Definition of Modify
• To limit or restrict meaning
So how does this work with words?
The word box could be referring to any of the boxes above.
However, if the modifier red is added we limit
the choices and know which box is being
Definition - words used to modify nouns and pronouns.
Adjectives do this by answering:
• What kind?
• Which one?
• How many?
• How much?
Two ways adjectives work
Placed directly in front of a noun.
The pretty girl danced.
Used as a predicate adjective after a
Noun Linking verb Adjective
girl is pretty
The dancing girl is pretty.
• Once proper nouns but used as adjectives
• a, an & the
• This, that, these, & those
• On your worksheet complete practice 1 by underlining the adjectives.
Then write the question it answers above it.
1. That one is being sold.
How Many? What kind?
2. The green dress belongs to her.
3. You have more homework than me.
4. Eight people voted yes.
• Definition – a word used to modify a
verb, adjective, or another adverb.
Adverbs do this by answering:
• How often?
• To what extent?
• Modifying a verb.
• The boy ran quickly. How did the boy run?
• Modifying an adjective.
• The rather ugly monster scared him. To what extent was the monster ugly?
• Modifying another adverb.
• The boy ran very quickly. How quickly?
• On your worksheet complete practice 2 by what the underlined
adverb is modifying above it.
1. The train engine slowly pulled the freight cars.
2. The teacher talked very rapidly.
3. The rather charming girl left early.
4. The fish always swim.
But wait there’s more…
• Act now and we will throw in a third part of speech at no extra cost.
• A word used to indicate a relationship
between an object and another word in a
• Prepositions can not act alone; they must have an object.
• This means a preposition will always be a part of a phrase
if used correctly.
• A phrase is a group of words working together as a single part of
How prepositions work
• Prepositional phrases will work to modify in the same ways that
adjectives and adverbs do.
• So if you ask the questions given earlier and get a one word
answer, the answer is either an adjective or adverb depending on the
• If the question needs two or more words to answer it and does not
contain both a subject and a verb, it is a prepositional phrase.
Complete the adverb or preposition worksheet.
Remember if it does not have an object, it is not a preposition.