planting washing typing singing writing readingWhen a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a presentparticiple. It is important to understand that they are notthe same.
-When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund: Ex.-When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle. On the other hand, complete progressive verbs or act as modifiers. Ex. I have a teacher.
It looks like a verb;it doesn’t act like a verb; it’s a VERBAL!!
Points to Remember:Subjects Tell us whom or what a sentence is about.Direct Objects receive the action of certain action verbs called "transitive active verbs."Indirect Objects receive the direct object.Predicate Nouns(Nominative)or subjective complements come after linking verbs. They rename the subject of the sentence.Objects of the Preposition are nouns that follow a preposition. They are a necessary part of prepositional phrases.
Appositives- are nouns (sometimes modified by an adjective) that follows another noun (in commas) and which describes that noun.A gerund phrase consists of a gerund together with its modifiers. It may be modified by adjectives and adverbs or by phrases and by clauses.
What activity makes Mr.Cruz What is Mrs. Cruz hobby healthy? that improves her vocabulary?
What is Franz favorite hobby? What is Erlies pastime?
What does Lolo Genie enjoy What does Lola Amy lovedoing? doing?
Values IntegrationThere are many – good and badones. What do good hobbies give us?(Good hobbies give us enjoyment; make ushealthy and sharpen our knowledge.)
Directions: Locate the gerund (gerund phrase) in eachsentence. Then identify the gerunds function in the sentenceas subject, direct object, subjective complement, object ofpreposition, or appositive1. The maintenance workers continued cleaning up the debris from the storm. gerund phrase = cleaning up the debris from the storm Function = direct object2. A problem that continually plagues me is remembering peoples names. gerund phrase = remembering peoples names function = subjective complement
3. Clarence has a real talent for putting people at ease. gerund phrase = putting people at ease function = object of the preposition for4. Keeping the crowds orderly during the celebration will be a difficult task. Keeping the crowds orderly during the celebration gerund phrase = function = subject5. The woman insisted on paying for her own meal. gerund phrase = paying for her own meal function = object of the preposition on
6. His hobby, collecting stamps, keeps him busy. gerund phrase = collecting stamps function = appositive7. Planning can make the difference between a good and a bad trip. gerund = Planning function = subject8. The decorator suggested papering the wall with a floral design. papering the wall with a floral design gerund phrase = function = direct object
9. By cooperating, you will encourage a friendly atmosphere at the office. gerund = cooperating function = preposition By10. One attraction of this lake is fishing for large trout. gerund phrase = fishing for large trout function = subjective complement Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from the word before the sentence. (teach) 1) It is often said that ________ is the noblest profession. (dive) 2) Leo loves ________ into deep pools. (drink) 3) ________ eight to ten glasses of water is a healthy habit.
(smoke) 4) Most men’s hobby is ________.(attend) 5) ________ flag ceremony every day shows love for one’s country. Underline the gerund in the following sentences and give its use as a noun. _____________ 6. Crying is a kind of therapy. _______________ 7. He needs little exercising. _______________ 8. Her plan is going abroad someday. _______________ 9. Vegetable raising is profitable. ________________ 10. Washing our clothes is my problem.
Change these words into gerunds then use them in meaningful sentences.1. invest2. cook3. collect4. sleep 5. seek6. break7. smoke8. buy9. study10.learn
Thank you for listening!Prepared by: Richelle M. Galicia (Student teacher)AB-English PhilSCA-VAB