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Literacy ed Literacy ed Presentation Transcript

  • LiteracyThe State of Education SeriesMarch 2013A Global Report
  • SummaryThis presentation is divided into twosections: Youth Literacy Rates Adult Literacy RatesIt includes detailed analysis of literacy ratesby regions and by genders.
  • Acronym GuideAcronym NameEAP East Asia and PacificECA Europe and Central AsiaLAC Latin American and the CaribbeanMNA Middle East and North AfricaSAS South AsiaSSA Sub-Saharan AfricaWLD World (Global Aggregate)GPI Gender Parity Index (female value/male value)
  • YouthLiteracy
  • Have youth literacy rates improvedover time? Global youth literacyrates have improvedfrom 83.3% (1985-2004)to 89.6% (2005-2010) or6.3 percentage points. Still, around 10% ofyouth emerge fromeducation systemsaround the world withoutbasic literacy skills. All regions showedimprovement in youthliteracy rates over time. SAS showed the mostdramatic improvementfrom 58% to 79.5% -- a21 percentage pointimprovement.(continued on next slide)Youth literacy rates have been increasing inall regions over time.50556065707580859095100EAP ECA LAC MNA SAS SSA WLDYouthliteracyrate(%).Total1985-19941995-20042005-2010Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013
  •  ECA has consistentlyhad the highest youthliteracy rate rangingfrom 98-99%. Over time, EAP hasalmost caught up toECA’s high youthliteracy levels and LACtrails closely behind.More than 97% ofyouth are literate inthese regions. More 25% of youth areilliterate in SSA, butthis is a 6 percentagepoint improvementover 1985-1995.Have youth literacy rates improvedover time? (continued)Youth literacy rates have been increasing inall regions over time.50556065707580859095100EAP ECA LAC MNA SAS SSA WLDYouthliteracyrate(%).Total1985-19941995-20042005-2010Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013
  • Which countries have the lowestyouth literacy rates? Less than half of youthare literate in BurkinaFaso, Mali and Chad. All of the countries withthe lowest literacy ratesare in SSA. Of the 142 countries withdata, 22 countries haveyouth literacy rates lessthan 75%. All are in SSAexcept forPakistan, Haiti, andPapua New Guinea. 89 countries have youthliteracy rates higher than95%.10 Countries with the LowestYouth Literacy Rates(2006-2010)1 Burkina Faso 39.32 Mali 44.33 Chad 47.04 Benin 55.05 Ethiopia 55.06 Sierra Leone 59.47 Guinea 63.48 Madagascar 64.99 Congo, Dem. Rep. 65.010 Senegal 65.0Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013Note: Data were not available for 72 countries. Most recent data year isdisplayed; Black = 2010; Green = 2009; Blue = 2007.
  • Which countries have increased youthliteracy rates the most over time? These countries haveincreased their youthliteracy rates by 10 to16 percentage pointsover time. 8 of 10 countries arein SSA. Despite greatimprovement, only 4of 10 countries haveyouth literacy rateshigher than 75%. Four countries’ ratesworsened by morethan 2% over thesame period: Iraq,Madagascar, Haiti,and Congo, Dem.Rep.10 Countries with theMost Improvement inYouth Literacy RatesPercentagePointsImproved1999-2004Rate2006-2010Rate%Improved1 Guinea 16.3 47.1 63.4 34.62 Senegal 15.9 49.1 65.0 32.43 Gambia, The 14.1 52.6 66.7 26.84 Bangladesh 13.4 63.6 77.0 21.15 Nepal 13.0 70.1 83.1 18.56 Guinea-Bissau 12.6 59.5 72.1 21.27 Sierra Leone 11.5 47.9 59.4 24.08 Eritrea 11.4 77.9 89.3 14.69 Ghana 10.1 70.7 80.8 14.310Mozambique 9.9 61.9 71.8 16.0Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013Notes: Data are most current available year within the time period;Data were not available for 93 of 214 countries.
  • Youth Literacy Rate. Total(2006-2010)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the most recent available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • Is there disparity betweengenders in youth literacy rates? Globally, there is still agender gap in youthliteracy rates, though thegap has been shrinkingover time. There was a 8.6%difference between maleand female youth literacyrates during 1985-1994. The gender gap shrunkby 41.5% to 5.0% during2005-2010. 92% ofmales were literatecompared to 87% offemales.Fewer females emerge from educationsystems with basic literacy skills than males.87.690.492.279.083.987.17075808590951985-1994 1995-2004 2005-2010YouthLiteracyRate(%)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013Male Female
  • Are gender disparities in youthliteracy rates decreasing? Gender disparitiesbetween male andfemale youth literacyrates have decreased inall regions. EAP, ECA, and LAChave achieved almostperfect gender parity(1.0), whileMNA, SAS, and SSAlag behind. SAS and MNA haveimproved greatly overtime: They moved 0.17and 0.14 closer togender parity. Progress in SSA hasbeen slower with only0.09 improvement.Gender disparities in youth literacy rates havedecreased over time in all regions.0.900.930.950.650.700.750.800.850.900.951.001.051985-1994 1995-2004 2005-2010GenderParityIndex(GPI)forYouthLiteracyRateSource: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013EAP ECA LAC MNA SAS SSA WLD
  • Gender Parity Index for YouthLiteracy Rate(2006-2010)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the most recent available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.GenderParityMaleBiasMaleBiasMaleBias
  • Which countries have thelowest female literacy rates? The 20 lowest femaleyouth literacy rateswere all found in Sub-Saharan Africancountries except forPakistan. Only 1/3 of femaleyouth are literate inBurkina Faso and Mali. Less than half offemale youth areliterate in the top 5countries.10 Countries with the LowestFemale Youth Literacy Rates(2006-2010)1 Burkina Faso 33.12 Mali 33.93 Chad 40.64 Benin 44.65 Ethiopia 47.06 Sierra Leone 50.17 Senegal 56.28 Guinea 57.09 Central African Republic 58.210 Pakistan 61.5Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013; Note:Data points are the most recent year available: Green = 2009; Blue =2007; Black = 2010; Data were not available for 71 countries.
  • Which countries have increased femaleyouth literacy rates the most over time? These countries haveincreased their femaleyouth literacy rates by14 to 23 percentagepoints over time. 8 of 10 countries arein SSA and 2 are inSAS. Despite greatimprovement, only 4of 10 countries havefemale youth literacyrates higher than75%. Haiti’s female youthliteracy rate worsenedover the period by 10percentage points.10 Countries with theMost Improvement inFemale Youth Literacy RatesPercentagePointsImproved1999-2004Rate2006-2010Rate%Improved1 Guinea 22.9 34.1 57.0 67.22 Gambia, The 20.3 41.4 61.7 49.13 Guinea-Bissau 19.4 45.9 65.3 42.34 Nepal 18.2 60.1 78.4 30.35 Bangladesh 18.2 60.3 78.5 30.36 Chad 17.3 23.2 40.6 74.67 Eritrea 17.2 69.5 86.7 24.78 Senegal 15.2 41.0 56.2 37.29 Mozambique 15.0 50.0 65.1 30.010Ghana 14.4 65.5 79.9 22.0Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013Notes: Data are most current available year within the time period;Data were not available for 92 of 213 countries.
  • Youth Literacy Rate. Female(2006-2010)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the most recent available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • AdultLiteracy
  • Have adult literacy rates improvedover time? Global adult literacyrates improved from75.7% to 84.1% -- an 8percentage pointincrease over time. Still, 16% of adults haveemerged fromeducation systemswithout basic literacyskills. All regions showedimprovement in adultliteracy rates, but MNAimproved the most from56% to 76% -- a 20percentage pointincrease over time.(continued on next slide)Adult literacy rates have been increasing overthe years in all regions.404550556065707580859095100EAP ECA LAC MNA SAS SSA WLDAdultliteracyrate(%).Total1985-19941995-20042005-2010Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013
  • Have adult literacy rates improvedover time? (continued) ECA has consistentlyhad the highest adultliteracy rates (95%+). More than 1/3 of adultsare illiterate in SASand SSA, but SASimproved from 46% to62% – a 16 percentagepoint increase. SSA has improvedmore slowly than SASat 8.4 percentagepoints of improvementover time.Adult literacy rates have been increasing over theyears in all regions.404550556065707580859095100EAP ECA LAC MNA SAS SSA WLDAdultliteracyrate(%).Total1985-19941995-20042005-2010Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013
  • Which countries have the lowestadult literacy rates? 9 of the 10 countrieswith the lowest adultliteracy rates are inSSA. Haiti is theexception. Less than one third ofadults are literate in Maliand Burkina Faso. Of the 149 countrieswith data, 20 countrieshave adult literacy ratesless than 60% and 43countries have adultliteracy rates less than75%. 75 countries have adultliteracy rates higher than90%.10 Countries with the Lowest AdultLiteracy Rates(2006-2010)1 Burkina Faso 28.72 Mali 31.13 Chad 34.54 Ethiopia 39.05 Guinea 41.06 Sierra Leone 42.17 Benin 42.48 Haiti 48.79 Senegal 49.710 Gambia, The 50.0Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013Note: Data were not available for 71 countries. Data are for the most recentavailable year. Purple = 2006; Blue = 2007; Green = 2009; Black = 2010.
  • Which countries have increased adultliteracy rates the most over time? These countries haveincreased their adultliteracy rates by 9 to21 percentage pointsover time. 7 of 10 countries arein SSA. Despite greatimprovement, at least30% of adults wereilliterate in all thesecountries exceptSudan. Haiti’s adult literacyrate worsened by 10percentage points,and Madagascar’s by6 percentage points.10 Countries with theMost Improvement inAdult Literacy RatesPercentagePointsImproved1999-2004Rate2006-2010Rate%Improved1 Timor-Leste 20.7 37.6 58.3 55.12 Eritrea 15.3 52.5 67.8 29.13 Gambia, The 13.1 36.8 50.0 35.74 Guinea-Bissau 12.8 41.4 54.2 31.05 Nepal 11.7 48.6 60.3 24.16 Guinea 11.3 29.7 41.0 38.27 Senegal 10.4 39.3 49.7 26.58 Sudan 9.7 61.3 71.1 15.89 Ghana 9.4 57.9 67.3 16.210Bangladesh 9.3 47.5 56.8 19.6Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013;Notes: Data are most current available year within the time period;Data were not available for 87 of 214 countries.
  • Adult Literacy Rate. Total(2006-2010)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the most recent available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • Is there disparity betweengenders in adult literacy rates? Globally, there is still agender gap in adultliteracy rates, though thegap has been shrinkingover time. There was a 12.6%difference between male(82%) and female(69.4%) adult literacyrates during 1985-1994. The gender gap shrunkby 29% to 8.9% during2005-2010. 88.6% ofmales were literatecompared to 79.7% offemales.Fewer adult females have basic literacy skills,but the gender gap has decreased over time.82.086.988.669.476.979.701020304050607080901001985-1994 1995-2004 2005-2010AdultLiteracyRate(%)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, Mar. 2013Male Female
  • Have gender disparities in adultliteracy rates decreased over time? Gender disparities inadult literacy rates havedecreased over time inall regions. ECA and LAC haveachieved gender paritywith GPIs at 0.98. MNA, SAS, and EAPhave made the mostprogress by moving0.16, 0.13, and 0.13closer to 1.0 (genderparity) respectively. Progress in SSA hasbeen slower with only0.09 improvement. SAS, SSA, and MNA arefurthest from genderparity in adult literacy.All regions are moving closer to gender parityin adult literacy rates.0.85 0.88 0.900.500.550.600.650.700.750.800.850.900.951.001.051985-1994 1995-2004 2005-2010GenderParityIndex(GPI)forAdultLiteracyRateSource: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013EAP ECA LAC MNA SAS SSA WLD
  • Which countries have thelowest female literacy rates? Less than one quarterof females are literatein the top 3 countries –Mali, BurkinaFaso, and Chad. Lessthan one third offemales are literate inthe top 7 countries. All the countries on thelist are in SSA exceptPakistan. Of the 144 countrieswith data, 19 countrieshave female adultliteracy rates less than50% and 70 countrieshave rates higher than90%.10 Countries with the LowestFemale Adult Literacy Rates(2006-2010)1 Mali 20.32 Burkina Faso 21.63 Chad 24.24 Ethiopia 28.95 Guinea 30.06 Benin 30.37 Sierra Leone 31.48 Senegal 38.79 Pakistan 40.310 Gambia, The 40.4Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013Note: Data were not available for 71 countries. Data are for the most recentavailable year. Blue = 2007; Green = 2009; Black = 2010.
  • Which countries have increased femaleadult literacy rates the most over time? These countries haveincreased their femaleadult literacy rates by11 to 23 percentagepoints over time. Six of the countries arein SSA; 2 are in SAS. Despite greatimprovement, morethan 1/3 of women areilliterate in all of thesecountries except SaudiArabia. Haiti’s rate worsenedby 10.3 percentagepoints over time.10 Countries with theMost Improvement inFemale Adult Literacy RatesPercentagePointsImproved1999-2004Rate2006-2010Rate%Improved1 Timor-Leste 23.0 30.0 53.0 76.52 Eritrea 17.3 40.2 57.5 43.13 Gambia, The 15.4 25.1 40.4 61.44 Nepal 13.5 34.9 48.3 38.65 Guinea-Bissau 13.1 27.5 40.6 47.76 Saudi Arabia 12.1 69.3 81.3 17.47 Guinea 11.8 18.2 30.0 64.78 Ghana 11.4 49.8 61.2 22.99 Bangladesh 11.4 40.8 52.2 27.910Chad 11.4 12.8 24.2 89.0Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, March 2013Notes: Data are most current available year within the time period;Data were not available for 90 of 213 countries.
  • Adult Literacy Rate. Female(2006-2010)Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics in EdStats, 2013Note: Data displayed is for the most recent available yearThe maps displayed were produced by EdStats. The boundaries, colors, denominations and anyother information shown on this map do not imply, on the part of the World Bank Group, anyjudgment on the legal status of any territory, or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.The maps are for reference only.
  • This presentation utilizes the following data source:UNESCO Institute for Statistics data in the EdStats Query The presentation was created with the most recent UIS data release thatincluded 2010 data for most countries. Indicators were calculated by UIS according to definitions available in theEdStats Query.Data Sources
  • The State of Education SeriesThe following State of Education presentationsare available on the EdStats website:Educational Levels: Pre-Primary Education Primary Education Secondary Education Tertiary EducationTopics: Access Quality Expenditures Literacy Equity Gender