Prof. Richard Luxenburg  AIA Department of Architecture Anne Arundel Community College Brick  Masonry From the Coliseum to...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University of Virginia Library  T. Jefferson 1000 A.D.  The Romans: perfected arch and vault, built forum buildings, theat...
 
Brick Bonds <ul><ul><li>Running bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacked bond </li></ul></ul>
 
Joint Color that “Blends” w/ Brick Color  Corbel:  shelf or ledge formed by projecting successive    courses of masonry ou...
<ul><li>Brick Positions: </li></ul>Brick Bonding Patterns
<ul><li>Quoins:  articulation/accentuation  </li></ul><ul><li>of corners emphasizing support/buttressing </li></ul>
Wood Mold Extruded – Wire Cut Extruded – Smooth Extruded – Raked F L A S H I N G !
<ul><li>Molding process </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Grade </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li...
<ul><ul><li>“ Molded” or “Handmade” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solid units pressed into fiberglass, wood or steel molds us...
<ul><li>Sizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MODULAR 8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STANDARD  75/8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THRE...
Brick Masonry Important Qualities <ul><li>Grades: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherability: evaluates how the bricks will hold...
<ul><li>Provides for full bearing </li></ul><ul><li>Seals between masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres / bonds masonry ...
<ul><li>Brick Joints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEATHERED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONCAVE  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VEE </...
<ul><li>Line, Layout & Leads   </li></ul>
Tooling Joints
Adjustable Scaffold
Steel Lintel <ul><li>Lintels : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Concrete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce...
the  end
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Brick Masonry Part 1

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  • Structural Bonds USE “HEADER” TO TIE WALL TOGETHER Cavity (Veneer) Walls BRICK DOES NOT PROVIDE STUCTURAL SUPPORT BRICK IS FOR Appearance &amp; EXTERIOR Barrier DON’T NEED HEADERS - INFACT WOULD BE IN THE WAY OF CAVITY HEREFORE Commonly USE - Running bond Stacked bond
  • Molding process EXTRUSION PRESSED MOLDED (HAND OR MACHINE) Color BASED ON CLAY COMPOSITION ADDITIVES / CHEMICALS FIRING PROCESS Size APPEARANCE, COST TO INSTALL Grade RESISTANCE TO WEATHERING THREE GRADES Type BASED ON THE DEGREE OF UNIFORMITY OF SHAPE DIMENSION TEXTURE COLOR HIGH UNIFORMITY TO NON-UNIFORM
  • Provides for “full” bearing MASONRY UNITS IRREGULAR “ CUSHIONS” FULL BEARING Seals between masonry units WATER WIND Adheres / bonds masonry units STRUCTURAL BOND Aesthetics USUALLY 20% OF SURFACE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION GENERALY “ MOCKUP” ARCHITECT / OWNER APP’L PRIOR TO THE START OF MASONRY
  • Layout &amp; Leads ESTABLISH “LINE” &amp; “ELEVATION” LEADS - ESTABLISH WALL PLANE &amp; COURSE HEIGHT OFTEN - CORNERS Line LITERALLY - STRETCH A LINE &amp; LAY BRICK / BLOCK TO IT Staging HEAVY MATERIAL Difficult to USE LADDERS - NEED STAGING ESTABLISHING A WORK PLATFORM” SCAFOLD BUILT IN PLACE, ADJUSTABLE SCAFOLD, AUTOMATED SCAFOLDING Cutting Masonry HAMMER, DIAMOND BLADE (H2O COOLED) EXPENSIVE, - DESIGN ATTEMPTS TO Minimize Cleaning Masonry BRUSHED &amp; ACID CLEANED (PROTECTION OF OTHER SURFACES)
  • Brick Masonry Part 1

    1. 1. Prof. Richard Luxenburg AIA Department of Architecture Anne Arundel Community College Brick Masonry From the Coliseum to Camden Yards
    2. 10. University of Virginia Library T. Jefferson 1000 A.D. The Romans: perfected arch and vault, built forum buildings, theaters, baths, aqueducts & homes – temples like the Parthanon!
    3. 12. Brick Bonds <ul><ul><li>Running bond </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stacked bond </li></ul></ul>
    4. 14. Joint Color that “Blends” w/ Brick Color Corbel: shelf or ledge formed by projecting successive courses of masonry out from the face of a wall
    5. 15. <ul><li>Brick Positions: </li></ul>Brick Bonding Patterns
    6. 16. <ul><li>Quoins: articulation/accentuation </li></ul><ul><li>of corners emphasizing support/buttressing </li></ul>
    7. 17. Wood Mold Extruded – Wire Cut Extruded – Smooth Extruded – Raked F L A S H I N G !
    8. 18. <ul><li>Molding process </li></ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul><ul><li>Grade </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul>Most bricks are made by extrusion process!
    9. 19. <ul><ul><li>“ Molded” or “Handmade” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>solid units pressed into fiberglass, wood or steel molds used to be by hand, now machines sand or water coated molds to release bricks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>usually rougher surface and edges </li></ul></ul>
    10. 20. <ul><li>Sizes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MODULAR 8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STANDARD 75/8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>THREE-INCH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OVERSIZE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ROMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NORMAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SIX-INCH JUMBO </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JUMBO </li></ul></ul>
    11. 21. Brick Masonry Important Qualities <ul><li>Grades: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weatherability: evaluates how the bricks will hold up to weather exposure (freeze/thaw, rain, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing Bricks: evaluates the uniformity of shape, dimension, texture & color </li></ul></ul>
    12. 22. <ul><li>Provides for full bearing </li></ul><ul><li>Seals between masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Adheres / bonds masonry units </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics ( 20% of wall area) </li></ul><ul><li>Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Portland Cement </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrated Lime </li></ul><ul><li>Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul>
    13. 23. <ul><li>Brick Joints </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WEATHERED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CONCAVE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VEE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FLUSH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RAKED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STRIPPED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STRUCK </li></ul></ul>
    14. 24. <ul><li>Line, Layout & Leads </li></ul>
    15. 25. Tooling Joints
    16. 26. Adjustable Scaffold
    17. 27. Steel Lintel <ul><li>Lintels : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Concrete </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforced Brick </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steel Angles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Arches </li></ul>
    18. 28. the end

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