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  1. 1. Country Paper Thailand ……….. Training Course on Aquaculture Production 14 - 27 March 2010 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Prepared by : MR. SUMETHA SUEBCHAT Cooperative Technician, Pattani Provincial Cooperative Office Cooperative Promotion Department MR. NIKOH WAE-A-LEE Assistant Manager Ya Ring Aquaculture Production Cooperative, Ltd.
  2. 2. A: Introduction Country : Thailand Name of participants:- MR. SUMETHA SUEBCHAT My name is MR.SUMETHA SUEBCHAT as Cooperative Technician of the Cooperative Promotion Department (CPD) since 1987 At present, I am working at Cooperative Business Development Group , Pattani Provincial Cooperative Office with responsible for giving guidance and promoting all types of cooperatives in Pattani Province especially for marketing development of agricultural cooperatives and farmer groups Pattani Provincial Cooperative Office is a local office under the Cooperative Promotion Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. In general, provincial cooperative office is responsible for supervising and promotion all types of cooperatives within its respective areas. Its function is divided into 3 groups and 1 section and mobile unit as follows:- 1. General Administration Section 2. Cooperative Establishment and Promotion Group 3. Cooperative Business Development Group 4. Cooperative Management System Development Group 5. Cooperative Mobile Unit At present , In Pattani Provincial Cooperative Office. Types of cooperatives in promoting the 5 categories 1. Agricultural Cooperative 2. Fisheries Cooperative 3. Consumer Cooperative 4. Thrif and Credit Cooperative 5. Service Cooperative
  3. 3. B. General Information of the Country Thailand has a land area of 513,115 sq. km. bordered by Malaysia (South), Myanmar (North and West), Laos (North and East) and Cambodia (Southeast). Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country. The climate is monsoons, marked by a pronounced rainy season lasting from about June to October and a relatively dry season for the remainder of the year. Temperatures are highest in March and April and lowest in December and January. Thai is the national language and English is widely understood in cities. Population is approximately 65 million (2005). Buddhism is the national region of 90%. Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and others are embraced by the rest of the population.
  4. 4. The official national language, spoken by almost 100 percent of the population is Thai. Other languages are Chinese and Malay. English is also widely spoken and understood, particularly in Bangkok and other major cities. Thailand is governed by a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentarian form of government. GDP (as of 2005) per capita is US$ 8,100. Labour force engaged in agriculture sector is 42.6% (2005). Thailand's capital, known internationally as Bangkok but to Thai as Krung Thep (City of Angels) sprawls over an area of some 1,500 square kilometers on both sides of the Chao Phraya River. Established in 1782 by King Rama I, founder of the Chakri Dynasty, Bangkok has been the home of the Royal Family ever since. Today, Bangkok is home to over 6 million people. Here also are located all government ministries, the police and military headquarters, the Supreme Patriarch of the Buddhist faith, the most prestigious universities and schools, the best medical facilities, important international organizations, and the greatest collections of art, museums, newspaper publishers and television stations. In Thailand, businesses are open Monday to Friday from 8.30 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. (with an hour for lunch between 12.00 - 01.00 p.m.) Shopping centres and supermarkets are generally open from 10.00 a.m. - 09.00 p.m. daily.
  5. 5. Pattani Provincial Cooperative Office Pattani Provincial Cooperative Office is one of 75 Provincial Cooperative Offices under the Cooperative Promotion Department which is responsible for supervising and promoting all cooperative within their respective areas and Ya Ring Aquaculture Production, Ltd. is included. Its function of the Office is divided into 3 groups and 1 section and mobile unit as follows:- 1. General Administration Section 2. Cooperative Establishment and Promotion Group 3. Cooperative Business Development Group 4. Cooperative Management System Development Group 5. Cooperative Mobile Unit In 1999, all fishermen in Ya Moo Sub-district, Ya Ring District are facing with economic crisis of raising “Kra Pong” ( lates calcarifer) and low price of their production. Therefore, the Pattani Provincial Cooperative Office in collaboration with government agencies concerned encourage them to join as cooperative and then established as Ya Ring Aquaculture Production Cooperative, Ltd. in May 2001. The main activities of Pattani Cooperative Promotion Office is to develop cooperative management system by emphasizing on integration of activities of the cooperatives in order to respond the needs of members and increase their income as well as promoting women and youth groups in cooperatives and educating them how to improve their quality of lives and provision loan fund for cooperative business as well.
  6. 6. Ya Ring Aquaculture Production Cooperative, Ltd. Pattani Province Background Information Ya Ring Aquaculture Production Cooperative, Ltd. is located at 173/3 Moo 1, Yamoo Sub-district, Ya Ring District, Pattani Province 94150 .The Cooperative was registered on 17 May 2001. In the initial stage, there are 360 members/household and 44,550 of share capital. Business Activities 1. Credit business : The Cooperative will provide fund for members in order to buy fish seed and fish feed with no interest. 2. Purchasing business: The Cooperative will provide raw materials such as fish seed and fish feed for members according to their needs. 3. Marketing business: The Cooperative will collect aquaculture production from members for sale at reasonable prices with private company and also guarantee scheme for members production. 4. Deposit business: The Cooperative will provide deposit services for members. 5. Occupation Promotion Services: The Cooperative also provide services for 10 vocational groups in order to generate their supplementary income for households as follows:- 5.1 Ya Ring Women Group Cooperative 5.2 Ban Nong Rat Women Group Cooperative 5.3 Sea Food Processing Group 5.4 Ban Brue Bakery Making Group 5.5 Coconut by-product Hand Made Youth Group 5.6 Accessory Products Making Women and Youth Group 5.7 Embroidery Clothes Hand Made Productions Group
  7. 7. 5.8 Palm Tree “Jak” Planting Group 5.9 Fish Raising (butter fish) in Cement Pond Group 5.10 Ban Klang Fish Raising Group Problems and Obstacles The main problems of the Cooperative are as follows: 1. Lack of member participation 2. Lack of liquidity of its operation 3. High cost of raw materials 4. Lower of quality of water resource Recommendations In order to develop on aquaculture production for cooperative members and fishermen in our ASEAN members countries, the Ya Ring Aquaculture Production Cooperative, Ltd. has some recommendation as follows: 1. To promote cooperation on data collection on spicy of aquaculture among ASEAN countries 2. To Share knowledge base on aquaculture production and new technique improvement parallel with local wisdom of our countries 3. To encourage marketing for processing aquaculture production development
  8. 8. Process of business activities of Ya Ring Aquaculture Production Cooperative, Ltd. Area preparation - Hygienic Control - Water 7quality measurement - Seeding
  9. 9. Fish Feeding - Suitable quantity of feeding - EM - 4 - 6 months
  10. 10. Marketing - Wholesale - Retail - By orders