-2009)
<ul><li>Freshwater pond fish culture is major source of aquaculture production ; Rohu (  Labeo rohita  ) is the dominant s...
Rohu, Labeo rohita Common carp,  Cyprinus carpio Mrigal ,Cirrhinus mrigala   Barb, Puntius gonionotus Catfish,  Pangasius ...
Catfish, Clarias batrachus Spotted feather back ,Notopterus chitala Carplet, Rohtee alfrediana   Grass carp, Ctenophryngod...
Selective breeding of Rohu has initiated by Department of  Fisheries
Freshwater prawn , Macrobranchium rosembergii Black Tiger shrimp,  Penaeus monodon White shrimp,  Penaeus vannamei
 
Aquaculture
Aquaculture
(cage culture)
(cage culture)
Myanmar Exportable Aquarium Fishes
Soft-shell mud crab culture <ul><li>Mud crab ( Scylla spp .) </li></ul><ul><li>Become high price and high demand commodity...
Seaweed ( Eucheuma cottonii ) culture
<ul><li>In order to increase the fish production the following activities are recommended: </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation of...
<ul><li>Inland water bodies cover 8.2 million hectares consisting lakes, rives and reservoirs, that are producing more tha...
Inland fisheries consists of freshwater aquaculture and capture fisheries which is further divided into leasable fishery, ...
Natural Water (Rivers, riverlet, main  20.50 million acre    stream, lakes etc) 8.2 million hectare  Flooded Area 15.00  m...
Myanmar has a long coastal line of 2832 kilometer stretching from the Northernmost of Nerf River to Southernmost Victoria ...
Myanmar marine fishery production is about 1.679 million metrics ton in 2008. Majority of marine catch landed from coastal...
Management Measures <ul><li>Closed areas </li></ul><ul><li>Marine  – No trawling zone </li></ul><ul><li>- Rakhine five mil...
<ul><li>Closed season </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trawling   - June </li></ul...
Types of fishery products   <ul><li>Frozen and chilled marine shrimp/freshwater prawn </li></ul><ul><li>Live grouper/eel/c...
Why rohu fishes are good potential for export ? <ul><li>Culture system. </li></ul><ul><li>Good farming practice. </li></ul...
Export Fish and Fisheries Products  Top  ( 15 ) Species (2008-2009) MT  - Ordinary US$ -  Million No Species MT US$ 1 Rohu...
Top 15 Countries  out of  33 Importing Countries (2008-09) Country Quantity (Thousand metric ton) Value (US$ million) Sing...
<ul><li>Four Fisheries Laws </li></ul><ul><li>The Law Relating to the Fishing Rights of Foreign  1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Fi...
Innovation of culture based capture fisheries method <ul><li>To increase fish production in the leasable fisheries, cultur...
Conclusion <ul><li>Myanma Fisheries should be conducted currently to   invite more investments both from local and regiona...
 
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Pp Report (Aquaculture)

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Pp Report (Aquaculture)

  1. 1. Aquaculture Production of Myanmar (For ASEAN Training Course on Aquaculture Production) BY U Zaw Min ( Perennial Crops and Farms Enterprise ) & U Kyaw Kyaw Naing ( Zeyar Aung Myay Fishery Production LTD) (March, 2010)
  2. 2. River system 3 main rivers system: Ayeyarwaddy 2170 km and its tributary Chindwin 960 km Sittaung 298 km Thanlwin 1274 km KACHIN STATE CHIN STATE SHAN STATE KAYA STATE K A Y I N S T A T E M O N S T A T SAGAING DIV ISION MAGWAY DIVISION BAGO DIVISION YANGON DIVISION M A N D A L A Y D I V I S I O N A Y E Y A R W A D Y D I V I S I O N T A N I N T H A R Y I D I V I S I O N Union of Myanmar A N D A M A N S E A B A Y O F B A N G L CHINA 2192 km LAOS 224 km THAILAND 2096 km INDIA 1331 km BANGLADAHS 256 km
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>An agricultural country </li></ul><ul><li>Ample of natural resources (land, water, labour etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>In South East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Neighboring countries; Bangladesh, China, Laos, Thailand </li></ul><ul><li>9º 58’ N to 28° 31’ N </li></ul><ul><li>9º 29’ to 10º 10’ E </li></ul><ul><li>Total area: 261,228 square miles </li></ul>Location
  4. 4. Topography <ul><li>Nine different natural regions based on the topography </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Coastal strip </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Western mountain region </li></ul><ul><li>(3) Northern hilly region </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Central Myanmar Dry Zone region </li></ul><ul><li>(5) Ayeyarwaddy delta </li></ul><ul><li>(6) Bago Yoma </li></ul><ul><li>(7) Sittang river valley </li></ul><ul><li>(8) Shan plateau and </li></ul><ul><li>(9) Tanintharyi coastal strip </li></ul>
  5. 5. Climate <ul><li>Rainy : May - October </li></ul><ul><li>Cool dry : November - February </li></ul><ul><li>Summer : March - May </li></ul><ul><li>Annual rainfall : 2540-5080 mm in Coastal & Hilly regions </li></ul><ul><li>: 760-1015 mm in Central Myanmar </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature : different ranges </li></ul><ul><li>: 30º - 40º C from Costal regions to Central </li></ul><ul><li>: 4º - 20ºC in mountainous and plateau </li></ul>
  6. 6. Population <ul><li>136 national races </li></ul><ul><li>Major races : Bamar, Chin, Kachin, Shan, Kayah, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar: all nationalities </li></ul><ul><li>Over 58-377 million, rural population 38 million </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>National policy on fishery sectors </li></ul><ul><li>To promote all-round development in the fisheries sector; </li></ul><ul><li>To increase fish production for domestic consumption and share the surplus with neighboring country; </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage the expansion of marine and fresh water aquaculture; </li></ul><ul><li>To upgrade the socio-economic status of fishery communities. </li></ul><ul><li>To conserve the fishery resources and environment </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Aquaculture </li></ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul><ul><li>Prawn/ Shrimp </li></ul><ul><li>Others (seaweed, clams, abalone…..) </li></ul><ul><li>Inland Fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Leasable fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Open Fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Marine fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>In-shore fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Off-shore fisheries </li></ul>Fisheries Component
  9. 9. <ul><li>(Thousand metric ton) 2008-2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture 771.04 </li></ul><ul><li>Leasable fisheries 209.7 </li></ul><ul><li>Open fisheries 693.4 </li></ul><ul><li>Marine fisheries 1868.1 </li></ul><ul><li>Total 3542.24 </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture (2008-2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Acre Hectare </li></ul><ul><li>Fish pond 216228 86491.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Shrimp pond 224655 89862 </li></ul><ul><li>Total 436825 176852.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Fish seed production (DoF-station) </li></ul><ul><li>Species 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity 740.7 (Million </li></ul><ul><li>Shrimp & Prawn seed production (DoF-station) </li></ul><ul><li>Species 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity 286 ( million ) </li></ul><ul><li>` </li></ul>Fisheries Production
  10. 10. Fishery Production (1996-97 to 2008-09) Unit - ’000 MT Year Total Culture Leasable Open Marine 1996-97 863.59 82.79 62.61 86.55 631.64 1997-98 912.67 82.02 62.66 86.71 681.28 1998-99 1011.18 91.17 67.87 91.98 760.16 1999-00 1195.80 102.60 83.06 113.00 897.14 2000-01 1309.83 121.95 91.17 147.04 949.67 2001-02 1474.46 190.12 95.95 158.93 1029.46 2002-03 1595.87 252.01 109.53 180.61 1053.72 2003-04 1986.96 400.36 122.28 331.98 1132.34 2004-05 2217.47 485.22 136.79 366.75 1228.71 2005-06 2581.78 574.99 152.69 478.43 1375.67 2006-07 2859.86 616.35 170.10 548.09 1525.32 2007-08 3168.64 674.89 189.70 625.04 1679.01 2008-09 (Prov:) 3542.24 771.04 209.70 693.40 1868.10
  11. 11. Total, 3168.64 Total, 3542.24 Fishery Production (,000 MT) (2007-2008) (2008-2009)
  12. 12. <ul><li>Freshwater pond fish culture is major source of aquaculture production ; Rohu ( Labeo rohita ) is the dominant species in freshwater fish culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Most farmers follow poly-culture system utilizing all stratum and natural food of pond water stocking Major carps, Chinese carps, Common carps, Tilapia, Cat fish and Prawn rationally. </li></ul>Aquaculture
  13. 13. Rohu, Labeo rohita Common carp, Cyprinus carpio Mrigal ,Cirrhinus mrigala Barb, Puntius gonionotus Catfish, Pangasius sutchi Tilapia, Oreochromis nilotica Pacu, Piractus brachypomus Catla, Catla catla Bighead, Aristichthys nobilis Freshwater Fish Species used for Farming
  14. 14. Catfish, Clarias batrachus Spotted feather back ,Notopterus chitala Carplet, Rohtee alfrediana Grass carp, Ctenophryngodon idellus Silver carp, Hypophthalmicthys molitrix Nga net pyar, Labeo calabasu Nga gyaung, Mystus eenghala Sheat fish,Ompok bimaculatus Catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis Nga phane, Cyprinus intha Freshwater fish species used for farming
  15. 15. Selective breeding of Rohu has initiated by Department of Fisheries
  16. 16. Freshwater prawn , Macrobranchium rosembergii Black Tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon White shrimp, Penaeus vannamei
  17. 18. Aquaculture
  18. 19. Aquaculture
  19. 20. (cage culture)
  20. 21. (cage culture)
  21. 22. Myanmar Exportable Aquarium Fishes
  22. 23. Soft-shell mud crab culture <ul><li>Mud crab ( Scylla spp .) </li></ul><ul><li>Become high price and high demand commodity </li></ul><ul><li>Soft-shell mud crab farming </li></ul><ul><li>has increased very popular in Myanmar. </li></ul><ul><li>DoF has initiated growth-out and seed production through hatchery. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Seaweed ( Eucheuma cottonii ) culture
  24. 25. <ul><li>In order to increase the fish production the following activities are recommended: </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation of new technology / introduction of species </li></ul><ul><li>(domestic or imported) which are readily adaptable and </li></ul><ul><li>have no negative impact to indigenous stock and environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Financial support and technology assistance in aquaculture </li></ul><ul><li>research, exploration, extension and development activities. </li></ul><ul><li>More priorities and favor in utilization of water, land, fuel, </li></ul><ul><li>electricity and raw materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of new hatcheries and upgrading of old ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of paddy cum fish culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Exemption/relaxation of tax and regulation relating to aquaculture. </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of low-cost species culture for small-scale farmer. </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation of land for plantation of aqua feed staff. </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Inland water bodies cover 8.2 million hectares consisting lakes, rives and reservoirs, that are producing more than 630,000 tons of freshwater fish and prawns annually. </li></ul>Inland Fisheries
  26. 27. Inland fisheries consists of freshwater aquaculture and capture fisheries which is further divided into leasable fishery, reserved fishery and open fishery in which fishing rights are granted under licenses. There are 3722 leasable fisheries of which 3490 are under operation and supporting the livelihoods of fishing communities. Culture based capture fishery is being practiced in some leasable waters. Inland Fisheries
  27. 28. Natural Water (Rivers, riverlet, main 20.50 million acre stream, lakes etc) 8.2 million hectare Flooded Area 15.00 million acre 6 million hectare Dam/Reservoir 4.50 million acre 1.8 million hectare Paddy Fields Area 13.38 million acre 5.35 million hectare TOTAL 53.38 million acre 21.35 million hectare Potentials for Inland Fishery Resources (2008-2009
  28. 29. Myanmar has a long coastal line of 2832 kilometer stretching from the Northernmost of Nerf River to Southernmost Victoria Point. The coast is facing to the Indian Ocean in Rakhine State, the Bay of Bengal in Ayeyarwaddy Division and the Andaman Sea in Tanintharyi Division. Such a long coastline is stretching along the coastal areas forming almost 228781 square kilometer of continental shelf out of 486000 sq kilometer total marine fisheries where the water is so fertile and enriched with nutrient and plankton. Marine Fisheries
  29. 30. Myanmar marine fishery production is about 1.679 million metrics ton in 2008. Majority of marine catch landed from coastal fisheries using bag net, gill net and line fishing. However, off-shore activities by medium size trawlers, purse seiners and long liners are important for marine fishing.The major catch species are Crustacean, Sea bass, Grouper, Snapper, Hilsa, Mackerel, Pomfrets, Scianids, and Threadfin etc. Marine Fisheries
  30. 31. Management Measures <ul><li>Closed areas </li></ul><ul><li>Marine – No trawling zone </li></ul><ul><li>- Rakhine five miles from shore line </li></ul><ul><li>- Ayeyarwaddy and Tanintharyi ten miles from shore lines </li></ul><ul><li>- No shark fishing </li></ul><ul><li>No fishing/ collection/ trade </li></ul><ul><li>- Aquatic mammals </li></ul><ul><li>- Turtles and tortoises and their eggs </li></ul><ul><li>- Corals </li></ul><ul><li>- Lobsters/ prawn/shrimp with eggs </li></ul><ul><li>- Crabs (Weight under 100 gm) </li></ul><ul><li>- Wet-land eels (3 cm in circumferences) </li></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>Closed season </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trawling - June </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grouper - July, August, September </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sea bass - January, February, March </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freshwater - May, June, July </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Restricted mesh size </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trawler : Fish >2.5 inches Shrimp > 2 inches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drift net (Large) : >8 inches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> (Small) : > 3.5 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Banned fishing methods </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamites/ explosives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals/ Drugs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pump </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 33. Types of fishery products <ul><li>Frozen and chilled marine shrimp/freshwater prawn </li></ul><ul><li>Live grouper/eel/crab/Lobster/Shrimp </li></ul><ul><li>Dry fish/shrimp </li></ul><ul><li>Salted fish </li></ul><ul><li>Fishmeal </li></ul><ul><li>Surimi </li></ul><ul><li>Total 150 types </li></ul>
  33. 34. Why rohu fishes are good potential for export ? <ul><li>Culture system. </li></ul><ul><li>Good farming practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Not allow to use chemicals and drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers also not willing to use C/D because of low value species. </li></ul><ul><li>Freshness. </li></ul><ul><li>Food safety and traceability system. </li></ul>
  34. 35. Export Fish and Fisheries Products Top ( 15 ) Species (2008-2009) MT - Ordinary US$ - Million No Species MT US$ 1 Rohu 74981.426 69.903 2 Tiger (Capture) 4401.908 35.225 3 Hilsa 16801.259 29.101 4 Live Mud Crab 12587.467 25.531 5 White Pomfret 5440.278 23.064 6 Pink 8654.468 22.476 7 Live Eel 8754.805 19.210 8 Ribbon Fish 14456.744 17.963 9 Dry Prawn 2736.251 16.897 10 Rosy Jew Fish 5393.289 13.874 11 White 2449.299 11.299 12 Yellow Croaker 5201.105 10.020 13 Fresh Water Prawn ( Culture ) 1120.813 9.549 14 Big Eye Croaker 8596.751 8.030 15 Dried Snake Skin Gourami 4091.495 7.295
  35. 36. Top 15 Countries out of 33 Importing Countries (2008-09) Country Quantity (Thousand metric ton) Value (US$ million) Singapore 56.753 119.044 China 58.921 106.153 Thailand 89.489 76.978 Malaysia 23.004 41.260 Kuwait 34.424 31.844 Japan 6.514 23.400 Saudi 17.702 21.344 Bangladesh 14.695 18.686 U.A.E 10.61 13.782 U.K 5.193 10.674 Hong Kong 1.282 5.461 Vietnam 2.193 3.970 Indonesia 1.623 3.729 Korea 0.918 2.273 Australia 0.351 1.439
  36. 37. <ul><li>Four Fisheries Laws </li></ul><ul><li>The Law Relating to the Fishing Rights of Foreign 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing Vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Law Relating to Aquaculture 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Fresh Water Fisheries Law 1991 </li></ul>
  37. 38. Innovation of culture based capture fisheries method <ul><li>To increase fish production in the leasable fisheries, culture based capture fisheries method has been practiced and significant progress has been performed. This is because of stocking quality fishes into leasable fisheries where they are well established. </li></ul><ul><li>At the present, not only culture based capture but also capture based culture. </li></ul>
  38. 39. Conclusion <ul><li>Myanma Fisheries should be conducted currently to invite more investments both from local and regional bodies for the following activities: - </li></ul><ul><li>* Farming of - Grouper </li></ul><ul><li>- Sea weed </li></ul><ul><li>- Lobster </li></ul><ul><li>- Mud crab </li></ul><ul><li>* Joint fishing activities of </li></ul><ul><li>- Drift net </li></ul><ul><li>- Long line </li></ul><ul><li>- Fish trap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Squid fishing net and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- lighting fishing </li></ul></ul>

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