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Prof. Richard Luxenburg  AIA Department of Architecture Anne Arundel Community College Brick  Masonry From the Coliseum to...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University of Virginia Library  T. Jefferson 1000 A.D.  The Romans: perfected arch and vault, built forum buildings, theat...
 
Brick Bonds <ul><ul><li>Running bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacked bond </li></ul></ul>
 
Joint Color that “Blends” w/ Brick Color  Corbel:  shelf or ledge formed by projecting successive    courses of masonry ou...
<ul><li>Brick Positions: </li></ul>Brick Bonding Patterns
<ul><li>Quoins:  articulation/accentuation  </li></ul><ul><li>of corners emphasizing support/buttressing </li></ul>
Wood Mold Extruded – Wire Cut Extruded – Smooth Extruded – Raked F L A S H I N G !
<ul><li>Molding process </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Grade </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li...
<ul><ul><li>“ Molded” or “Handmade” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solid units pressed into fiberglass, wood or steel molds us...
<ul><li>Sizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MODULAR 8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STANDARD  75/8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THRE...
Brick Masonry Important Qualities <ul><li>Grades: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherability: evaluates how the bricks will hold...
<ul><li>Provides for full bearing </li></ul><ul><li>Seals between masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres / bonds masonry ...
<ul><li>Brick Joints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEATHERED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONCAVE  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VEE </...
<ul><li>Line, Layout & Leads   </li></ul>
Tooling Joints
Adjustable Scaffold
Steel Lintel <ul><li>Lintels : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Concrete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce...
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Brick Masonry Part 1

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  • Structural Bonds USE “HEADER” TO TIE WALL TOGETHER Cavity (Veneer) Walls BRICK DOES NOT PROVIDE STUCTURAL SUPPORT BRICK IS FOR Appearance &amp; EXTERIOR Barrier DON’T NEED HEADERS - INFACT WOULD BE IN THE WAY OF CAVITY HEREFORE Commonly USE - Running bond Stacked bond
  • Molding process EXTRUSION PRESSED MOLDED (HAND OR MACHINE) Color BASED ON CLAY COMPOSITION ADDITIVES / CHEMICALS FIRING PROCESS Size APPEARANCE, COST TO INSTALL Grade RESISTANCE TO WEATHERING THREE GRADES Type BASED ON THE DEGREE OF UNIFORMITY OF SHAPE DIMENSION TEXTURE COLOR HIGH UNIFORMITY TO NON-UNIFORM
  • Provides for “full” bearing MASONRY UNITS IRREGULAR “ CUSHIONS” FULL BEARING Seals between masonry units WATER WIND Adheres / bonds masonry units STRUCTURAL BOND Aesthetics USUALLY 20% OF SURFACE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION GENERALY “ MOCKUP” ARCHITECT / OWNER APP’L PRIOR TO THE START OF MASONRY
  • Layout &amp; Leads ESTABLISH “LINE” &amp; “ELEVATION” LEADS - ESTABLISH WALL PLANE &amp; COURSE HEIGHT OFTEN - CORNERS Line LITERALLY - STRETCH A LINE &amp; LAY BRICK / BLOCK TO IT Staging HEAVY MATERIAL Difficult to USE LADDERS - NEED STAGING ESTABLISHING A WORK PLATFORM” SCAFOLD BUILT IN PLACE, ADJUSTABLE SCAFOLD, AUTOMATED SCAFOLDING Cutting Masonry HAMMER, DIAMOND BLADE (H2O COOLED) EXPENSIVE, - DESIGN ATTEMPTS TO Minimize Cleaning Masonry BRUSHED &amp; ACID CLEANED (PROTECTION OF OTHER SURFACES)
  • Transcript of "Brick Masonry Part 1"

    1. 1. Prof. Richard Luxenburg AIA Department of Architecture Anne Arundel Community College Brick Masonry From the Coliseum to Camden Yards
    2. 10. University of Virginia Library T. Jefferson 1000 A.D. The Romans: perfected arch and vault, built forum buildings, theaters, baths, aqueducts & homes – temples like the Parthanon!
    3. 12. Brick Bonds <ul><ul><li>Running bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacked bond </li></ul></ul>
    4. 14. Joint Color that “Blends” w/ Brick Color Corbel: shelf or ledge formed by projecting successive courses of masonry out from the face of a wall
    5. 15. <ul><li>Brick Positions: </li></ul>Brick Bonding Patterns
    6. 16. <ul><li>Quoins: articulation/accentuation </li></ul><ul><li>of corners emphasizing support/buttressing </li></ul>
    7. 17. Wood Mold Extruded – Wire Cut Extruded – Smooth Extruded – Raked F L A S H I N G !
    8. 18. <ul><li>Molding process </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Grade </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul>Most bricks are made by extrusion process!
    9. 19. <ul><ul><li>“ Molded” or “Handmade” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solid units pressed into fiberglass, wood or steel molds used to be by hand, now machines sand or water coated molds to release bricks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usually rougher surface and edges </li></ul></ul>
    10. 20. <ul><li>Sizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MODULAR 8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STANDARD 75/8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THREE-INCH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OVERSIZE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ROMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NORMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SIX-INCH JUMBO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JUMBO </li></ul></ul>
    11. 21. Brick Masonry Important Qualities <ul><li>Grades: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherability: evaluates how the bricks will hold up to weather exposure (freeze/thaw, rain, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing Bricks: evaluates the uniformity of shape, dimension, texture & color </li></ul></ul>
    12. 22. <ul><li>Provides for full bearing </li></ul><ul><li>Seals between masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres / bonds masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics ( 20% of wall area) </li></ul><ul><li>Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Portland Cement </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrated Lime </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>
    13. 23. <ul><li>Brick Joints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEATHERED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONCAVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FLUSH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAKED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STRIPPED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STRUCK </li></ul></ul>
    14. 24. <ul><li>Line, Layout & Leads </li></ul>
    15. 25. Tooling Joints
    16. 26. Adjustable Scaffold
    17. 27. Steel Lintel <ul><li>Lintels : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Concrete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Brick </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steel Angles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Arches </li></ul>
    18. 28. the end

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