Modifiers 13


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Modifiers 13

  1. 1. Hey kids, Can any of you tell me about modifiers?
  2. 2. Class, anyone…. Bueller? Anyone? Modifiers?
  3. 3. Well, it’s a start any way. This looks like a job for…
  4. 4. Me! & The Language League
  5. 5. Modifier Edition Starring
  6. 6. Definition of Modify • To limit or restrict meaning So how does this work with words? The word box could be referring to any of the boxes above. However, if the modifier red is added we limit the choices and know which box is being referenced.
  7. 7. Adjective Definition - words used to modify nouns and pronouns. Adjectives do this by answering: • What kind? • Which one? • How many? • How much?
  8. 8. Two ways adjectives work Placed directly in front of a noun. NounAdjective girlpretty The pretty girl danced. Used as a predicate adjective after a linking verb. Noun Linking verb Adjective girl is pretty The dancing girl is pretty.
  9. 9. Special types • Proper • Once proper nouns but used as adjectives • Articles • a, an & the • Demonstratives • This, that, these, & those
  10. 10. Practice • On your worksheet complete practice 1 by underlining the adjectives. Then write the question it answers above it. What kind? Which one? How many? How much?
  11. 11. Check yourself Which one? 1. That one is being sold. How Many? What kind? 2. The green dress belongs to her. How much? 3. You have more homework than me. How Many? 4. Eight people voted yes.
  12. 12. Adverbs • Definition – a word used to modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs do this by answering: • How? • When? • Where? • How often? • To what extent?
  13. 13. Examples: • Modifying a verb. • The boy ran quickly. How did the boy run? • Modifying an adjective. • The rather ugly monster scared him. To what extent was the monster ugly? • Modifying another adverb. • The boy ran very quickly. How quickly?
  14. 14. Practice • On your worksheet complete practice 2 by what the underlined adverb is modifying above it. • Verb • Adverb • Adjective
  15. 15. Check yourself verb 1. The train engine slowly pulled the freight cars. adverb 2. The teacher talked very rapidly. adjective 3. The rather charming girl left early. verb 4. The fish always swim.
  16. 16. But wait there’s more… • Act now and we will throw in a third part of speech at no extra cost.
  17. 17. Preposition • A word used to indicate a relationship between an object and another word in a sentence. • Prepositions can not act alone; they must have an object. • This means a preposition will always be a part of a phrase if used correctly.
  18. 18. Phrases • A phrase is a group of words working together as a single part of speech.
  19. 19. How prepositions work • Prepositional phrases will work to modify in the same ways that adjectives and adverbs do. • So if you ask the questions given earlier and get a one word answer, the answer is either an adjective or adverb depending on the question. • If the question needs two or more words to answer it and does not contain both a subject and a verb, it is a prepositional phrase.
  20. 20. Practice Homework: Complete the adverb or preposition worksheet. Remember if it does not have an object, it is not a preposition.