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The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and
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The loss of cuba%2c the philippines and

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  1. THE LOSS OF THE COLONIES
  2. INTRODUCTION -COLONIZATION BEGAN IN 1492-TERRITORIES WERE DIVIDED IN VICEROYALTIES -CHARLES III MADE CHANGES -GROWING INDEPENDENTIST FEELING -SPANISH SITUATION
  3. KEY WORDS:-VICEROYALTY: VIRREINATO -VICEROY: VIRREY -CREOLE: CRIOLLO -ROYALIST: REALISTA -PENINSULAR
  4. VICEROYALTY OF NUEVA ESPANA
  5. VICEROYALTY OF RÍO DE LA PLATA ARGENTINA BOLIVIA SOUTH OF BRAZIL NORTH OF CHILE URUGUAY PARAGUAY ALTO PERÚ
  6. VICEROYALTY OF PERU -LEGAL WHITENESS -LIBERATING ARMIES:EJÉRCITOS LIBERTADORES *SAN MARTÍN *BOLÍVAR -BATTLE OF AYACUCHO
  7. GENERAL CAPITAINCY OF CHILE -NATIVES  MINORITY -REPUBLIC I NO SOCIAL BASE -BATTLE OF MAIPÚ
  8. GENERAL CAPITAINCY OF VENEZUELA ANDVICEROYALTY OF NUEVA GRANADA -ECUADOR -COLOMBIA -PANAMA -VENEZUELA MAJORITY BLACK PEOPLE REPUBLIC I NO SOCIAL BASE REPUBLIC II LITTLE SOCIAL BASE REPUBLIC III ENGLISH POLITICAL SYSTEM
  9. Art and Culture in Spanish MonarchyNeoclassic style (middle XVIII – early XIX) Charles IV Ferdinand VIIRomantic style (from 1834 to late XIX)
  10. Architecture Juan de Villanueva Antonio López Aguado PaintingFrancisco de Goya y Lucientes Literature José de Espronceda Mariano José de Larra Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch Duke of Rivas José Zorrilla
  11. ArchitectureJuan de Villanueva Museo del Prado (1785-1808) Royal Botanic Garden of Madrid (1781) Astronomical Observatory of El Retiro (1790) Plaza Mayor of Madrid (1790)
  12. Villanueva Building. Museo del Prado. Madrid Pavillion by Juan de Villanueva. Royal Botanic Gardens of MadridAstronomical Observatory of El Retiroby Juan de Villanueva. Madrid
  13. Plaza Mayor of Madrid by Juan de VillanuevaFinished by Antonio López Aguado and Custodio Moreno
  14. Architecture (II)Antonio López Aguado Museo del Prado (1818-1831) Plaza Mayor of Madrid (1874) Puerta de Toledo (1813-1827) Royal Theatre (1818) Palace of Villahermosa (Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum) (1805) Queen’s Baths (Solan de Cabras Spa in Cuenca) (1817)
  15. Puerta de Toledo by Antonio López AguadoRoyal Theatre by Antonio López Aguadoand Custodio Moreno. Madrid
  16. Palace of Villanueva by Antonio López Aguado Thyssen-Bonemisza Museum. MadridQueen’s baths by Antonio López AguadoSolán de Cabras Spa. Cuenca
  17. Painting• Francisco de Goya y Lucientes  Court painter Portraits  Historical chronicler at the time The disasters of war
  18. Charles IV of Spain and His Family by Francisco de GoyaThe third of May 1808by Francisco de Goya
  19. The Disasters of War by Goya
  20. LiteratureJosé de Espronceda Canto a Teresa Sancho Saldaña o El castellano de Cuéllar Poesías (Poems): • El estudiante de Salamanca (The Student of Salamanca) • Diablo Mundo (Devil World)
  21. Literature (II)Mariano José de Larra Vuelva usted mañana (Come back tomorrow) Corridas de toros (Bullfights) Casarse pronto y mal (Get married soon and badly) El castellano grosero (The rude Castilian)
  22. Literature (III)Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch The lovers of TeruelDuke of Rivas Don Álvaro o la fuerza del sino (Don Álvaro orthe power of fate)José Zorrilla Don Juan Tenorio
  23. Arts and Culture in the Colonies (XIXth)Architecture: Manuel TolsáPainting: Christopher Lozano, Christopher de AguilarLiterature: Pablo de Olavide
  24. THE LOSS OF CUBA, THEPHILIPPINES AND PUERTO RICO ..... THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR
  25. - WAR ON 2 FRONTS PACIFIC / CARIBBEAN- THE IMPORTANCE OF CUBA - SITUATION IN CUBA
  26. - 1868: TEN YEARS’ WARCARLOS MANUEL DE CESPEDES TREATY OF ZANJON - 1879:THE LITTLE WAR CALIXTO GARCIA - 1895 GUERILLA WAR JOSE MARTI
  27. CANOVAS DEL CASTILLOGENERAL VALERIANO WEYLER
  28. - THE INTERVENTION OF THE UNITED STATES WILLIAM McKINLEY - AUTONOMY OF CUBA 1st JANUARY 1898
  29. - THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR BEGINS APRIL 25TH 1898
  30. RAMON BLANCO GENERAL MAXIMO GOMEZ
  31. THE PHILIPPINES- IN 1521 THE FIRST SPANISH ARRIVED TO THE PHILIPPINES - THE COLONIZATION - JOSE RIZAL
  32. - THE FIRST CLASH- GEORGE DEWEY AND PATRICIO MONTOJO - SPANISH LOSS
  33. - FIRST AMERICAN DEFEAT - FERMIN JAUDENES- THE SPANISH SURRENDER
  34. BATTLE OF MANILA BAY
  35. PUERTO RICO - MAY 1898 - HENRY H. WHITNEY- THE US BATTLESHIP USS YALE
  36. USS YALE
  37. - CERRO GERVASIO DEL ASOMANTE- THE BATTLES OF GUANICA AND YAUCO - BATTLE OF FAJARDO
  38. - THE WAR LASTED 4 MONTHS - HOSTILITIES END 12th AUGUST 1898 - TREATY OF PARIS 10th DECEMBER 1898
  39. Culture of Spain and theColonies at the end of the Nineteenth Century.
  40. SpainDemographicSituation
  41. LiteratureGeneration 98ModernismNovecentism
  42. PaintingJoaquín Zuloaga (1870 - 1945)Ignacio Sorolla(1863-1923)
  43. SciencesSantiago Ramón y Cajal(1852 -1934)The Doctrine of the Nerve Cells
  44. First Colony: CubaDemographicsituation
  45. Culture ¡Cuba, Cuba, que vida me diste,Popular Hymn dulce tierra de luz y hermosura! ¡Cuánto sueño de gloria y venturaJosé María Heredias tengo unido a tu sueño feliz! ¡Y te vuelvo a mirar...! Cuán severo, hoy me oprime el rigor de mi suerte la opresión me amenaza con muerte en los campos do al mundo nací.
  46. Puerto RicoDemographicsituation
  47. Culture and Literature ¡Despierta, borinqueño,que han dado la señal! Lola Rodriguez de Tío¡Despierta de ese sueño, (1843-1924)que es hora de luchar!A ese llamar patriótico,¿no arde tu corazón?Francisco Gonzado Marín(1863-1900)
  48. The PhilippinesDemographicsituation
  49. Culture and LiteratureAdelina Gurrea (1896-1971)Cuentos de JuanaJesús Balmori (1887-1948)Pájaros de FuegoPopular songs of Independence

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