THE   CATHOLIC KINGS BY GROUP:  4   Alba Romero  María Olías Cristina Bascuñana Marta Becares
INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Catholic kings reign: </li></ul><ul><li>beginning  of the Modern  Age  in the Spanish Monarchy. </li>...
Common background between Castile and Aragon <ul><li>Social crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Suffered from political instability  ...
The dinastic union <ul><li>Enrique  Blanca de Navarra </li></ul><ul><li>Juana de Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Juana “La Belt...
<ul><li>Isabel  Fernando in secret  Enrique was </li></ul><ul><li>angry an put  </li></ul><ul><li>Juana as heir. </li></ul...
<ul><li>-1479 Fernando’s father died, he started to be the king of Aragon.  </li></ul><ul><li>-The union of Isabel and Fer...
Domestic policy <ul><li>Territorial union  conquer of Granada </li></ul><ul><li>annexation of  </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal....
FOREIGN POLICY <ul><li>The expansion of the Kingdom: </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando dedicated him-self to this poliocy </li></...
<ul><li>One of the main objectives of the kingdom was to expand Chistianity and to stop the Turkish advance. </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>The Marriage policy </li></ul><ul><li>The Catholic Kings negociated a series of marriages for their children.  </l...
 
<ul><li>The administration of the Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>August 3rd, 1492, Colon departed from the Palo’s habour. </li...
STRENGTHENING OF ROYAL POWER <ul><li>Desire to make the monarchy the most important.  </li></ul><ul><li>Against nobility: ...
RELIGIOUS UNITY <ul><li>The role of the church in the XVth century. </li></ul><ul><li>The religious policy gave rise to tw...
Conquest of nasrid kingdom of Granada <ul><li>after the problem of succesion of the kingdom of castilla  started the conqu...
<ul><li>Reason: desire of the Catholic kings for recovering the Castilian lands that were in possesion of the Muslisms  </...
<ul><li>1501  presence of the Muslims wasn´t  </li></ul><ul><li>allowed  </li></ul><ul><li>convert to Christianity ( Moori...
The annexation to the kingdom of Navarre <ul><li>XV century    governing the kings:  </li></ul><ul><li>Juan de Albrecht  ...
<ul><li>CIVIL WAR: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Agromonteses”(Juan II    Aragon and France) </li></ul><ul><li>2 groups </li></ul><...
Economy and Society <ul><li>Society: </li></ul><ul><li>- Nobility    conserved their power. </li></ul><ul><li>- Bourgeois...
<ul><li>Law on Defense of the Cañadas (1489) </li></ul><ul><li>privileges to the Mesta  </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign trade  ...
Conquest of the Canary islands  (1402-1496) <ul><li>“  señorial” conquest </li></ul><ul><li>two different periods  </li></...
<ul><li>Around 1450s, increased the occupation of the castilian kings in the Canary islands, through capitulations with th...
The rapprochement to Portugal <ul><li>through the marriage policy </li></ul>
The institutions in the Reign of the Catholic Kings <ul><li>No territorial and institutional union of the crowns. </li></u...
<ul><li>ARAGON`S INSTITUTIONS : </li></ul><ul><li> each of the components (Aragon, Mallorca, Valencia and Cataluña) had t...
Last years of the Catholic Kings and Succesion <ul><li>Isabel I died in 1504. In her testament: -Juana I, queen of Castile...
<ul><li>The Fernando II’s return was characterized by:  -Incorporation of Navarra (1512)   -Focus on the Italian matters  ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The catholic kings

790
-1

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Travel
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
790
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The catholic kings

  1. 1. THE CATHOLIC KINGS BY GROUP: 4 Alba Romero María Olías Cristina Bascuñana Marta Becares
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Catholic kings reign: </li></ul><ul><li>beginning of the Modern Age in the Spanish Monarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of the authoritarian monarchy . </li></ul><ul><li>The territorial unification of the “Spanish” crowns. </li></ul><ul><li>The colonization of America and the overseas expansion </li></ul><ul><li>The religious unification. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Common background between Castile and Aragon <ul><li>Social crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Suffered from political instability </li></ul><ul><li>Political crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Religious crisis </li></ul>
  4. 4. The dinastic union <ul><li>Enrique Blanca de Navarra </li></ul><ul><li>Juana de Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Juana “La Beltraneja” </li></ul><ul><li>-Alfonso, Enrique’s stepbrother died </li></ul><ul><li>-Isabel, Enrique’s stepsister reclaimed the rights of his brother Alfonso </li></ul><ul><li>-Isabel and Enrique reach and agreement in the Toros de Guisando </li></ul><ul><li>-She was the heir </li></ul><ul><li>- Freedom to chose her husband but Enrique should </li></ul><ul><li>supervise that union </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Isabel Fernando in secret Enrique was </li></ul><ul><li>angry an put </li></ul><ul><li>Juana as heir. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1474 Enrique died and Isabel was proclaimed as queen of Castille </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal union between Castille and Aragon. </li></ul><ul><li>-Alfonso Juana’s uncle tried to married </li></ul><ul><li>her but the Pope was against this union </li></ul><ul><li>-Alfonso entered in Catille with his trops </li></ul><ul><li>Isabel developed the Alcaçovas agreement </li></ul><ul><li>- Portugal had the monopoly of the africa </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantica and Bojador Cabe </li></ul><ul><li>- Juana as a nun </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>-1479 Fernando’s father died, he started to be the king of Aragon. </li></ul><ul><li>-The union of Isabel and Fernando meant the dinastic union but not the political union of Castille and Aragon. </li></ul><ul><li>- “Tanto monta monta tanto” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Domestic policy <ul><li>Territorial union conquer of Granada </li></ul><ul><li>annexation of </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>incorporation of </li></ul><ul><li>Navarra </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish inquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Religious uniformism </li></ul>
  8. 8. FOREIGN POLICY <ul><li>The expansion of the Kingdom: </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando dedicated him-self to this poliocy </li></ul><ul><li>Common for both kingdoms but separation between the insterests of Castile and Aragon. </li></ul><ul><li>Castile kept alliances with England, Burgundy, and the Papacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Centrated in the Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>Aragon kept its expansion line in the Mediterranean. </li></ul><ul><li>Caused confrontation with France </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>One of the main objectives of the kingdom was to expand Chistianity and to stop the Turkish advance. </li></ul><ul><li>Peace with Portugal treaties </li></ul>Alcáçovas (1479): Portuguese achieved control over the African Coast Tordesillas (1494): which gave them control of what we know today as Brazil
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Marriage policy </li></ul><ul><li>The Catholic Kings negociated a series of marriages for their children. </li></ul><ul><li>2 objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the permanence of the inheritance of the Crowns in the family. </li></ul><ul><li>To establish a network of alliances with states willing to isolation of France. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>The administration of the Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>August 3rd, 1492, Colon departed from the Palo’s habour. </li></ul><ul><li>October 12 th, they arrieved to Guanahani Island, later named San Salvador, then Cuba and Spanish. </li></ul>Beginning of the colonization of the West Indies <ul><li>Colon came back – Treat of Tordesillas 1494 </li></ul><ul><li>In India traditional administrative systems from Castilian Kingdom were established. </li></ul>
  12. 13. STRENGTHENING OF ROYAL POWER <ul><li>Desire to make the monarchy the most important. </li></ul><ul><li>Against nobility: </li></ul><ul><li>- “Santa Hermandad” 1476. </li></ul><ul><li>- Royal patrimony </li></ul><ul><li>- Lost of political power. </li></ul><ul><li>Against church: </li></ul><ul><li>- Ecclesiastic reform. </li></ul><ul><li>Against Courts: </li></ul><ul><li>- “Corregidores”. </li></ul>
  13. 14. RELIGIOUS UNITY <ul><li>The role of the church in the XVth century. </li></ul><ul><li>The religious policy gave rise to two facts: </li></ul><ul><li>1. expulsion of Jews </li></ul><ul><li>2. oppression on Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>The inquisition became independent from the Holy See, and transformed into secular court. </li></ul>Main tool to achieve religious unity. <ul><li>The expulsion of the Jews began in 1482 in Andalusia, it was approved by the Catholic Kings in 1492. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Conquest of nasrid kingdom of Granada <ul><li>after the problem of succesion of the kingdom of castilla started the conquest of the kingdom of Granada. </li></ul><ul><li>1492 Catholic kings entered Granada. </li></ul><ul><li>Castilians </li></ul><ul><li>In this war took part </li></ul><ul><li>Aragonese </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Reason: desire of the Catholic kings for recovering the Castilian lands that were in possesion of the Muslisms </li></ul><ul><li>unify territories and the religions of the peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Firstly conquest of the western part </li></ul><ul><li>After conquest of the oriental part </li></ul><ul><li>conquest of Ronda, Granada and </li></ul><ul><li>Malaga </li></ul><ul><li>Finally the capitulations were created </li></ul><ul><li>Boabdil deliver Granada </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>1501 presence of the Muslims wasn´t </li></ul><ul><li>allowed </li></ul><ul><li>convert to Christianity ( Moorish or new Christianity) </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences of this war: </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance of an structured army. </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of large resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Award of certain sections of the nobility, by dividing the territories of Granada. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporation of Granada into Castile. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The annexation to the kingdom of Navarre <ul><li>XV century  governing the kings: </li></ul><ul><li>Juan de Albrecht Catalina de Foix </li></ul><ul><li>After  Blanca Juan II de Aragon </li></ul><ul><li>when Blanca died demanded the throne instead of giving to the heir: CARLOS </li></ul><ul><li>- CIVIL WAR </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>CIVIL WAR: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Agromonteses”(Juan II  Aragon and France) </li></ul><ul><li>2 groups </li></ul><ul><li>“ Beamonteses”( prince Carlos  Castile) </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando the Catholic  couldn´t allow Navarre be absorbed by the French people. </li></ul><ul><li>1512 Fernando asked for permission </li></ul><ul><li>negative response: Fernando order the duke of </li></ul><ul><li>Alba the occupation of Navarre </li></ul><ul><li>Joined to the Catholic monarchy---- Pamplona fell down </li></ul><ul><li>1513: Fernando the Catholic king of Navarre. </li></ul><ul><li>1515: annexation of the kingdom of Navarre to Castile. </li></ul><ul><li>Navarre preserved his own juridical classification (institutions) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Economy and Society <ul><li>Society: </li></ul><ul><li>- Nobility  conserved their power. </li></ul><ul><li>- Bourgeoisie  XV century began to develop. </li></ul><ul><li>- Many farmers  situation of servitude. </li></ul><ul><li>Economy: </li></ul><ul><li>- based on : agriculture, livestock and the </li></ul><ul><li>export of raw materials </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Law on Defense of the Cañadas (1489) </li></ul><ul><li>privileges to the Mesta </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign trade  Athlantic one </li></ul><ul><li>Commerce: </li></ul><ul><li>Export trade  Consulates </li></ul><ul><li>Economic loss because of the expulsion of the </li></ul><ul><li>jews. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Social peace” problem of “ Payeses de </li></ul><ul><li>remensa”  arbitral judgement of </li></ul><ul><li>Guadalupe (1468) </li></ul>
  21. 22. Conquest of the Canary islands (1402-1496) <ul><li>“ señorial” conquest </li></ul><ul><li>two different periods </li></ul><ul><li>“ realenga” conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Señorial conquest: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>two different conquest: “Betancuriana” and “Señorial castellana” </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Islands: Island: -Lanzarote - La Gomera -Fuerteventura </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Around 1450s, increased the occupation of the castilian kings in the Canary islands, through capitulations with the nobles. </li></ul><ul><li>obtained the right of conquest the </li></ul><ul><li>other three islands. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Realenga” conquest(1478-1496) : </li></ul><ul><li>-by the Catholic kings </li></ul><ul><li>-“Tratado de Alcaçovas-Toledo(1479): shared the influential areas in the Atlantic (Canary island to Castile) </li></ul><ul><li>Islands: Gran Canaria, La Palma and Tenerife </li></ul><ul><li>Important resistance of the aboriginal people. </li></ul><ul><li>Canary islands’ role  decisive for the route of the “New World” </li></ul>
  23. 24. The rapprochement to Portugal <ul><li>through the marriage policy </li></ul>
  24. 25. The institutions in the Reign of the Catholic Kings <ul><li>No territorial and institutional union of the crowns. </li></ul><ul><li>CASTILIAN INSTITUTIONS: </li></ul><ul><li> the councils : “polisidonial” system. Territorial and thematic ones </li></ul><ul><li> the “Cortes de Castilla ”: not usually convene </li></ul><ul><li> the “ Chancillerías” and “Audiencias”: judicial functions </li></ul><ul><li> the “Santa Hermandad”: protect the trade and combat the banditry </li></ul><ul><li> the military orders: religious and military institutions </li></ul><ul><li> the “Corregidor”: representant of the Crown in the cities </li></ul><ul><li> the Inquisition : fight against the heresy and protect the catholic orthodoxy </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>ARAGON`S INSTITUTIONS : </li></ul><ul><li> each of the components (Aragon, Mallorca, Valencia and Cataluña) had their own institutons. </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando II boosted </li></ul>Virrey Council of Aragon System of “insaculación”
  26. 27. Last years of the Catholic Kings and Succesion <ul><li>Isabel I died in 1504. In her testament: -Juana I, queen of Castile -Fernando II, regent of Castile </li></ul><ul><li>However, conflicts between Felipe I “El hermoso” (“The Handsome”) and his father-in-law, Fernando II. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, Fernando II had to leave Castile (Concordia de Villafáfila) and Felipe I was proclaimed king og Castile. </li></ul><ul><li>Death of Felipe I in 1506. Fernando II was the regent of Castile again. </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>The Fernando II’s return was characterized by: -Incorporation of Navarra (1512) -Focus on the Italian matters -Neglect of the govern in the Cardinal Cisneros </li></ul><ul><li>Crown of Aragon : </li></ul><ul><li>-Conquest of Oran and the submission of the kingdom of Algiers. </li></ul><ul><li>Fernando II died in 1516. His heir: Juana I of Castile. Regent : Carlos of Ghent Charles V: KING OF BOTH CROWNS & HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×