Auxiliary motion of a loom

1,915
-1

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology

Auxiliary motion of a loom

  1. 1. FABRIC SCIENCE AUXILIARY MOTION OF LOOM PRESENTED TO – MR. JANMAY SINGH HADA
  2. 2. A loom is a device used to weave cloth. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads. LOOM
  3. 3. THE LOOM
  4. 4. Primary Motion Secondary Motion Auxiliary Motion MOTIONS OF LOOM In order to interlace warp and weft threads to produce a fabric, the following motion are necessary on any type of loom:
  5. 5. To get high productivity and good quality of fabric, additional mechanisms, called auxiliary mechanisms, are added to a loom. The auxiliary mechanisms are useful but not absolutely essential. AUXILIARY MOTION
  6. 6. Warp stop motion Weft stop motion Warp protector mechanism Weft replenishment Temple Brake Selvedge AUXILIARY MOTIONS
  7. 7. Warp stop motion stop the loom when a drop wire fall as the result of end break. The broken end is repaired and handled by the operator. WARP STOP MOTION
  8. 8. This motion enables to stop the loom immediately after a weft break or weft running out. In case the loom is allowed to run even after the weft breaks there will be no woven cloth except long threads of warp. WEFT STOP MOTION
  9. 9. If shuttle fails to reach its proper box, a loom must either be instantly stopped by a fast reed motion or gradually stopped by loose reed motion. WARP PROTECTOR MECHANISM
  10. 10. It will stop the loom to prevent excessive damage to the warp threads, cloth, and reed if the weft carrier becomes trapped between the top and bottom of the shed lines and the reed. WARP PROTECTOR MECHANISM
  11. 11. It ensures a continuous supply of weft yarn to the loom whenever supply package exhausted. WEFT REPLENISHMENT
  12. 12. A brake is a device by means of which artificial frictional resistance is applied to moving body in order to stop the motion of a loom. The brake stops the loom immediately whenever required. The weaver uses it to stop the loom to repair broken ends and picks. Types of Brake – •Shoe Brake •Band Brake BRAKE
  13. 13. The temples are used to hold fast the width of the woven cloth as equal to as possible to the width of the warp. It may be made of wood or metal. Metal is useful for rugs. TEMPLES
  14. 14. Ring Temple Roller Temple TYPES OF TEMPLES
  15. 15. The narrow edge of woven fabric that runs parallel to the warp. Created by the weft thread looping back at the end of each row. SELVEDGE
  16. 16. It is made with stronger yarns in a tighter construction than the body of the fabric to prevent raveling. SELVEDGE
  17. 17. THANK Y☺U PRESENTED BY – RIDDHI MALVIYA SATYENDRA SINGH

×