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Final leson plan Final leson plan Document Transcript

  • Demonstration Lesson Plan in Grammar English IIII. Learning Objectives: At the end of the lesson, students are expected to: • Use gerunds and gerund phrases accordingly • Construct sentences from a given slide show • Identify worth doing recreational activitiesII. Subject Matter A. Topic: Gerunds and Its Uses B. References: -Effective Drills in English Grammar by:Teresita R. Briones (pp.91-93) - http://www.towson.edu/ows/verbals.html#Gerunds C. Material: Power Point PresentationIII. Procedure A. Daily Routine 1. Prayer 2. Checking of Attendance B. Motivation Six students are asked to pick any numbers from one to six one at a time. Each number has corresponding words. Student will act the chosen word then the rest of the class will guess the student’s action that ends in –ing. Actions to be performed by the students: 1- planting 2- washing 3- typing 4- singing 5- writing 6- reading Then ask the students what they have noticed. Review of present participle and show the differences of gerund. C. Development of Lesson 1. Elicitation When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle. It is important to understand that they are not the same. Whats the difference? When we use a verb in -ing form more like a noun, it is usually a gerund: Ex. Singing is fun. When we use a verb in -ing form more like a verb or an adjective, it is usually a present participle. Ex. Anthony is singing. I have a boring teacher. What are Gerunds? How do they function? Gerunds are verbal forms ending in -ing that functions as a noun. Like an ordinary single-word noun, a gerund may be used as a1|Page Page 1 of 6
  • SUBJECT DIRECT OBJECT SUBJECTIVE COMPLEMENT OBJECT OF PREPOSITION2|Page Page 2 of 6
  • APPOSITIVE 2. Presentation Teacher presents a huge picture showing the hobbies or recreational activities of each member of a family. Observe the activities that each member is doing. How do you call these activities? (hobbies/recreational activities) (Teacher writes on the board the students’ answers for the given questions.) • What activity makes Mr. Cruz healthy? (Playing tennis makes Mr. Cruz healthy.) • What is Mrs. Cruz hobby that improves her vocabulary? ( Mrs.Cruz’s hobby, reading, improves her vocabulary.) • What is Franz’ favorite hobby? (Franz’ favorite hobby is biking around the village.) • What is Erlie’s past time? (Erlie’s past time is watching TV programs.) • What does Lolo Genie enjoy doing? (Lolo genie enjoys listening to the radio.)3|Page Page 3 of 6
  • • What does Lola Amy love doing? (Lola Amy loves gardening.) 3. Analysis Study the underlined phrase in each sentence. Give the first word for each underlined phrase. (playing, reading, biking, listening, watching, gardening) How do these words end? (They end with –ing.) These phrases are names of activities. Hence, these words with -ing are nouns. Identify the verb in each sentence. Where is each underlined phrase placed in the sentence? (It generally comes before or after the verb). D. Generalization A gerund is a verb form ending in –ing and used as a noun. Like an ordinary single-word noun, it may be used as a: Subjects-Tell us whom or what a sentence is about. Direct Objects-receive the action of certain action verbs called "transitive active verbs." Indirect Objects- receive the direct object. Predicate Nominative or subjective complements- come after linking verbs. They rename the subject of the sentence. Objects of the Preposition- are nouns that follow a preposition. They are a necessary part of prepositional phrases. Appositives- are nouns (sometimes modified by an adjective) that follows another noun (in commas) and which describes that noun. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund together with its modifiers. It may be modified by adjectives and adverbs or by phrases and by clauses. A gerund or a gerund phrase may come before or after the verb in a sentence. E. Post Activity 1. Application Directions: Locate the gerund (gerund phrase) in each sentence. Then identify the gerunds function in the sentence as subject, direct object, subjective complement, object of preposition, or appositive. Note: If the gerund is part of a gerund phrase, include the whole phrase in your answer. 1. The maintenance workers continued cleaning up the debris from the storm. cleaning up the debris f rom the storm gerund phrase = direct objects. function = 2. A problem that continually plagues me is remembering peoples names. gerund phrase = function =4|Page Page 4 of 6
  • 3. Clarence has a real talent for putting people at ease. gerund phrase = function = 4. Keeping the crowds orderly during the celebration will be a difficult task. gerund phrase = function = 5. The woman insisted on paying for her own meal. gerund phrase = function = 6. His hobby, collecting stamps, keeps him busy. gerund phrase = function = 7. Planning can make the difference between a good and a bad trip. gerund = function = 8. The decorator suggested papering the wall with a floral design. gerund phrase = function = 9. By cooperating, you will encourage a friendly atmosphere at the office. gerund = function = 10. One attraction of this lake is fishing for large trout. gerund phrase = function =5|Page Page 5 of 6
  • 2. Values Integration There are many hobbies – good and bad ones. What do good hobbies give us? (Good hobbies give us enjoyment; make us healthy and sharpen our knowledge.)IV. Evaluation Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from the word before the sentence. (teach) 1) It is often said that ________ is the noblest profession. (dive) 2) Leo loves ________ into deep pools. (drink) 3) ________ eight to ten glasses of water is a healthy habit. (smoke) 4) Most men’s hobby is ________. (attend) 5) ________ flag ceremony every day shows love for one’s country. Underline the gerund in the following sentences and give its use as a noun. _____________ 6. Crying is a kind of therapy. _______________ 7. He needs little exercising. _______________ 8. Her plan is going abroad someday. _______________ 9. Vegetable raising is profitable. ________________ 10. Washing our clothes is my problem.V. Assignment Change these words into gerunds then use them in meaningful sentences. 1. invest 2. cook 3. collect 4. sleep 5. seek 6. break 7. smoke 8. buy 9. study 10. learn Prepared by: Richelle M. Galicia Student teacher (AB-English) Submitted to Mrs. Bernadita V. Rino Cooperating Teacher6|Page Page 6 of 6
  • 2. Values Integration There are many hobbies – good and bad ones. What do good hobbies give us? (Good hobbies give us enjoyment; make us healthy and sharpen our knowledge.)IV. Evaluation Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from the word before the sentence. (teach) 1) It is often said that ________ is the noblest profession. (dive) 2) Leo loves ________ into deep pools. (drink) 3) ________ eight to ten glasses of water is a healthy habit. (smoke) 4) Most men’s hobby is ________. (attend) 5) ________ flag ceremony every day shows love for one’s country. Underline the gerund in the following sentences and give its use as a noun. _____________ 6. Crying is a kind of therapy. _______________ 7. He needs little exercising. _______________ 8. Her plan is going abroad someday. _______________ 9. Vegetable raising is profitable. ________________ 10. Washing our clothes is my problem.V. Assignment Change these words into gerunds then use them in meaningful sentences. 1. invest 2. cook 3. collect 4. sleep 5. seek 6. break 7. smoke 8. buy 9. study 10. learn Prepared by: Richelle M. Galicia Student teacher (AB-English) Submitted to Mrs. Bernadita V. Rino Cooperating Teacher6|Page Page 6 of 6
  • 2. Values Integration There are many hobbies – good and bad ones. What do good hobbies give us? (Good hobbies give us enjoyment; make us healthy and sharpen our knowledge.)IV. Evaluation Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from the word before the sentence. (teach) 1) It is often said that ________ is the noblest profession. (dive) 2) Leo loves ________ into deep pools. (drink) 3) ________ eight to ten glasses of water is a healthy habit. (smoke) 4) Most men’s hobby is ________. (attend) 5) ________ flag ceremony every day shows love for one’s country. Underline the gerund in the following sentences and give its use as a noun. _____________ 6. Crying is a kind of therapy. _______________ 7. He needs little exercising. _______________ 8. Her plan is going abroad someday. _______________ 9. Vegetable raising is profitable. ________________ 10. Washing our clothes is my problem.V. Assignment Change these words into gerunds then use them in meaningful sentences. 1. invest 2. cook 3. collect 4. sleep 5. seek 6. break 7. smoke 8. buy 9. study 10. learn Prepared by: Richelle M. Galicia Student teacher (AB-English) Submitted to Mrs. Bernadita V. Rino Cooperating Teacher6|Page Page 6 of 6
  • 2. Values Integration There are many hobbies – good and bad ones. What do good hobbies give us? (Good hobbies give us enjoyment; make us healthy and sharpen our knowledge.)IV. Evaluation Complete each sentence with a gerund formed from the word before the sentence. (teach) 1) It is often said that ________ is the noblest profession. (dive) 2) Leo loves ________ into deep pools. (drink) 3) ________ eight to ten glasses of water is a healthy habit. (smoke) 4) Most men’s hobby is ________. (attend) 5) ________ flag ceremony every day shows love for one’s country. Underline the gerund in the following sentences and give its use as a noun. _____________ 6. Crying is a kind of therapy. _______________ 7. He needs little exercising. _______________ 8. Her plan is going abroad someday. _______________ 9. Vegetable raising is profitable. ________________ 10. Washing our clothes is my problem.V. Assignment Change these words into gerunds then use them in meaningful sentences. 1. invest 2. cook 3. collect 4. sleep 5. seek 6. break 7. smoke 8. buy 9. study 10. learn Prepared by: Richelle M. Galicia Student teacher (AB-English) Submitted to Mrs. Bernadita V. Rino Cooperating Teacher6|Page Page 6 of 6