Energy access part 1 fuel used

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'Energy Access' (Part I) - fuel used for cooking intends to trace the contour of deprivation in India

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Energy access part 1 fuel used

  1. 1. ‘Energy access ‘ tracing the contours of deprivation Dr. Satish Balram Agnihotri Part - I
  2. 2. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Firewood
  3. 3. Fuel used for Cooking In 2011 the pattern remains nearly same but at a lower percentage : 54% % of Hh Using Firewood in (Rural + Urban) sector More than 64% households More than 54% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  4. 4. Fuel used for Cooking % of households Using Firewood in Urban sector More than 27% households More than 18.5% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  5. 5. Considerable urban households (>27 %) used firewood in 2001 with Kerala, Chhattisgarh and Odisha having >34% such households. The threshold reduced to 18.5% in 2011 with same pattern persisting (with Bihar and West Bengal not showing commensurate reduction) How does the picture look at the district level ?
  6. 6. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Firewood in (Rural + Urban) sector More than 65% households More than 61% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  7. 7. We see a contiguous belt where more than 2/3rds households used firewood for cooking. The region remains more or less unchanged in 2011 but for the cut off coming down to 61%.
  8. 8. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Firewood in Rural sector More than 62% households More than 61% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  9. 9. The same cutoff (65%) for rural area reveals a much larger belt which becomes even larger if we lower the cutoff to > 62% in 2001 and 61% in 2011.
  10. 10. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Firewood in Urban sector More than 25% households More than 20% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  11. 11. Even in the urban area more than 1/4th households were using firewood for cooking in a large number of districts in 2001. We see the same pattern in 2011 except that the percentage of households using firewood has come down from 25% to about 20%.
  12. 12. What were the other households using ?
  13. 13. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Crop Residues
  14. 14. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Crop Residue in (Rural+Urban) sector More than 7% households More than 7% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  15. 15. In a compact belt > 7% household were using Crop Residues which remains more or less unchanged in 2011.
  16. 16. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Crop Residue in Rural sector More than 9% households More than 9% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  17. 17. The same pattern recurs for rural area with the cut off at > 9% both in 2001 and 2011.
  18. 18. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Crop Residue in Urban sector More than 3% households More than 2% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  19. 19. Very interestingly the spread in urban areas with a cut off >3% is almost the same in 2001 and with a cutoff of 2% in 2011
  20. 20. What about Cow Dung Cakes ?
  21. 21. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Cow dung Cake
  22. 22. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Cow Dung Cake in Rural sector More than 10% households More than 7% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  23. 23. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Cow Dung Cake in Urban sector More than 2% households More than 2% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  24. 24. A considerable portion of the Indo-Gangetic belt showed 10% or more households using cow dung in rural areas (>2% in urban). In 2011 the percentage of these households has come down to 7% (>2% in urban).
  25. 25. What about Kerosene?
  26. 26. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Kerosene
  27. 27. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Kerosene as in Urban Sector More than 12% households More than 6% households Census 2001 Census 2011
  28. 28. As per Census 2001, for Kerosene, a large urban area had more than 12% households using it for cooking while in a compact rural region only about 2% households used it. Reduction in use of Kerosene for cooking is quite clear in urban area with only >6% of household using it. But the effect is not so visible in the rural segment.
  29. 29. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Coal
  30. 30. Coal or its different forms e.g. lignite or charcoal have not been very popular except in the eastern coal belt with about 8% rural households using it More than 8% households Rural Census 2001
  31. 31. Fuel used for Cooking Use of LPG
  32. 32. But in use of LPG urban India shows a large swath with more than 1/3rd households using LPG in 2001 a luxury not available to even 5% rural households. More than 33% households More than 5% households Urban Rural
  33. 33. What is remarkable is that the same region now shows >55% urban households using LPG and in rural area >11% households use LPG in 2011 More than 33% households More than 5% households Urban Rural
  34. 34. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Bio Gas
  35. 35. The percentage of households that use bio gas as a fuel is miniscule, but we can find out regions where Bio Gas has been popular as per the Census 2001 data. The map shows districts where 0.5% or more households in rural areas use bio gas Where does Bio Gas figure in this ? More than 0.5% households in Rural Sector
  36. 36. Very interestingly similar percentage of urban households reportedly use bio gas Where does Bio Gas figure in this ? More than 0.5% households in Urban Sector
  37. 37. What needs to be noted is that, the cow-dung cake using belt in the Indo-Gangetic region does not report use of Bio Gas plants on the scale of the southern region. What does it represent ?  Non availability of raw material ?  Availability of LPG ? Or  Is it plainly a governance issue ? In 2011 there is an increase in the area for the same cut off both in the rural and the urban segment.
  38. 38. Fuel used for Cooking Use of Bio Gas as on Census 2011 More than 0.5% households More than 0.5% households Rural Urban
  39. 39. Fuel used for Cooking Use of ‘Any Other’
  40. 40. An interesting pattern emerges in eastern India where a compact area covering West Bengal, Northern Odisha, parts of Jharkhand and Northern Bihar show use of ‘any other’ category of cooking fuel! This pattern recurs in 2011. This needs some further scrutiny. More than 1.5% households Fuel used for Cooking Use of ‘Any Other’ in (Rural+Urban) Sector

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