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Brunei Darussalam
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  • 1. STATUS OF FISHERIES INDUSTRY IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Presented by : ABIDAH HJ MOHD YAZID LIM SUZANNIE Fisheries Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources Negara Brunei Darussalam
  • 2. Introduction
    • Representatives:
    • Lim Suzannie & Abidah
    • Country: Brunei Darussalam
    • Organization: Fisheries Department, Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources
  • 3. Organisational chart
  • 4.
    • Positions:
    • Suzan :
    • Position: Leading person for Macrobrachium rosenbergii Hatchery
    • Duties:
    • In-Charge in overall hatchery and nursery operations of Macrobrachium rosenbergii
    • Attend meetings/seminars related to the project
  • 5.
    • Abidah Hj Md Yazid
    • Position: Leading person in producing SPF Peneaus Monodon (Tiger shrimp) at Broodstock Development Centre.
    • Duties:
    • In-charge in the overall project, do the time plan for the process of culturing and growing the species including logistics human resources management.
    • Attend meetings related to the project and implementing on the R&D development projects.
    • Ensure the process of the project operate smoothly everyday.
  • 6. Location of Brunei Darussalam Negara Brunei Darussalam is the country Abode of Peace. Located on the northern shores of the Island of Borneo, the world will see a small, prosperous, stable and peaceful oil rich Kingdom called Brunei Darussalam.
  • 7. INTRODUCTION Official Language Bahasa Melayu (Malay Language) but English is widely used and can be understood by local Community. Ruler Monarchy system under 1 Malay ruler: His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam. His Majesty is the 29th ruler of his line. Capital City Bandar Seri Begawan Land Area 5,765 sq.km (Density - 68 persons / sq.km) Population 500,000 people (Estimated) Races Multi racial society: Malay, Chinese, Others (Dusun, Murut & Iban) Main Religion Islam Independence 1 st January 1984 Economy Oil and Gas Industry - Is the main contributor to the country, followed by Agriculture and Fisheries . Currency 1 USD = BND1.40 Office Hour Begins from 0745Hr - 1630Hr, Friday & Sunday ( OFF DAYS )
  • 8. INTRODUCTION OF FISHERIES IN BRUNEI
    • Along with its traditional of fishing, Marine fish been the principal source of protein for the people of Brunei Darussalam.
    • The per capita fish consumption around 45 kilograms per year.
    • With an estimated population of about 390,000, the total annual consumption of fish is about 15,500 metric tons.
    • However, with only about 925 fulltime fisherman and most them are artisanal. Brunei Darussalam still has to import about 50% of its requirement to supplement the local production.
  • 9. POTENTIAL FISHERIES SECTORS;
    • CAPTURE FISHERIES
    • AQUACULTURE
    • PROCESSING
  • 10. INTRODUCTION TO AQUACULTURE
    • The major activities: cage culture of marine fish and the pond culture of marine shrimp.
    • Development of technology on seed production and culture of other species that are of high commercial value are one of the priorities of the Department of Fisheries.
    • Promising industry due to the high market demand for aquaculture products and strategic location of the country
  • 11. STATUS OF AQUACULTURE IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
  • 12. AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY
    • Brunei has a number of advantages such as clean and unpolluted environment, absence of typhoons, and rich with pristine mangrove
    • that provide breeding and nursery ground for fish.
    • Two main sectors in Aquaculture:
    • SHRIMP AQUACULTURE FISH AQUACULTURE
  • 13. AQUACULTURE INDUSTRY IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
  • 14. Major aquaculture species of economic importance
    • Shrimp culture is the leading aquaculture activity in Brunei
    • The shrimp species cultured are Litopenaeus stylirostris locally known as (udang rostris) and Penaeus monodon (udang harimau).
    • The introduction of L. stylirostris in 2000 revolutionize the shrimp industry because of its high production, fast growth, uniformity of size and high survival .
  • 15.
    • ROSTRIS SHRIMP
    • L. stylirostris
    CULTURE SPECIES
      • TIGER SHRIMP
      • P. monodon
  • 16. Freshwater Fish Culture
    • In freshwater aquaculture Nile tilapia and hybrid Oreochromis are the major species cultured in ponds.
    • Catfish ( Clarias batrachu s), common carps, snake head and puntius are the other species being cultured in ponds.
    • Most of the freshwater ponds are small (100 to 500 sq m) size.
  • 17. Ornamental fish (Freshwater) Species name : Betta macrostoma Common name: Brunei beauty
  • 18. SOME AREAS FOR CAGES CULTURE
    • TANJUNG PELOMPONG: 40 HA
    • SUNGAI BUNGA: 1.4 HA
    • PULAU KEINGARAN: 6 HA
    • BUANG TAWAR: 4 HA
    PULAU KAINGARAN, MENTIRI PULAU PELOMPONG, MUARA
  • 19.
    • Fish culture
    • Seabass ( Lates calcarifer ) locally known as ikan selungsong is the major marine fish cultured in floating cages.
    • Grouper, trevallys, mangrove snappers, and hybrid oreochromis ( locally known as kromis ) are the other species cultured in floating cages.
  • 20. CULTURED FISH SPECIES Lates calcarifer Tilapia Tiger grouper
  • 21. Updated Annual Production year 2008 - 2009 Sub-sector 2008 2009 Capture 15,576.23mt 16,797.14mt Aquaculture 566.46mt 460.41mt Processing 822.55mt 599.08mt Total 16,965.24mt 17,856.63mt
  • 22. INTRODUCTION : POST HARVEST ACTIVITIES
    • In parallel with the development for capture and aquaculture sectors, post harvest sector has also shown tremendous development one the year, from small-scale back yard type of operation, to a small /medium scale mechanized commercial processing.
    • The product range has also expanded from traditional products to products with export potential such as frozen dressed fish and value-added product lines.
  • 23. Tendency of consumption (export or domestic) ‏
    • Domestic –Products such as crackers, Fish ball
    • Export –Products such as Frozen shrimps
    Crackers Frozen shrimp
  • 24. Technologies Developed
    • The technologies developed in Brunei Darussalam are the breeding and seed production of seabass, shrimp, hybrid tilapia, udang galah, and indigenous freshwater aquarium fish ( Betta macrostoma ).
    • On the culture aspect, the floating cage culture in inshore areas, and intensive culture of shrimp in lined ponds are the developed technology.
  • 25. Government assistance
    • Ease of start and operation
    • Technical expertise - MTU
    • Hatchery producing shrimp fry and Seabass fingerlings
    • Processing
    • Marketing
  • 26.
    • Basic Infrastructure such as:
      • Seawater Supply
      • Road access;
      • Electric Supply;
    Government assistance -contd
  • 27. AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors FISH SHRIMP Capital
    • Operator do not have enough capital to operate, purchasing and for expansion of the sites/ponds/cages
    Business partner
    • Business partner always changes due to unstable business, loss of interest to carry on
    Common Problems
    • Shortage of fry particularly shrimp & fish fry.
    • • Import from other countries (contributing to other problems)
    • Availability of low cost fish and shrimp feed.
    Market
    • Aquaculture industries experience small market place for export and local market.
    • (Price competition between the local and imported shrimp)
    Farm management
    • Farm operators do not have skilled workers
    • ( Inexperienced workers) that could otherwise operate the farm/pond properly.
  • 28. AQUACULTURE ISSUES IN AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENTS Factors FISH SHRIMP Production
    • No hatchery production of the local indigenous species (Fresh water aquaculture)
    • No commercialized develop for fresh water fishes due to less prefer as Bruneian protein source consumption.
    Water Quality
    • Particularly on salinity fluctuations in costal areas for marine fish and shrimp.
    Environmental factor
    • Algal bloom
    • Flooding
    Fish disease
    • Parasites, bacterial infection, Viral nervous necrosis
    • Black gills, broken size
  • 29.
    • Commercialization project offshore cage culture;
    • Re-circulatory System in producing Broodstock for “Udang Rostris”;
    • Verification of fish culture in recirculation system;
    • Domestication of Brunei Beauty
    • ( Betta macrostoma ) ‏
    VERIFICATION AND R&D (for new technology and environment friendly and species for export ):
  • 30. Potential for further Development
    • closed recirculating system,
    • full domestication of tiger shrimp similar to stylirostris,
    • establishment of local fish /shrimp feed plant and
    • offshore cage culture.
    •  
    The foresighted potential for further development are in the environment-friendly aquaculture system such as:
  • 31. THANK YOU