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Brick Masonry Part 1
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Brick Masonry Part 1

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  • Structural Bonds USE “HEADER” TO TIE WALL TOGETHER Cavity (Veneer) Walls BRICK DOES NOT PROVIDE STUCTURAL SUPPORT BRICK IS FOR Appearance & EXTERIOR Barrier DON’T NEED HEADERS - INFACT WOULD BE IN THE WAY OF CAVITY HEREFORE Commonly USE - Running bond Stacked bond
  • Molding process EXTRUSION PRESSED MOLDED (HAND OR MACHINE) Color BASED ON CLAY COMPOSITION ADDITIVES / CHEMICALS FIRING PROCESS Size APPEARANCE, COST TO INSTALL Grade RESISTANCE TO WEATHERING THREE GRADES Type BASED ON THE DEGREE OF UNIFORMITY OF SHAPE DIMENSION TEXTURE COLOR HIGH UNIFORMITY TO NON-UNIFORM
  • Provides for “full” bearing MASONRY UNITS IRREGULAR “ CUSHIONS” FULL BEARING Seals between masonry units WATER WIND Adheres / bonds masonry units STRUCTURAL BOND Aesthetics USUALLY 20% OF SURFACE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION GENERALY “ MOCKUP” ARCHITECT / OWNER APP’L PRIOR TO THE START OF MASONRY
  • Layout & Leads ESTABLISH “LINE” & “ELEVATION” LEADS - ESTABLISH WALL PLANE & COURSE HEIGHT OFTEN - CORNERS Line LITERALLY - STRETCH A LINE & LAY BRICK / BLOCK TO IT Staging HEAVY MATERIAL Difficult to USE LADDERS - NEED STAGING ESTABLISHING A WORK PLATFORM” SCAFOLD BUILT IN PLACE, ADJUSTABLE SCAFOLD, AUTOMATED SCAFOLDING Cutting Masonry HAMMER, DIAMOND BLADE (H2O COOLED) EXPENSIVE, - DESIGN ATTEMPTS TO Minimize Cleaning Masonry BRUSHED & ACID CLEANED (PROTECTION OF OTHER SURFACES)
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    • 1. Prof. Richard Luxenburg AIA Department of Architecture Anne Arundel Community College Brick Masonry From the Coliseum to Camden Yards
    • 2.  
    • 3.  
    • 4.  
    • 5.  
    • 6.  
    • 7.  
    • 8.  
    • 9.  
    • 10. University of Virginia Library T. Jefferson 1000 A.D. The Romans: perfected arch and vault, built forum buildings, theaters, baths, aqueducts & homes – temples like the Parthanon!
    • 11.  
    • 12. Brick Bonds
        • Running bond
        • Stacked bond
    • 13.  
    • 14. Joint Color that “Blends” w/ Brick Color Corbel: shelf or ledge formed by projecting successive courses of masonry out from the face of a wall
    • 15.
      • Brick Positions:
      Brick Bonding Patterns
    • 16.
      • Quoins: articulation/accentuation
      • of corners emphasizing support/buttressing
    • 17. Wood Mold Extruded – Wire Cut Extruded – Smooth Extruded – Raked F L A S H I N G !
    • 18.
      • Molding process
      • Color
      • Size
      • Grade
      • Type
      Most bricks are made by extrusion process!
    • 19.
        • “ Molded” or “Handmade”
        • solid units pressed into fiberglass, wood or steel molds used to be by hand, now machines sand or water coated molds to release bricks
        • usually rougher surface and edges
    • 20.
      • Sizes:
        • MODULAR 8”
        • STANDARD 75/8”
        • THREE-INCH
        • OVERSIZE
        • ROMAN
        • NORMAN
        • SIX-INCH JUMBO
        • JUMBO
    • 21. Brick Masonry Important Qualities
      • Grades:
        • Weatherability: evaluates how the bricks will hold up to weather exposure (freeze/thaw, rain, etc.)
        • Facing Bricks: evaluates the uniformity of shape, dimension, texture & color
    • 22.
      • Provides for full bearing
      • Seals between masonry units
      • Adheres / bonds masonry units
      • Aesthetics ( 20% of wall area)
      • Mortar
      • Portland Cement
      • Hydrated Lime
      • Sand
      • Water
    • 23.
      • Brick Joints
        • WEATHERED
        • CONCAVE
        • VEE
        • FLUSH
        • RAKED
        • STRIPPED
        • STRUCK
    • 24.
      • Line, Layout & Leads
    • 25. Tooling Joints
    • 26. Adjustable Scaffold
    • 27. Steel Lintel
      • Lintels :
          • Reinforced Concrete
          • Reinforced Brick
          • Steel Angles
      • Arches
    • 28. the end