OPENEDUCATIONALRESOURCESJTCC | Januar y 3 r d , 2012Richar d Sebastian, Ph.D. | Dir ector Of Teaching & Lear ning Technolo...
BLACKBOARD | SHARINGPEARSON | OPENCLASS
HB1941
§ 2.2-2822. Ownership and use of patents and copyrightsdeveloped by certain public employees; Creative Commonscopyrights.B...
WHAT ARE OPENEDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER)        &WHY IS EVERYONETALKING ABOUT THEM?
AAKASHLUX ARUMQUE
AAKASH
LUX AURUMQUE
HORIZONREPORT
WHAT AREOER?
THIS PRESENTATION
THIS IS NOT MYPRESENTATION                 ©
Source: David Wiley: Why OER?
©copyrightUse this to prevent sharing
Use this to enforce sharing
THIS IS NOT MYPRESENTATION
WHAT ARE OER?
OPEN, ADJ.
OPEN CONTENT
OPEN COURSES      Image Source: Flickr CC, user Marc_Wathieu
OPEN PUBLISHINGImage Source: Flickr CC, user edinburghcityofprint
OPEN                       SOURCE SOFTWAREImage Source: Flickr CC, user flattop341
OPEN TEXTBOOKS       Source: Flickr CC, user seo_gun
OPEN, ADJ.Educational materials freely shared withper missions to engage in the “4R” activities
THE 4RSReuse : Redistribute : Revise : Remix
OPEN, ADJ.Openness is a philosophy, an aspect ofculture, a stance--
OPEN, ADJ.Generous, sharing, giving
OPEN, ADJ.Lear ning should be free
OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCESOpen educational resources (OER) are teaching,lear ning, and research resources that reside inth...
OPEN CONTENT
OPEN COURSES
OPEN COURSES
OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE            Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
OPEN PUBLISHING
OPEN LEARNING
OPEN TEXTBOOKS
WHY ISEVERYONETALKING ABOUTOER?
RISING COSTS
COMPETITION
SOARING DEMAND120M in higher education worldwide150M more projected to enter
NETWORKEDDIGITALTECHNOLOGIESEasy to create, collaborate, revise, distribute
OPENNESS = FUTURE
OPEN TEXTBOOKS      &   ACCESS        Image Source: Flickr CC, user seo_gun
Textbooks               =$1000 yrCollege Board Report: Trends in College Pricing (2007)
English Composition I 55,000+ enrollments / yr    x $150+ textbook= $8.25 + Million every year
THE HIGH COST OFTEXTBOOKS HASREDUCED USCITIZENS’ ACCESSTO HIGHEREDUCATION.College Board Report: Trends in College Pricing ...
IDEA    ACCESSCOSTS
The Old Economics            RivalrousThe more booksyou print,store, and ship,the higher thecost
The New Economics          Non-RivalrousUpload one copy, and everyone canuse it simultaneouslyCopying,storing, anddistribu...
Washington State           Image source: Tri-City.com
Student AdvocacyTop student issue three yearsrunning…(1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS              Sources: Cable Green , Creati...
Policy“All digital software, educational resourcesand knowledge produced throughcompetitive grants, offered through and/or...
Legislative Strategy  Partner with legislators     concerned about:    (a) efficient use of state           tax dollars  (...
Importance of “Open”Affordability: students can’t affordtextbooksChoice: Faculty have new choiceswhen building learning sp...
TRANSFORM   “Not invented here”            to “Proudly borrowed from         there”        mindset            Sources: Cab...
http://www.opencourselibrary.orgDesigned 81 open, high enrollment, gatekeepercourses• face-to-face, hybrid and/or online d...
http://www.opencourselibrary.orgOCL will save students an average of $102 percourse1.2 million for 2011-2012 in pilot cour...
DISCUSSION1. What do you see as the  advantages/benefits of using  OER in your course or  department?2. What are the disad...
THANKS.QUESTIONS?rsebastian@vccs.edu | 804.819.4795
OER: JTCC
OER: JTCC
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  • At Educause 2011 there were two important announcements:Bb’s decision to Share content and support open licensingPearson’s announcement to offer a free LMS to share both proprietary & open content
  • In 2009, the VA legislature approved HB1941
  • This is not my presentation both in terms of the contentas well as in terms of exclusive ownership—like copyright.Let me tell you what I mean..
  • Here are the two questions I hope to answer for you today
  • Let’s set up the context of where we are
  • This is not an iPad. It may not be a very good product at all. But it throws down the gauntlet for making mobile tablet technology cheap and widely accessible.
  • This project demonstrates the power of the Internet, of collaboration, of sharing.
  • This is not my presentation both in terms of the contentas well as in terms of exclusive ownership—like copyright.Let me tell you what I mean..
  • This is not my presentation both in terms of the contentas well as in terms of exclusive ownership—like copyright.Let me tell you what I mean..
  • I adapted it presentation from another OER presentation by Dr. David Wiley, a professor at BYU and a leader in the OER movement. He knows much more about this issue than I do, so why not go straight to the source? But isn’t that plagiarism? No. Why--
  • His work is licensed in a way that allows me to use it freely under specific conditions
  • His work is licensed in a way that allows me to use it freely under specific conditions
  • As long as I credit the original, I am free to use it however I want. I can also license it any way I want
  • This is not my presentation both in terms of the contentas well as in terms of exclusive ownership—like copyright.Let me tell you what I mean..
  • So, let’s define our terms
  • An educational artifact
  • Not everyone shares this philosophy. Think about the term Intellectual Property. Ex. Of professor copyrighting student workThis has to do with organizational culture. OER aren’t just objects, repositories, but exchanges. A new of of doing business.
  • An educational artifact
  • This is not my presentation both in terms of the contentas well as in terms of exclusive ownership—like copyright.Let me tell you what I mean..
  • An educational artifact
  • Who will step in to fill the need? InnovatorsWe may not know what the future holds, but education, particularly postsecondary, has never been at greater risk of being disrupted like other industries: Newspaper Music Entertainment
  • How do we scale what we currently do to meet this need? Higher ed is not affordable for the majority who will demand it
  • Especially, networked digital technologies have fundamentally changed the landscape of education. Think back to the YouTube video and a number of other examples. The Internet is a powerful tool and people are discovering they don’t necessarily NEED college to accomplish what they want to accomplish
  • Do we accept and embrace this fact? If so, what does it fundamentally change what we do? If it isn’t about delivering content, or degrees, or even a social & intellectual experience
  • An educational artifact
  • Full-time students spend approximately $1,000 on textbooks every year.
  • Full-time students spend approximately $1,000 on textbooks every year.
  • Full-time students spend approximately $1,000 on textbooks every year.
  • OER: JTCC

    1. 1. OPENEDUCATIONALRESOURCESJTCC | Januar y 3 r d , 2012Richar d Sebastian, Ph.D. | Dir ector Of Teaching & Lear ning TechnologiesV ir ginia Community Colle ge System | 804.819.4795 | r sebastian@vccs.edu
    2. 2. BLACKBOARD | SHARINGPEARSON | OPENCLASS
    3. 3. HB1941
    4. 4. § 2.2-2822. Ownership and use of patents and copyrightsdeveloped by certain public employees; Creative Commonscopyrights.B. The Secretary of Administration, in consultation with theSecretary of Technology, shall establish policies, subject to theapproval of the Governor, regarding the protection and release ofHB1941patents and copyrights owned by the Commonwealth. Suchpolicies shall include, at a minimum, the following:1. A policy granting state agencies the authority over theprotection and release of patents and copyrights created byemployees of the agency. Such policy shall authorize stateagencies to release all potentially copyrightable materialsunder the Creative Commons or Open Source Initiativelicensing system, as appropriate.
    5. 5. WHAT ARE OPENEDUCATIONAL RESOURCES (OER) &WHY IS EVERYONETALKING ABOUT THEM?
    6. 6. AAKASHLUX ARUMQUE
    7. 7. AAKASH
    8. 8. LUX AURUMQUE
    9. 9. HORIZONREPORT
    10. 10. WHAT AREOER?
    11. 11. THIS PRESENTATION
    12. 12. THIS IS NOT MYPRESENTATION ©
    13. 13. Source: David Wiley: Why OER?
    14. 14. ©copyrightUse this to prevent sharing
    15. 15. Use this to enforce sharing
    16. 16. THIS IS NOT MYPRESENTATION
    17. 17. WHAT ARE OER?
    18. 18. OPEN, ADJ.
    19. 19. OPEN CONTENT
    20. 20. OPEN COURSES Image Source: Flickr CC, user Marc_Wathieu
    21. 21. OPEN PUBLISHINGImage Source: Flickr CC, user edinburghcityofprint
    22. 22. OPEN SOURCE SOFTWAREImage Source: Flickr CC, user flattop341
    23. 23. OPEN TEXTBOOKS Source: Flickr CC, user seo_gun
    24. 24. OPEN, ADJ.Educational materials freely shared withper missions to engage in the “4R” activities
    25. 25. THE 4RSReuse : Redistribute : Revise : Remix
    26. 26. OPEN, ADJ.Openness is a philosophy, an aspect ofculture, a stance--
    27. 27. OPEN, ADJ.Generous, sharing, giving
    28. 28. OPEN, ADJ.Lear ning should be free
    29. 29. OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCESOpen educational resources (OER) are teaching,lear ning, and research resources that reside inthe public domain or have been released underan intellectual proper ty license that per mitstheir free use and repur posing by others. Source: Cable Green, Creative Commons
    30. 30. OPEN CONTENT
    31. 31. OPEN COURSES
    32. 32. OPEN COURSES
    33. 33. OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2011
    34. 34. OPEN PUBLISHING
    35. 35. OPEN LEARNING
    36. 36. OPEN TEXTBOOKS
    37. 37. WHY ISEVERYONETALKING ABOUTOER?
    38. 38. RISING COSTS
    39. 39. COMPETITION
    40. 40. SOARING DEMAND120M in higher education worldwide150M more projected to enter
    41. 41. NETWORKEDDIGITALTECHNOLOGIESEasy to create, collaborate, revise, distribute
    42. 42. OPENNESS = FUTURE
    43. 43. OPEN TEXTBOOKS & ACCESS Image Source: Flickr CC, user seo_gun
    44. 44. Textbooks =$1000 yrCollege Board Report: Trends in College Pricing (2007)
    45. 45. English Composition I 55,000+ enrollments / yr x $150+ textbook= $8.25 + Million every year
    46. 46. THE HIGH COST OFTEXTBOOKS HASREDUCED USCITIZENS’ ACCESSTO HIGHEREDUCATION.College Board Report: Trends in College Pricing (2007)
    47. 47. IDEA ACCESSCOSTS
    48. 48. The Old Economics RivalrousThe more booksyou print,store, and ship,the higher thecost
    49. 49. The New Economics Non-RivalrousUpload one copy, and everyone canuse it simultaneouslyCopying,storing, anddistributingdigital material= “Free”
    50. 50. Washington State Image source: Tri-City.com
    51. 51. Student AdvocacyTop student issue three yearsrunning…(1) CUTTING TEXTBOOK COSTS Sources: Cable Green , Creative Commons
    52. 52. Policy“All digital software, educational resourcesand knowledge produced throughcompetitive grants, offered through and/ormanaged by the Washington State BoardCTC will carry a Creative CommonsAttribution License.” Sources: Cable Green , Creative Commons
    53. 53. Legislative Strategy Partner with legislators concerned about: (a) efficient use of state tax dollars (b) saving students money. Sources: Cable Green , Creative Commons
    54. 54. Importance of “Open”Affordability: students can’t affordtextbooksChoice: Faculty have new choiceswhen building learning spacesSelf-interest: Good things happenwhen you shareSocial justice: everyone should havethe right to access digitalknowledge. Sources: Cable Green , Creative Commons
    55. 55. TRANSFORM “Not invented here” to “Proudly borrowed from there” mindset Sources: Cable Green , Creative Commons
    56. 56. http://www.opencourselibrary.orgDesigned 81 open, high enrollment, gatekeepercourses• face-to-face, hybrid and/or online delivery• improve course completion rates• lowers textbook costs for students (<$30)• provides new resources for faculty to use in their courses• allows college system to fully engage in the global open educational resources discussion. Sources: Cable Green , Creative Commons
    57. 57. http://www.opencourselibrary.orgOCL will save students an average of $102 percourse1.2 million for 2011-2012 in pilot coursesExceeds 1.18 million needed to develop OCL Source: State Board of Career and Technical Colleges
    58. 58. DISCUSSION1. What do you see as the advantages/benefits of using OER in your course or department?2. What are the disadvantages or barriers to using OER?
    59. 59. THANKS.QUESTIONS?rsebastian@vccs.edu | 804.819.4795
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