Teeth Alignment Problems or Malocclusion by Richmond Family Dentist


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Crossbite, overbite and underbite are just three of the most common terms used by dentists to describe teeth alignment problems or malocclusion. Although we don’t really care about how we bite, or if our teeth are aligned or not as long as we don’t feel any discomfort or pain, looking for the most appropriate solutions to fix teeth alignment problems is still the best way to prevent teeth from further damage.

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Teeth Alignment Problems or Malocclusion by Richmond Family Dentist

  1. 1. 6/1/2013Richmond Family Dentist Swinney, Brent DDS (765) 962-3000 (866) 763-4847Teeth Alignment Problems(Malocclusion)Richmond Family DentistSwinney, Brent D.D.S.Types of Teeth Alignment ProblemsCauses of MalocclusionHow To Fix Malocclusion
  2. 2. What Is Malocclusion?- popularly known as bad bite or poor bite, is acondition in which the teeth are crowded,crooked or out of alignment, or the jaws dontmeet properly. This condition may becomeparticularly noticeable between the ages of sixand 12, when the adult or permanent teeth areerupting. (ADA)Teeth Alignment Problems(Malocclusion)
  3. 3. Overbite- the extent of vertical (superior-inferior) overlap ofthe maxillary central incisors over the mandibular centralincisors; it does not refer to a lower jaw being too far behind theupper jaw (Wikipedia)Types of Teeth Alignment Problems(Malocclusion)
  4. 4. Underbite- a dental condition where the lower jaw protrudes up andoutward abnormally, partially overlapping with the upperteeth. (dentalhealthmed.com)Types of Teeth Alignment Problems(Malocclusion)
  5. 5. Crossbite- an occlusal irregularity where a tooth (or teeth) has amore buccal or lingual position (that is, the tooth is eithercloser to the cheek or to the tongue) than its correspondingantagonist tooth in the upper or lower arcade. (Wikipedia)Types of Teeth Alignment Problems(Malocclusion)
  6. 6. Malocclusion – usually caused by:• shape or size of the jaw or teeth• inherit mismatched traits such as jawsize, tooth size, transposed teeth etc.• tongue thrusting• thumb-suckingCauses of Malocclusion
  7. 7. • pacifier use for more than 4 to 6 hourswithin a 24-hour period.• tooth loss due to accidents, injuries ortooth decay• extra teeth• abnormal size of teeth• tumors of the mouth and jawCauses of Malocclusionwww.webmd.com/oral-health/tc/malocclusion-and-orthodontics-cause
  8. 8. Symptoms or Signs of Malocclusion includes one or two of thefollowing:• Abnormal alignment of teeth• Abnormal appearance of the face• Difficulty or discomfort when biting or chewing• Speech difficulties (rare) including lisp• Mouth breathing (breathing through the mouth withoutclosing the lips)http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001058.htmSymptoms
  9. 9. The goal is to correct the positioning of theteeth. Hence any of the following treatments orprocedure may apply:• Braces or other appliances may be used.• Metal bands are placed around some teeth, or metal,ceramic, or plastic bonds are attached to the surfaceof the teeth.How To Fix Malocclusionhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001058.htm
  10. 10. • Wires or springs apply force to the teeth.• One or more teeth may need to be removed ifovercrowding is part of the problem.• Rough or irregular teeth may be adjusted down,reshaped, and bonded or capped.• Misshapen restorations and dental appliances shouldbe repaired.• Surgery may be required on special cases.How To Fix Malocclusionhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001058.htm
  11. 11. BracesHow To Fix Malocclusion
  12. 12. Orthodontic ApplianceHow To Fix Malocclusion
  13. 13. How To Fix Malocclusion