0
 
Definitions & History Mortar Brick Masonry Concrete Masonry Stone Masonry Brick Masonary That’s  Masonry not Mason a ry….d...
 
 
 
Very very very brief  History <ul><li>Native field stones piled upon one another without mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Sod or d...
Mortar Functions <ul><li>Provides for full bearing </li></ul><ul><li>Seals between masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres...
Mortar Ingredients <ul><li>Portland Cement </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrated Lime </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Water ...
<ul><li>TYPES OF MORTAR:   “MSNOK” </li></ul><ul><li>Type &quot;M&quot; (High):   Strength (2500 psi)  </li></ul><ul><li>H...
<ul><li>Brick Positions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretcher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Header </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sold...
<ul><li>Course:  Continuous layer </li></ul><ul><li>Wythe:  Continuous vertical section </li></ul>
Basic Brickwork Terminology Bed Joint Head Joint Course - horizontal layer of brick
Basic Brickwork Terminology Header - Bonds two wythes together   Wythe: vertical layer 1 unit thick Soldier - Laid on its ...
<ul><li>Corbel  Shelf or ledge formed by projecting successive courses  of masonry out from the face of a wall </li></ul>
<ul><li>Quions  Stone blocks used to form strong corners. </li></ul>
Considerations in Choosing Brick <ul><li>Molding process </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><ul><li>“ Molded” or “Handmade” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solid units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pressed into fibergl...
<ul><li>EXTRUDED  pushed through a dye & then cut by wire  “kinda’ like square toothpaste”  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hollow c...
 
<ul><li>Firing Process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PERIODIC KILN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TUNNEL KILN </li></ul></ul>
Brick Masonry - Sizes and Shapes <ul><li>No standard size </li></ul><ul><li>Normal coursing - 3 bricks h  =   8” (includin...
<ul><li>Sizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MODULAR 8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STANDARD  7 5/8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THR...
Brick Masonry Important Qualities <ul><li>Grade: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherability: evaluates how the bricks will hold ...
<ul><li>Grades: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing Bricks:  evaluates the uniformity of shape, dimension, texture & color </li><...
Brick Bonds <ul><ul><li>Running bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacked bond </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Brick Joints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEATHERED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONCAVE  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VEE </...
Wood Mold Extruded – Wire Cut Extruded – Smooth Extruded – Raked
Joint Color that “Blends” w/ Brick Color
Concave Joints
 
Flush Joints
Racked Joints
 
<ul><li>Layout & Leads </li></ul><ul><li>Line </li></ul>
Stationary Scaffolding
Adjustable Scaffold
Tooling Joints
Spanning Masonry Openings <ul><li>Lintels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul></u...
Cleaning Masonry
Steel Lintel
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Brick Masonry Fall 09

3,630

Published on

Published in: Business, Travel
1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,630
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
570
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Provides for “full” bearing MASONRY UNITS IRREGULAR “ CUSHIONS” FULL BEARING Seals between masonry units WATER WIND Adheres / bonds masonry units STRUCTURAL BOND Aesthetics USUALLY 20% OF SURFACE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION GENERALY “ MOCKUP” ARCHITECT / OWNER APP’L PRIOR TO THE START OF MASONRY
  • Portland Cement SAME AS THE INGREDIANT IN CONCRETE BONDING AGENT Hydrated Lime ENHANCES WORKABLITY Sand CLEAN GRADED Water CLEAN (POTABLE) Admixtures (optional) WORKABILITY COMMON IN PRE-PACKAGED
  • REFER TO PAGE 269 Course HORIZONTAL LAYER OF MASONRY UNITS Head &amp; Bed Joints Wythe VERTICAL LAYER OF UNITS - ONE UNIT THICK Stretcher FACE PARALLEL TO WALL LONG DIMENSION HORIZONTAL Header LAID TO BOND TWO WYTHES TOGETHER Soldier LAID ON ITS END FACE PARALLEL TO WALL USES- VISUAL EFFECT Rowlock LAID ON ITS FACE END VISIBLE USES - CAPS, SILLS SLIDE 4280-3
  • Molding process EXTRUSION PRESSED MOLDED (HAND OR MACHINE) Color BASED ON CLAY COMPOSITION ADDITIVES / CHEMICALS FIRING PROCESS Size APPEARANCE, COST TO INSTALL Grade RESISTANCE TO WEATHERING THREE GRADES Type BASED ON THE DEGREE OF UNIFORMITY OF SHAPE DIMENSION TEXTURE COLOR HIGH UNIFORMITY TO NON-UNIFORM
  • No “standard” size SOME “COMMON” BRICK SIZES “Normal” coursing - 3 bricks = 8” MATCH CMU COURSING Larger sizes MORE ECONOMICAL TO LAY HIGHER STRENGTH BUT - CHANGE WALL APPEARANCE Custom Shapes &amp; Colors AVAILABLE - BUT LEAD TIME COST
  • Structural Bonds USE “HEADER” TO TIE WALL TOGETHER Cavity (Veneer) Walls BRICK DOES NOT PROVIDE STUCTURAL SUPPORT BRICK IS FOR Appearance &amp; EXTERIOR Barrier DON’T NEED HEADERS - INFACT WOULD BE IN THE WAY OF CAVITY HEREFORE Commonly USE - Running bond Stacked bond
  • Layout &amp; Leads ESTABLISH “LINE” &amp; “ELEVATION” LEADS - ESTABLISH WALL PLANE &amp; COURSE HEIGHT OFTEN - CORNERS Line LITERALLY - STRETCH A LINE &amp; LAY BRICK / BLOCK TO IT Staging HEAVY MATERIAL Difficult to USE LADDERS - NEED STAGING ESTABLISHING A WORK PLATFORM” SCAFOLD BUILT IN PLACE, ADJUSTABLE SCAFOLD, AUTOMATED SCAFOLDING Cutting Masonry HAMMER, DIAMOND BLADE (H2O COOLED) EXPENSIVE, - DESIGN ATTEMPTS TO Minimize Cleaning Masonry BRUSHED &amp; ACID CLEANED (PROTECTION OF OTHER SURFACES)
  • PURPOSE - PROVIDE SUPPORT AT OPENINGS Lintels Reinforced Concrete OFTEN PRECAST &amp; SET IN PLACE Reinforced Brick RARELY USED Steel Angles ECONOMICAL ALMOST INVISIBLE MOST COMMON - SINGLE W/VENEER Arches BUILD OUT OF MASONRY NEEDS TEMPORARY SUPPORT MORE LABOR INTENSIVE (MORE $) ALSO - WINDOW/DOOR MORE EXPENSIVE ASTHETICS
  • Transcript of "Brick Masonry Fall 09"

    1. 2. Definitions & History Mortar Brick Masonry Concrete Masonry Stone Masonry Brick Masonary That’s Masonry not Mason a ry….dummy! University of Virginia Library Thomas Jefferson – Architect Third President of the United States.
    2. 6. Very very very brief History <ul><li>Native field stones piled upon one another without mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Sod or dried mud </li></ul><ul><li>Clay & silt </li></ul><ul><li>1000 A.D. The Romans: perfected arch and vault, built forum buildings, theaters, baths, aqueducts & homes – temples like the Parthanon! </li></ul><ul><li>Mud joints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept out wind & rain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave a level building surface </li></ul></ul>
    3. 7. Mortar Functions <ul><li>Provides for full bearing </li></ul><ul><li>Seals between masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres / bonds masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>20%± of wall area </li></ul><ul><li>Affects the color and texture of masonry wall </li></ul><ul><li>Mortar specified in testing standard ASTM C-270 </li></ul>
    4. 8. Mortar Ingredients <ul><li>Portland Cement </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrated Lime </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Admixtures (optional) </li></ul>
    5. 9. <ul><li>TYPES OF MORTAR: “MSNOK” </li></ul><ul><li>Type &quot;M&quot; (High): Strength (2500 psi) </li></ul><ul><li>High lateral and compressive loads & below grade uses </li></ul><ul><li>Type &quot;S&quot; (Medium-High): Strength (1800 psi) </li></ul><ul><li>High flexural and normal compressive loads (most common) </li></ul><ul><li>Type &quot;N&quot; (Medium): Strength (750 psi) </li></ul><ul><li>General above grade uses (almost useless) </li></ul><ul><li>Type &quot;O&quot; (Medium-Low): Strength (350 psi) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Load bearing walls (pretty useless) </li></ul><ul><li>Type &quot;K&quot; (Low): Strength (75 psi) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Load bearing where permitted (fairly useless) </li></ul>
    6. 10. <ul><li>Brick Positions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stretcher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Header </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rowlock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailor </li></ul></ul>
    7. 11. <ul><li>Course: Continuous layer </li></ul><ul><li>Wythe: Continuous vertical section </li></ul>
    8. 12. Basic Brickwork Terminology Bed Joint Head Joint Course - horizontal layer of brick
    9. 13. Basic Brickwork Terminology Header - Bonds two wythes together Wythe: vertical layer 1 unit thick Soldier - Laid on its end, face parallel Rowlock - laid on face, end visible Stretcher - long dimension horizontal & face parallel to the wall
    10. 14. <ul><li>Corbel Shelf or ledge formed by projecting successive courses of masonry out from the face of a wall </li></ul>
    11. 15. <ul><li>Quions Stone blocks used to form strong corners. </li></ul>
    12. 16. Considerations in Choosing Brick <ul><li>Molding process </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Grade </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul>
    13. 17. <ul><ul><li>“ Molded” or “Handmade” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solid units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pressed into fiberglass, wood or steel molds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used to be by hand, now machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sand or water coated molds to release bricks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usually rougher surface and edges </li></ul></ul>
    14. 18. <ul><li>EXTRUDED pushed through a dye & then cut by wire “kinda’ like square toothpaste” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hollow core </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>formed into a column and cut to size with wires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usually smoother surface and finer edges </li></ul></ul>However, most brick is……….
    15. 20. <ul><li>Firing Process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PERIODIC KILN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TUNNEL KILN </li></ul></ul>
    16. 21. Brick Masonry - Sizes and Shapes <ul><li>No standard size </li></ul><ul><li>Normal coursing - 3 bricks h = 8” (including mortar joints so it aligns with 8” block (CMU) </li></ul><ul><li>Larger sizes mostly for economy </li></ul><ul><li>Custom Shapes & Colors ($$$$$) </li></ul>
    17. 22. <ul><li>Sizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MODULAR 8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STANDARD 7 5/8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THREE-INCH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OVERSIZE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ROMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NORMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SIX-INCH JUMBO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JUMBO </li></ul></ul>
    18. 23. Brick Masonry Important Qualities <ul><li>Grade: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherability: evaluates how the bricks will hold up to weather exposure (freeze/thaw, rain, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
    19. 24. <ul><li>Grades: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing Bricks: evaluates the uniformity of shape, dimension, texture & color </li></ul></ul>
    20. 25. Brick Bonds <ul><ul><li>Running bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacked bond </li></ul></ul>
    21. 26. <ul><li>Brick Joints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEATHERED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONCAVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FLUSH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAKED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STRIPPED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STRUCK </li></ul></ul>
    22. 27. Wood Mold Extruded – Wire Cut Extruded – Smooth Extruded – Raked
    23. 28. Joint Color that “Blends” w/ Brick Color
    24. 29. Concave Joints
    25. 31. Flush Joints
    26. 32. Racked Joints
    27. 34. <ul><li>Layout & Leads </li></ul><ul><li>Line </li></ul>
    28. 35. Stationary Scaffolding
    29. 36. Adjustable Scaffold
    30. 37. Tooling Joints
    31. 38. Spanning Masonry Openings <ul><li>Lintels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Concrete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Brick </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steel Angles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Arches </li></ul>
    32. 39. Cleaning Masonry
    33. 40. Steel Lintel
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×