IELTSINTERNATIONAL ENGLISH LANGUAGE TESTING SYATEM TITHI FLORENCE D’COSTA
WHAT IS IELTS????? IELTS, or International English Language Testing System, is an international standardised test of English language proficiency. IELTS is the worlds leading test of English for higher education, immigration and employment. It is jointly managed by University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations, the British Council and IDP Education Pty Ltd, and was established in 1989.
WHY IT IS HELPFUL?????? IELTS is accepted by most Australian, British, Canadian, Irish, New Zealand and South African academic institutions, over 3,000academic institutions in the United States, andvarious professional organisations. It is also a requirement for immigration to Australia, New Zealand and Canada
Reading..... The reading test is considered by many to be the most difficult part of IELTS. You have to read 3 long sections, each with multiple paragraphs, and answer 40 questions (13 to 14 per section). No extra time is given at the end to transfer your answers to the answer sheet. Answer all questions. There is no negative marking for incorrect answers.
The most important thing to understand is that the test does NOT assess your comprehension of the paragraphs. It does NOT test how well you haveunderstood the passage. It tests specific skills called Scanning and Skimming. SCANNING SKIMMIN Scanning is what one does, for Skimming refers to reading a example, when looking for a paragraph QUICKLY to get an phone number in a directory. You idea of what it is about, without know the specific information trying to understand its details. you are looking for and you go This technique is part of the down the page quickly to find it. initial reading. (It can be This technique is used when modified (reading a little slower) answering questions such as to answer "Provide headings for multiple-choice and matching. the paragraphs" , You scan the passage to quickly Question: "In which paragraph find the information mentioned does this information appear in in the question. Once you find it, the text?" and "Authors views" you get the answer from the type of questions. passage and write it against the question.
Some important reading tips.... first read all the questions quickly to get an idea of what type of information is required and whether scanning or skimming (or a combination of the two) is called for. As you read the questions, use a pencil to underline important information such as dates, places and names. Once you are through with reading all the questions, skim over the text and underline / mark important parts. If you see any information relating to the questions, mark it straight away. You may even be able to answer some questions as you read. Answer the questions one by one with the help of the underlined parts of the text. Having read the text once, you will find it easy to find specific information by scanning. As soon as you find an answer, write it against the question on the question paper because you will not get extra time to transfer your answer to the answer sheet.
Question pattern of reading test Multiple choice Short-answer questions Sentence completion Notes/ summary/ diagram/ flow chart/ table completion Choosing from a "heading bank" for identified paragraphs/ sections of the text Identification of writers views / attitudes/ claims Classification Matching lists / phrases
Writing...TASK - 1 TASK - 2 Time: 20-25 minutes Time: 40 minutes Usually three things asked in the In task 2 you have to write an essay near about 200 to 250 task 1 & you have to write a words which asks you to present paragraph about 150 words: an argument for or against of the topic. A suggested structure for writing is:1. Object (eg. a cycle is shown & 1. Introduce the topic and state your stand, whether you agree or disagree. various parts are labelled) 2. Give arguments in support of your2. Process (eg. the various ways in viewpoint supported by relevant examples. You have to write three which solar energy is used) things: General trend, Comparisons, differences.3. Data; (graphs of all types eg. 3. State the contrary viewpoint and give line graph, bar graph, pie reasons why you dont agree with it. charts, tables etc) 4. Conclude with a short concluding paragraph. 5. If there is time left at the end, revise your answers and correct any spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Types of graphPIE CHARTBAR CHARTLINE CHARTPICTURE REPRESENTATION
Nouns Verbs Phrases Adverbs Adjectivesa rise to rise to show an upward trend sharply sharpan increase to increase to show a downward trend suddenly suddena surge to surge to hit the highest point rapidly rapida growth to grow to hit the lowest point abruptly abrupta peak to peak to reach a peak dramatically dramatic to skyrocket to show some fluctuation significantly steepa fluctuation to fluctuate wildly steadily significanta variation to fluctuate to remain stable considerably steady to vary to remain static markedly considerablea period of to remain unchanged slightly markedstability to fall to stay constant gently slighta plateau to decrease to reach a plateau gradually gentle to decline to level off wildly graduala fall to dip to flatten outa decrease to dive the highesta decline to plunge the lowesta dip the second highest the third highest compared to compared with relative to VOCABULARY OF WRITING CHARTS
Essay present an organized argument that is supported by examples. In your IELTS essay your exam mark will be looking for..... Organized structure with clearly define paragraph Coherent sentences that link together using linking phrases A clear thesis that clearly answer the essay question Real life examples that support the argument A clear introduction & conclusion Adherence to length requirement( minimum 250 words)
ANALYSING TASK 2 ESSAYQUESTIONSUnderstanding the meaning of an essay questionis essential to writing a solid essay is essential towriting a solid essay in response. For all essayquestion, you should first pinpoint these 3attributes:1. Scope2. Keywords3. Instruction words
DISCUSSION OF A SAMPLE QUESTION TASK 2Technology is becoming increasingly prevalent in the world today. Given time, technologywill completely replace the teacher in the classroom. Do you agree or disagree with thisstatement?Scope: Scope involves the topic that can & cannot be include in your written response. In this example essay question, the scope is ‘technology’ & ‘education’ related topics. We cannot write anything outside of this scope. We should write our essay’s intro, body, conclusion & examples relation with the scope.Keywords: keywords are the words in the question which tell us how the various ideas relate together. Here we see the phrase ‘increasingly prevalent’. What does this tell us about the technology? We also see ‘ completely replace’. What is the connection? To write the essay we should think first about the keywords how the connect with the topic making examples & finally put your thought into words.
DISCUSSION OF A SAMPLE QUESTION TASK 2Technology is becoming increasingly prevalent in the world today. Given time, technologywill completely replace the teacher in the classroom. Do you agree or disagree with thisstatement?Instruction word: finally we need to locate the instruction words. Where is the question telling us to do something? Here: Do you agree or disagree with this statement? to answer this question properly we must answer it concisely & directly. To do this we must use a thesis.Thesis: An essay’s thesis is the most important sentence in the entire essay. Because it is the sentence that states our opinion in relation to what is being asked of us by the essay question. Thus. In the example question above our thesis can only be one of two thing: It is agree that technology will replace teachers in the classroom? Or It is not agree that technology will replace teachers in the classroom? Prepare sample answer in our mind, point out what are you going to write in each paragraph. Use few fords from essay question, try to vary your vocabulary as much as you can Try to give relevant examples.
Listening tips.... The questions are in SETS and you hear tape recording for one set at a time. Glance through the SET of questions for which you will be hearing the tape. Read the questions & find out what SPECIFIC information is required (name, place, date, number etc) Circle key words (Clue/trigger words) When the tape plays listen intently when you think your specific information will come. In each section they will give you some time to recheck the answer & read out the question try to read the question on that time that will very helpful to find the answer later when the tape start
Speaking.... The test consists of three parts.In Part 1 the candidate answers general questions about themselves, their homes/ families, their jobs/studies, their interests, and a range of similar familiar topic areas. This part lasts between four and five minutes.In Part 2 the candidate is given a verbal prompt on a card and is asked to talk on a particular topic. The candidate has one minute to prepare before speaking at length, for between one and two minutes. The examiner then asks one or two rounding-off questions.In Part 3 the examiner and candidate engage in a discussion of more abstract issues and concepts which are thematically linked to the topic prompt in Part 2. The discussion lasts between four and five minutes.
THANK YOUAll materials are taken from British council studymaterial, IELTS Cambridge book.