STATUS OF FISHERIES INDUSTRY  IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Presented by : ABIDAH HJ MOHD YAZID LIM SUZANNIE Fisheries Department, ...
Introduction  <ul><li>Representatives: </li></ul><ul><li>Lim Suzannie & Abidah </li></ul><ul><li>Country: Brunei Darussala...
Organisational chart
<ul><li>Positions: </li></ul><ul><li>Suzan :  </li></ul><ul><li>Position:  Leading person for  Macrobrachium rosenbergii  ...
<ul><li>Abidah Hj Md Yazid </li></ul><ul><li>Position:   Leading person in producing SPF  Peneaus Monodon  (Tiger shrimp) ...
Location of Brunei Darussalam Negara Brunei Darussalam is the country Abode of Peace.  Located on the northern shores of t...
INTRODUCTION   Official Language Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language) but English is widely used and can be understood by local ...
INTRODUCTION OF FISHERIES IN BRUNEI <ul><li>Along with its traditional of fishing, Marine fish been the principal source o...
POTENTIAL FISHERIES SECTORS; <ul><li>CAPTURE FISHERIES </li></ul><ul><li>AQUACULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>PROCESSING </li></ul>
INTRODUCTION  TO AQUACULTURE <ul><li>The major activities: cage culture of marine fish and the pond culture of marine shri...
STATUS OF AQUACULTURE IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY <ul><li>Brunei has a number of advantages such as clean and unpolluted environment, absence of typhoo...
AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
Major aquaculture species of economic  importance <ul><li>Shrimp  culture  is  the  leading   aquaculture  activity in Bru...
<ul><li>ROSTRIS SHRIMP </li></ul><ul><li>L. stylirostris </li></ul>CULTURE SPECIES <ul><ul><li>TIGER SHRIMP </li></ul></ul...
Freshwater Fish Culture <ul><li>In  freshwater  aquaculture  Nile  tilapia  and  hybrid  Oreochromis   are  the  major  sp...
Ornamental fish (Freshwater) Species name : Betta macrostoma Common name: Brunei beauty
SOME AREAS FOR CAGES CULTURE <ul><li>TANJUNG PELOMPONG:  40 HA   </li></ul><ul><li>SUNGAI BUNGA:  1.4 HA </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Fish culture </li></ul><ul><li>Seabass ( Lates calcarifer )  locally  known  as ikan selungsong is  the major  mar...
CULTURED FISH SPECIES Lates calcarifer Tilapia Tiger grouper
  Updated Annual Production year 2008 - 2009  Sub-sector 2008 2009 Capture 15,576.23mt 16,797.14mt Aquaculture 566.46mt 46...
INTRODUCTION :  POST HARVEST ACTIVITIES <ul><li>In parallel with the development for capture and aquaculture sectors, post...
Tendency of consumption (export or domestic) ‏ <ul><li>Domestic –Products such as crackers, Fish ball </li></ul><ul><li>Ex...
      Technologies Developed <ul><li>The technologies developed in Brunei Darussalam are the breeding and seed production ...
Government assistance <ul><li>Ease of start and operation </li></ul><ul><li>Technical expertise - MTU </li></ul><ul><li>Ha...
<ul><li>Basic Infrastructure such as:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seawater Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road access; </li>...
AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors  FISH SHRIMP Capital <ul><li>Operator do not have enough capital to...
AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors  FISH SHRIMP Production <ul><li>No hatchery production of the local...
<ul><li>Commercialization project offshore cage culture; </li></ul><ul><li>Re-circulatory System in producing  Broodstock ...
Potential for further Development <ul><li>closed  recirculating  system,  </li></ul><ul><li>full  domestication  of  tiger...
THANK YOU
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Brunei Darussalam

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Brunei Darussalam

  1. 1. STATUS OF FISHERIES INDUSTRY IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Presented by : ABIDAH HJ MOHD YAZID LIM SUZANNIE Fisheries Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources Negara Brunei Darussalam
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Representatives: </li></ul><ul><li>Lim Suzannie & Abidah </li></ul><ul><li>Country: Brunei Darussalam </li></ul><ul><li>Organization: Fisheries Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources </li></ul>
  3. 3. Organisational chart
  4. 4. <ul><li>Positions: </li></ul><ul><li>Suzan : </li></ul><ul><li>Position: Leading person for Macrobrachium rosenbergii Hatchery </li></ul><ul><li>Duties: </li></ul><ul><li>In-Charge in overall hatchery and nursery operations of Macrobrachium rosenbergii </li></ul><ul><li>Attend meetings/seminars related to the project </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Abidah Hj Md Yazid </li></ul><ul><li>Position: Leading person in producing SPF Peneaus Monodon (Tiger shrimp) at Broodstock Development Centre. </li></ul><ul><li>Duties: </li></ul><ul><li>In-charge in the overall project, do the time plan for the process of culturing and growing the species including logistics human resources management. </li></ul><ul><li>Attend meetings related to the project and implementing on the R&D development projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the process of the project operate smoothly everyday. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Location of Brunei Darussalam Negara Brunei Darussalam is the country Abode of Peace. Located on the northern shores of the Island of Borneo, the world will see a small, prosperous, stable and peaceful oil rich Kingdom called Brunei Darussalam.
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION Official Language Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language) but English is widely used and can be understood by local Community. Ruler Monarchy system under 1 Malay ruler: His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam. His Majesty is the 29th ruler of his line. Capital City Bandar Seri Begawan Land Area 5,765 sq.km (Density - 68 persons / sq.km) Population 500,000 people (Estimated) Races Multi racial society: Malay, Chinese, Others (Dusun, Murut & Iban) Main Religion Islam Independence 1 st January 1984 Economy Oil and Gas Industry - Is the main contributor to the country, followed by Agriculture and Fisheries . Currency 1 USD = BND1.40 Office Hour Begins from 0745Hr - 1630Hr, Friday & Sunday ( OFF DAYS )
  8. 8. INTRODUCTION OF FISHERIES IN BRUNEI <ul><li>Along with its traditional of fishing, Marine fish been the principal source of protein for the people of Brunei Darussalam. </li></ul><ul><li>The per capita fish consumption around 45 kilograms per year. </li></ul><ul><li>With an estimated population of about 390,000, the total annual consumption of fish is about 15,500 metric tons. </li></ul><ul><li>However, with only about 925 fulltime fisherman and most them are artisanal. Brunei Darussalam still has to import about 50% of its requirement to supplement the local production. </li></ul>
  9. 9. POTENTIAL FISHERIES SECTORS; <ul><li>CAPTURE FISHERIES </li></ul><ul><li>AQUACULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>PROCESSING </li></ul>
  10. 10. INTRODUCTION TO AQUACULTURE <ul><li>The major activities: cage culture of marine fish and the pond culture of marine shrimp. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of technology on seed production and culture of other species that are of high commercial value are one of the priorities of the Department of Fisheries. </li></ul><ul><li>Promising industry due to the high market demand for aquaculture products and strategic location of the country </li></ul>
  11. 11. STATUS OF AQUACULTURE IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
  12. 12. AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY <ul><li>Brunei has a number of advantages such as clean and unpolluted environment, absence of typhoons, and rich with pristine mangrove </li></ul><ul><li>that provide breeding and nursery ground for fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Two main sectors in Aquaculture: </li></ul><ul><li>SHRIMP AQUACULTURE FISH AQUACULTURE </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 13. AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
  14. 14. Major aquaculture species of economic importance <ul><li>Shrimp culture is the leading aquaculture activity in Brunei </li></ul><ul><li>The shrimp species cultured are Litopenaeus stylirostris locally known as (udang rostris) and Penaeus monodon (udang harimau). </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of L. stylirostris in 2000 revolutionize the shrimp industry because of its high production, fast growth, uniformity of size and high survival . </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>ROSTRIS SHRIMP </li></ul><ul><li>L. stylirostris </li></ul>CULTURE SPECIES <ul><ul><li>TIGER SHRIMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P. monodon </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Freshwater Fish Culture <ul><li>In freshwater aquaculture Nile tilapia and hybrid Oreochromis are the major species cultured in ponds. </li></ul><ul><li>Catfish ( Clarias batrachu s), common carps, snake head and puntius are the other species being cultured in ponds. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the freshwater ponds are small (100 to 500 sq m) size. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ornamental fish (Freshwater) Species name : Betta macrostoma Common name: Brunei beauty
  18. 18. SOME AREAS FOR CAGES CULTURE <ul><li>TANJUNG PELOMPONG: 40 HA </li></ul><ul><li>SUNGAI BUNGA: 1.4 HA </li></ul><ul><li>PULAU KEINGARAN: 6 HA </li></ul><ul><li>BUANG TAWAR: 4 HA </li></ul>PULAU KAINGARAN, MENTIRI PULAU PELOMPONG, MUARA
  19. 19. <ul><li>Fish culture </li></ul><ul><li>Seabass ( Lates calcarifer ) locally known as ikan selungsong is the major marine fish cultured in floating cages. </li></ul><ul><li>Grouper, trevallys, mangrove snappers, and hybrid oreochromis ( locally known as kromis ) are the other species cultured in floating cages. </li></ul>
  20. 20. CULTURED FISH SPECIES Lates calcarifer Tilapia Tiger grouper
  21. 21. Updated Annual Production year 2008 - 2009 Sub-sector 2008 2009 Capture 15,576.23mt 16,797.14mt Aquaculture 566.46mt 460.41mt Processing 822.55mt 599.08mt Total 16,965.24mt 17,856.63mt
  22. 22. INTRODUCTION : POST HARVEST ACTIVITIES <ul><li>In parallel with the development for capture and aquaculture sectors, post harvest sector has also shown tremendous development one the year, from small-scale back yard type of operation, to a small /medium scale mechanized commercial processing. </li></ul><ul><li>The product range has also expanded from traditional products to products with export potential such as frozen dressed fish and value-added product lines. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Tendency of consumption (export or domestic) ‏ <ul><li>Domestic –Products such as crackers, Fish ball </li></ul><ul><li>Export –Products such as Frozen shrimps </li></ul>Crackers Frozen shrimp
  24. 24. Technologies Developed <ul><li>The technologies developed in Brunei Darussalam are the breeding and seed production of seabass, shrimp, hybrid tilapia, udang galah, and indigenous freshwater aquarium fish ( Betta macrostoma ). </li></ul><ul><li>On the culture aspect, the floating cage culture in inshore areas, and intensive culture of shrimp in lined ponds are the developed technology. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Government assistance <ul><li>Ease of start and operation </li></ul><ul><li>Technical expertise - MTU </li></ul><ul><li>Hatchery producing shrimp fry and Seabass fingerlings </li></ul><ul><li>Processing </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Basic Infrastructure such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seawater Supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road access; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric Supply; </li></ul></ul>Government assistance -contd
  27. 27. AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors FISH SHRIMP Capital <ul><li>Operator do not have enough capital to operate, purchasing and for expansion of the sites/ponds/cages </li></ul>Business partner <ul><li>Business partner always changes due to unstable business, loss of interest to carry on </li></ul>Common Problems <ul><li>Shortage of fry particularly shrimp & fish fry. </li></ul><ul><li>• Import from other countries (contributing to other problems) </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of low cost fish and shrimp feed. </li></ul>Market <ul><li>Aquaculture industries experience small market place for export and local market. </li></ul><ul><li>(Price competition between the local and imported shrimp) </li></ul>Farm management <ul><li>Farm operators do not have skilled workers </li></ul><ul><li>( Inexperienced workers) that could otherwise operate the farm/pond properly. </li></ul>
  28. 28. AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors FISH SHRIMP Production <ul><li>No hatchery production of the local indigenous species (Fresh water aquaculture) </li></ul><ul><li>No commercialized develop for fresh water fishes due to less prefer as Bruneian protein source consumption. </li></ul>Water Quality <ul><li>Particularly on salinity fluctuations in costal areas for marine fish and shrimp. </li></ul>Environmental factor <ul><li>Algal bloom </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul>Fish disease <ul><li>Parasites, bacterial infection, Viral nervous necrosis </li></ul><ul><li>Black gills, broken size </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Commercialization project offshore cage culture; </li></ul><ul><li>Re-circulatory System in producing Broodstock for “Udang Rostris”; </li></ul><ul><li>Verification of fish culture in recirculation system; </li></ul><ul><li>Domestication of Brunei Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>( Betta macrostoma ) ‏ </li></ul>VERIFICATION AND R&D (for new technology and environment friendly and species for export ):
  30. 30. Potential for further Development <ul><li>closed recirculating system, </li></ul><ul><li>full domestication of tiger shrimp similar to stylirostris, </li></ul><ul><li>establishment of local fish /shrimp feed plant and </li></ul><ul><li>offshore cage culture. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>The foresighted potential for further development are in the environment-friendly aquaculture system such as:
  31. 31. THANK YOU

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