STATUS OF FISHERIES INDUSTRY IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Presented by : ABIDAH HJ MOHD YAZID LIM SUZANNIE Fisheries Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources Negara Brunei Darussalam
Lim Suzannie & Abidah
Country: Brunei Darussalam
Organization: Fisheries Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources
Position: Leading person for Macrobrachium rosenbergii Hatchery
In-Charge in overall hatchery and nursery operations of Macrobrachium rosenbergii
Attend meetings/seminars related to the project
Abidah Hj Md Yazid
Position: Leading person in producing SPF Peneaus Monodon (Tiger shrimp) at Broodstock Development Centre.
In-charge in the overall project, do the time plan for the process of culturing and growing the species including logistics human resources management.
Attend meetings related to the project and implementing on the R&D development projects.
Ensure the process of the project operate smoothly everyday.
Location of Brunei Darussalam Negara Brunei Darussalam is the country Abode of Peace. Located on the northern shores of the Island of Borneo, the world will see a small, prosperous, stable and peaceful oil rich Kingdom called Brunei Darussalam.
INTRODUCTION Official Language Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language) but English is widely used and can be understood by local Community. Ruler Monarchy system under 1 Malay ruler: His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam. His Majesty is the 29th ruler of his line. Capital City Bandar Seri Begawan Land Area 5,765 sq.km (Density - 68 persons / sq.km) Population 500,000 people (Estimated) Races Multi racial society: Malay, Chinese, Others (Dusun, Murut & Iban) Main Religion Islam Independence 1 st January 1984 Economy Oil and Gas Industry - Is the main contributor to the country, followed by Agriculture and Fisheries . Currency 1 USD = BND1.40 Office Hour Begins from 0745Hr - 1630Hr, Friday & Sunday ( OFF DAYS )
INTRODUCTION OF FISHERIES IN BRUNEI
Along with its traditional of fishing, Marine fish been the principal source of protein for the people of Brunei Darussalam.
The per capita fish consumption around 45 kilograms per year.
With an estimated population of about 390,000, the total annual consumption of fish is about 15,500 metric tons.
However, with only about 925 fulltime fisherman and most them are artisanal. Brunei Darussalam still has to import about 50% of its requirement to supplement the local production.
POTENTIAL FISHERIES SECTORS;
INTRODUCTION TO AQUACULTURE
The major activities: cage culture of marine fish and the pond culture of marine shrimp.
Development of technology on seed production and culture of other species that are of high commercial value are one of the priorities of the Department of Fisheries.
Promising industry due to the high market demand for aquaculture products and strategic location of the country
STATUS OF AQUACULTURE IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
Brunei has a number of advantages such as clean and unpolluted environment, absence of typhoons, and rich with pristine mangrove
that provide breeding and nursery ground for fish.
Two main sectors in Aquaculture:
SHRIMP AQUACULTURE FISH AQUACULTURE
AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
Major aquaculture species of economic importance
Shrimp culture is the leading aquaculture activity in Brunei
The shrimp species cultured are Litopenaeus stylirostris locally known as (udang rostris) and Penaeus monodon (udang harimau).
The introduction of L. stylirostris in 2000 revolutionize the shrimp industry because of its high production, fast growth, uniformity of size and high survival .
Freshwater Fish Culture
In freshwater aquaculture Nile tilapia and hybrid Oreochromis are the major species cultured in ponds.
Catfish ( Clarias batrachu s), common carps, snake head and puntius are the other species being cultured in ponds.
Most of the freshwater ponds are small (100 to 500 sq m) size.
Ornamental fish (Freshwater) Species name : Betta macrostoma Common name: Brunei beauty
SOME AREAS FOR CAGES CULTURE
TANJUNG PELOMPONG: 40 HA
SUNGAI BUNGA: 1.4 HA
PULAU KEINGARAN: 6 HA
BUANG TAWAR: 4 HA
PULAU KAINGARAN, MENTIRI PULAU PELOMPONG, MUARA
Seabass ( Lates calcarifer ) locally known as ikan selungsong is the major marine fish cultured in floating cages.
Grouper, trevallys, mangrove snappers, and hybrid oreochromis ( locally known as kromis ) are the other species cultured in floating cages.
CULTURED FISH SPECIES Lates calcarifer Tilapia Tiger grouper
Updated Annual Production year 2008 - 2009 Sub-sector 2008 2009 Capture 15,576.23mt 16,797.14mt Aquaculture 566.46mt 460.41mt Processing 822.55mt 599.08mt Total 16,965.24mt 17,856.63mt
INTRODUCTION : POST HARVEST ACTIVITIES
In parallel with the development for capture and aquaculture sectors, post harvest sector has also shown tremendous development one the year, from small-scale back yard type of operation, to a small /medium scale mechanized commercial processing.
The product range has also expanded from traditional products to products with export potential such as frozen dressed fish and value-added product lines.
Tendency of consumption (export or domestic)
Domestic –Products such as crackers, Fish ball
Export –Products such as Frozen shrimps
Crackers Frozen shrimp
The technologies developed in Brunei Darussalam are the breeding and seed production of seabass, shrimp, hybrid tilapia, udang galah, and indigenous freshwater aquarium fish ( Betta macrostoma ).
On the culture aspect, the floating cage culture in inshore areas, and intensive culture of shrimp in lined ponds are the developed technology.
Ease of start and operation
Technical expertise - MTU
Hatchery producing shrimp fry and Seabass fingerlings
Basic Infrastructure such as:
Government assistance -contd
AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors FISH SHRIMP Capital
Operator do not have enough capital to operate, purchasing and for expansion of the sites/ponds/cages
Business partner always changes due to unstable business, loss of interest to carry on
Shortage of fry particularly shrimp & fish fry.
• Import from other countries (contributing to other problems)
Availability of low cost fish and shrimp feed.
Aquaculture industries experience small market place for export and local market.
(Price competition between the local and imported shrimp)
Farm operators do not have skilled workers
( Inexperienced workers) that could otherwise operate the farm/pond properly.
AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors FISH SHRIMP Production
No hatchery production of the local indigenous species (Fresh water aquaculture)
No commercialized develop for fresh water fishes due to less prefer as Bruneian protein source consumption.
Particularly on salinity fluctuations in costal areas for marine fish and shrimp.