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5. the pedagogical missions
5. the pedagogical missions
5. the pedagogical missions
5. the pedagogical missions
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5. the pedagogical missions


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  • 1. The pedagogical missions
  • 2. <ul><li>The pedagogical missions were created on the 30th of May of 1930 by a decree of the minister of public instruction Marcelino Domingo. It stated that the goals were to bring progress to the people, above all to the rural zones and it spoke about the pedagogical missions as a way to let the people participate in universal progress and to give them moral stimulation. Behind this idea was a clear political motive. Most of the people of the rural zones and voted the conservative parties in the elections of April. The idea was that the villages were attached to tradition and the pedagogical missions should imbue them with a new mentality, to wake them up from their drowsiness, as they said. To fight against ignorance, to revitalize rural culture, to convince the population of the need of hygiene and medical care which was much more than the application of home remedies. Also attention was given to new agricultural techniques in order to improve productivity. But apart from all this, the goal was to bring them a little bit of amusement and happiness. The missionaries organized theatre, projected films and read books and poetry. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogical missions were characterized by a </li></ul><ul><ul><li>secular orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>political orientation </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>The main preoccupation was to teach the people to read, and to teach them that reading was actually fun, to awake the eagerness for reading. That made it necessary to create public libraries, above all in the small isolated villages with a population between 50 and 100 persons. The books should be easy to read. The libraries consisted principally of novels, Spanish and universal literature, but also some basic scientific works, and book about agriculture, hygiene and history. Apart from that it contained children book and some books which had to support teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>Behind this idea there was also a question of social policy. If culture was available on the countryside people did not have to go to the cities to look for it there. So the pedagogical missions wanted to break the country open so to say, to end the isolation of the villages, to diffuse culture everywhere. That would prevent the migration to the cities and the abandonment of the rural zones. </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Main instigator: Manuel Cossío. He stressed that the missions should be different from the traditional schools. The atmosphere should be spontaneous, free. </li></ul><ul><li>Cossío wrote the text with which the pedagogues of the mission presented themselves in the villages. The teachers said that they were an ambulant school, but a school with matriculation, where you did not learn with tears, where you did not have to kneel down or to play truant. The teachers told the population that they came to look for the most poor, the most hidden, the most forgotten to show them something they had never seen before. They compared their life in the villages with the life of the population in the big cities and told them that they were the victim of serious injustice. Now the Republic cam to visit them, to see if it was possible to end this injustice. </li></ul>