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Praktikum Lab TK (Teknik Kimia) ITENAS

Praktikum Lab TK (Teknik Kimia) ITENAS

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  • 1. LAMPIRAN ADATA LITERATURDensitas Air (Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, 7thed., pp. 2-91)Viskositas Air (Chemstations’ ChemCad 5.2 Physiochemical Databank)⋅+⋅++= ECairan TDTCTBA )ln(.expµT = Suhu mutlak, Kcairanµ = Viskositas cairan, Pa sNilai Parameternya untuk air :A = -51,964B = 3670,6C = 5,7331D = -5,3495×10-29E = 10
  • 2. LAMPIRAN BA. DATA RUANGHARI 1Sebelum SesudahTemperatur (oC) 26 28Tekanan (mmHg) 698 695HARI 2Sebelum SesudahTemperatur (oC) 27 27,5Tekanan (mmHg) 698,5 695B. DATA PERCOBAAN1. Data Pengukuran Volum Bak Umpan Dan Medium FilterBak Umpan :Panjang 50 cmLebar 40 cmTinggi 25 cmVolume 50000 cm3Medium Filter :Panjang 17,5 cmR Lingkaran Luar 3 cmLuas per Frame 292,12 cm22. Data Kalibrasi Pipa Sight Glass Pada Tangki Penampung FiltratSkala Volum (m3)0 0,00411 0,00173 0,00286 0,002810 0,0062615 0,007321 0,0093628 0,0102436 0,0117645 0,012563. Data Pengamatan Skala Kenaikan Filtrat Terhadap WaktuPlate & Frame 3 X 3Konsentrasi 50 gr/l
  • 3. Skalat (s)-ΔP = 2 psia -ΔP = 4 psia -ΔP = 6 psia0 30 28 23,52 42 38 39,24 51 45 49,26 62 60 54,68 75 75 6410 89 88 81,412 101 99 94,614 110,2 108 106,216 118 121 11218 130 136 12020 144 142 12922 156 154 13524 171 165 14426 183 177 15628 182,4 17130 18032 188Plate & Frame 5 X 5Konsentrasi 50 gr/lSkalat (s)-ΔP = 2 psia -ΔP = 4 psia -ΔP = 5 psia0 26 20 162 38 32 304 47 45 426 62 58 568 71,2 67 6010 80 77 7412 86 85 8214 101 96 9316 113,6 105 10218 121 113 11020 133 121 11722 144 132 12924 142 13726 14928 1634. Data Untuk Penentuan Sifat Fisik Cake Dan Filtrat
  • 4. Plate & Frame 3 X 3Konsentrasi 50 gr/l -ΔP = 2 psia -ΔP = 4 psia -ΔP = 6 psiaMassa Pikno Kosong (gram) 14,32 14,32 14,32Massa Pikno Kosong + Aquadest (gram) 39,57 39,57 39,57Massa Pikno Kosong + Filtrat (gram) 39,55 39,58 39,52Massa Aquadest (gram) 25,25 25,25 25,25Massa Filtrat (gram) 25,23 25,26 25,2Massa Cake Basah 70,80 67,04 30,26Massa Cake Kering 55,97 52,39 23Waktu Alir Aquadest pada Viskometer (s) 60 60 60Waktu Alir Filtrat pada Viskometer (s) 58 59 57,4Plate & Frame 5 X 5Konsentrasi 50 gr/l -ΔP = 2 psia -ΔP = 4 psia -ΔP = 6 psiaMassa Pikno Kosong (gram) 14,32 14,32 14,32Massa Pikno Kosong + Aquadest (gram) 39,57 39,57 39,57Massa Pikno Kosong + Filtrat (gram) 39,55 39,57 39,5Massa Aquadest (gram) 25,25 25,25 25,25Massa Filtrat (gram) 25,23 25,25 25,18Massa Cake Basah 68,85 72,37 50,7Massa Cake Kering 52,52 54,91 36,71Waktu Alir Aquadest pada Viskometer (s) 60 60 60Waktu Alir Filtrat pada Viskometer (s) 57,4 56,8 57
  • 5. LAMPIRAN CHASIL ANTARA1. Tabulasi Perhitungan Kalibrasi TangkiSkala Volum (m3)0 0,00411 0,00173 0,00286 0,002810 0,0062615 0,007321 0,0093628 0,0102436 0,0117645 0,01256Kurva Kalibrasi Tangkiy = 0,0002x + 0,0029R2= 0,916600,0020,0040,0060,0080,010,0120,0140,0160 10 20 30 40 50SkalaVolume(m3)
  • 6. 2. Hasil Perhitungan Δt/ΔV dan V2 + V1 dan GrafikPlate & Frame 3 X 3RUN 1-ΔP = 2 psia, Konsentrasi 50 gr/lSkala Volum (m3) t (s) Δt/ΔV (s/m3) V2 + V1 (m3)0 0,0029 30 - -2 0,0033 42 30000 0,00624 0,0037 51 22500 0,0076 0,0041 62 27500 0,00788 0,0045 75 32500 0,008610 0,0049 89 35000 0,009412 0,0053 101 30000 0,010214 0,0057 110,2 23000 0,01116 0,0061 118 19500 0,011818 0,0065 130 30000 0,012620 0,0069 144 35000 0,013422 0,0073 156 30000 0,014224 0,0077 171 37500 0,01526 0,0081 183 30000 0,0158y = 494505x + 23984R2= 0,086305000100001500020000250003000035000400000 0,002 0,004 0,006 0,008 0,01 0,012 0,014 0,016 0,018V2 + V1 (m3)∆t/∆V(s/m3)RUN 2-ΔP = 4 psia, Konsentrasi 50 gr/lSkala Volum (m3) t (s) Δt/ΔV (s/m3) V2 + V1 (m3)0 0,0029 28 - -
  • 7. 2 0,0033 38 25000 0,00624 0,0037 45 17500 0,0076 0,0041 60 37500 0,00788 0,0045 75 37500 0,008610 0,0049 88 32500 0,009412 0,0053 99 27500 0,010214 0,0057 108 22500 0,01116 0,0061 121 32500 0,011818 0,0065 136 37500 0,012620 0,0069 142 15000 0,013422 0,0073 154 30000 0,014224 0,0077 165 27500 0,01526 0,0081 177 30000 0,015828 0,0085 182,4 13500 0,0166y = 775862x + 18603R2= 0,184305000100001500020000250003000035000400000 0,005 0,01 0,015 0,02V2 + V1 (m3)t/V(s/m3)RUN 3-ΔP = 6 psia, Konsentrasi 50 gr/lSkala Volum (m3) t (s) Δt/ΔV (s/m3) V2 + V1 (m3)0 0,0029 23,5 - -2 0,0033 39,2 39250 0,00624 0,0037 49,2 25000 0,0076 0,0041 54,6 13500 0,00788 0,0045 64 23500 0,008610 0,0049 81,4 43500 0,009412 0,0053 94,6 33000 0,010214 0,0057 106,2 29000 0,011
  • 8. 16 0,0061 112 14500 0,011818 0,0065 120 20000 0,012620 0,0069 129 22500 0,013422 0,0073 135 15000 0,014224 0,0077 144 22500 0,01526 0,0081 156 30000 0,015828 0,0085 171 37500 0,016630 0,0089 180 22500 0,017432 0,0093 188 20000 0,0182y = 1E+06x + 8213,2R2= 0,4124050001000015000200002500030000350004000045000500000 0,005 0,01 0,015 0,02V2 + V1 (m3)t/V(s/m3)RUN 4-ΔP = 2 psia, Konsentrasi 50 gr/lSkala Volum (m3) t (s) Δt/ΔV (s/m3) V2 + V1 (m3)0 0,0029 26 - -2 0,0033 38 30000 0,00624 0,0037 47 22500 0,0076 0,0041 62 37500 0,00788 0,0045 71,2 23000 0,008610 0,0049 80 22000 0,009412 0,0053 86 15000 0,010214 0,0057 101 37500 0,01116 0,0061 113,6 31500 0,011818 0,0065 121 18500 0,012620 0,0069 133 30000 0,013422 0,0073 144 27500 0,0142
  • 9. y = 541360x + 21771R2= 0,031205000100001500020000250003000035000400000 0,002 0,004 0,006 0,008 0,01 0,012 0,014 0,016V2 + V1 (m3)t/V(s/m3)RUN 5-ΔP = 4 psia, Konsentrasi 50 gr/lSkala Volum (m3) t (s) Δt/ΔV (s/m3) V2 + V1 (m3)0 0,0029 20 - -2 0,0033 32 30000 0,00624 0,0037 45 32500 0,0076 0,0041 58 32500 0,00788 0,0045 67 22500 0,008610 0,0049 77 25000 0,009412 0,0053 85 20000 0,010214 0,0057 96 27500 0,01116 0,0061 105 22500 0,011818 0,0065 113 20000 0,012620 0,0069 121 20000 0,013422 0,0073 132 27500 0,014224 0,0077 142 25000 0,015
  • 10. y = 599154x + 17122R2= 0,3761050001000015000200002500030000350000 0,002 0,004 0,006 0,008 0,01 0,012 0,014 0,016V2 + V1 (m3)t/V(s/m3)RUN 6-ΔP = 5 psia, Konsentrasi 50 gr/lSkala Volum (m3) t (s) Δt/ΔV (s/m3) V2 + V1 (m3)0 0,0029 16 - -2 0,0033 30 35000 0,00624 0,0037 42 30000 0,0076 0,0041 56 35000 0,00788 0,0045 60 10000 0,008610 0,0049 74 35000 0,009412 0,0053 82 20000 0,010214 0,0057 93 27500 0,01116 0,0061 102 22500 0,011818 0,0065 110 20000 0,012620 0,0069 117 17500 0,013422 0,0073 129 30000 0,014224 0,0077 137 20000 0,01526 0,0081 149 30000 0,015828 0,0085 163 35000 0,0166
  • 11. y = 120192x + 24159R2= 0,002305000100001500020000250003000035000400000 0,005 0,01 0,015 0,02V2 + V1 (m3)t/V(s/m3)3. Hasil Perhitungan Densitas dan Viskositas FiltratPlate & Frame 3 X 3Konsentrasi 50 gr/l -ΔP = 2 psia -ΔP = 4 psia -ΔP = 6 psiaDensitas Filtrat (kg/m3) 995,6887 996,8726 994,5048Viskositas Filtrat (Pa s) 0,000854 0,000869 0,000844Plate & Frame 5 X 5Konsentrasi 50 gr/l -ΔP = 2 psia -ΔP = 4 psia -ΔP = 6 psiaDensitas Filtrat (kg/m3) 995,6887 996,478 993,7155Viskositas Filtrat (Pa s) 0,000845 0,000836 0,0008374. Tabulasi Nilai Tahanan Spesifik Cake terhadap Beda Tekanan danGrafikKonsentrasi 50 gr/lPlate & Frame 3 X 3 Plate & Frame 5 X 5α (m/kg) -ΔP (Pa) α (m/kg) -ΔP (Pa)10298891,82 13782,31 31615287 13782,3122438178,98 27564,63 49949758 27564,6336398472,52 41346,94 11127862,6 34455,78
  • 12. y = -1E+07x + 5E+07R2= 0,2778y = 2E+07x - 2E+07R2= 0,982201000000020000000300000004000000050000000600000000 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 3,5-∆ P (Pa)(m/kg)5. Tabulasi Hasil Perhitungan Konsentrasi CakePlate & Frame 3 X 3Cs(kg/m3) mb (gram) mk (gram) mb/mkρfiltrat(kg/m3) Cs/ρfiltrat C (kg/m3)50,674 70,80 55,97 1,2649 995,6887 0,05089 51,366550,673 67,04 52,39 1,2796 996,8726 0,05087 51,442750,806 30,26 23 1,3157 994,5048 0,05109 51,6389Plate & Frame 5 X 550,793 68,85 52,52 1,3109 995,6887 0,0510 51,611350,811 72,37 54,91 1,3245 996,478 0,05099 51,665950,977 50,7 36,71 1,3811 993,7155 0,0513 51,99356. Data Untuk Membuat Grafik log α vs log (-ΔP)Plate & Frame 3 X 3α -ΔP log α log (-ΔP) Kp B s10298891,8213782,31 7,0128 4,13934212,207239841,146422438178,9827564,63 7,351 4,44034673,1361960336398472,5241346,94 7,561 4,61644917,8848213,2
  • 13. y = 1,1464x + 2,2655R2= 0,99976,977,17,27,37,47,57,64,1 4,2 4,3 4,4 4,5 4,6 4,7log (-∆ P)logPlate & Frame 5 X 5α -ΔP log α log (-ΔP) Kp B s31615286,9913782,31 7,4999 4,13934611,319 21771-0,709649949757,9727564,63 7,6985 4,44033608,796 1712211157862,5634455,78 7,0476 4,5373647,507 24159y = -0,7096x + 10,518R2= 0,194977,17,27,37,47,57,67,77,84,1 4,2 4,3 4,4 4,5 4,6log (-∆ P)log
  • 14. Plate & Frame 5 x 5α -ΔP log α log -ΔP41852831.1 13782.31 7.0128 4.139333464.4792 27564.63 4.524584071 4.440336483237 41346.94 7.562093364 4.6164y = -2.2069x + 17.446R2= 0.77377.27.47.67.888.28.44.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6log (-∆P)logαBAB VIHASIL PERCOBAANPlate & Frame 3 X 3
  • 15. ΔP (Pa) s α (m-1kg-1) Rm (m-1)13782,311,146410298891,82 3392232704427564,63 22438178,98 5444733164541346,94 36398472,52 35255801352Plate & Frame 5 X 5ΔP (Pa) s α (m-1kg-1) Rm (m-1)13782,31-0,709631615286,99 5190000000027564,63 49949757,97 8240000000034455,78 11157862,56 145000000000