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  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • The Story Open Government Over the past few years, a paradigm shift has been emerging around how governments work, and their use the Web and ICT to deliver better services to their constituencies.  The new approach is known as Open Government. It means rethinking how to govern, and rethinking how the administrations should adapt their procedures to meet the demands and necessities of the citizens. Open Government means a cultural, organizational, procedural and attitude change in public servants and the relation with the citizens. It is a new form of understanding political policies which are more legitimate and collaborative: Open Government = Transparency + Efficiency + Participation + Accountability Open Government Data (OGD) is a pillar of an Open Government strategy. OGD is when ministries and state agencies put their raw data on the Web in readable formats (preferrably, machine readable, open standard formats).  The public can review and download the data, and even create new applications around the data.  The governments of the United States and and and United Kingdom are so far the most prominent practitioners of this new approach, and have established portals ( data.gov and data.gov.uk ) to data catalogs.  These data are usable and freely exploitable by NGOs, activists, developers, IT companies, etc. to build and deliver services to people and organizations. See examples of applications in UK and in the US. OGD programs have so far demonstrated multiple benefits: * Increased transparency of governments * Increased number of services to people, due to an increased base of potential service providers * New business opportunities and jobs for application and service developers * New synergies between government, public administration, and civil society organizations * Increased citizen participation and inclusion through extended offers of services closer to people’s needs * New, innovative uses of data in a ways that owners of data would never have thought of.
  • Currently, 121 of the 192 UN Member States have some form of Freedom of Information legislation; 31 of these 121 countries have only a constitutional provision which grants a right of free access to governmental information to citizens; Besides the121 countries with some sort of FOI legislation, 20 countries are currently discussing drafts of FOI laws.
  • 82 of the 192 UN Member States have enacted some sort of legislation that protects personal and corporate data from governmental intrusion or infringement; 5 of these 82 UN Member States protect the privacy of data by constitutional provisions only; 9 of the UN Member States are currently discussing drafts of data protection legislation.
  • 49 of the 192 UN Member States have at least one agency that overviews the access to government data and privacy; From these 49 countries, 34 are in Europe, 7 in Asia, 3 in the Americas, 3 in Oceania and 2 in Africa; 143 UN Members still need to be checked.

Transcript

  • 1. Richard Kerby Senior Inter-regional Adviser, E-Government and Knowledge Management E-Government Branch Division for Public Administration and Development Management Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Doha, Qatar – 19 – 23 February 2012 Open Data PresentationOpen Data Presentation Government of Qatar – ICTQatarGovernment of Qatar – ICTQatar
  • 2. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 2 Discussion PointsDiscussion Points  What is Open Data?  Benefits of Open Data  Open Data as a global trend  Key Open Data Challenges  The Way Forward
  • 3. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 3 What is Open DataWhat is Open Data In general, government data is all data or information that government entities produce or collect … Open means : Can be readily and easily consulted and re-used by anyone with access to the internet
  • 4. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 4 What is Open DataWhat is Open Data No legal barriers No fees required Machine readable No technological barriers Etc… In the past Current trends All data are classified, unless marked non-classified All data are non-classified unless marked classified Open means :
  • 5. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 5 What is Open DataWhat is Open Data Has value to the public Timely updated Offered in different formats Features of good open data:
  • 6. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 6 What is Open DataWhat is Open Data Raw Data Geo Data National Accounts Geo coordinates of government institutions Economic indicators Maps Big economic projects Transportation network Education Environmental resources Health … Environment Examples of open data
  • 7. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 7 Benefits of Open DataBenefits of Open Data Promoting transparency and boosting public trust in government Encouraging citizens to participate with government entities in designing policies and services Enhancing government effectiveness and efficiency Creating business opportunities and jobs Promoting innovation and research
  • 8. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 8 Benefits of Open DataBenefits of Open Data Case Study: Open Data in Transit – Massachusetts, US Open Transit Video
  • 9. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 9 Open Data as a Global TrendOpen Data as a Global Trend Key milestones – Jan 21, 2009 President Barack Obama issued Open Government directive to all government agencies in US.
  • 10. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 10 Open Data as a Global TrendOpen Data as a Global Trend Key milestones – Jan 21, 2009 Data.gov went live 76 data sets and tools from 11 government agencies
  • 11. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 11 Open Data as a Global TrendOpen Data as a Global Trend Launch of Open Government Partnership in NY, US. A global “effort to make government better” 8 founding members 40+ countries started the process to join Key milestones – September, 2011
  • 12. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 12 Open Government DeclarationOpen Government Declaration September 2011 As members of the Open Government Partnership, committed to the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Convention against Corruption, and other applicable international instruments related to human rights and good governance: We acknowledge that people all around the world are demanding more openness in government. They are calling for greater civic participation in public affairs, and seeking ways to make their governments more transparent, responsive, accountable, and effective. We recognize that countries are at different stages in their efforts to promote openness in government, and that each of us pursues an approach consistent with our national priorities and circumstances and the aspirations of our citizens. We accept responsibility for seizing this moment to strengthen our commitments to promote transparency, fight corruption, empower citizens, and harness the power of new technologies to make government more effective and accountable. We uphold the value of openness in our engagement with citizens to improve services, manage public resources, promote innovation, and create safer communities. We embrace principles of transparency and open government with a view toward achieving greater prosperity, well-being, and human dignity in our own countries and in an increasingly interconnected world.
  • 13. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 13 Open Government DeclarationOpen Government Declaration Together, we declare our commitment to: Increase the availability of information about governmental activities Governments collect and hold information on behalf of people, and citizens have a right to seek information about governmental activities. We commit to promoting increased access to information and disclosure about governmental activities at every level of government. We commit to increasing our efforts to systematically collect and publish data on government spending and performance for essential public services and activities. We commit to pro- actively provide high-value information, including raw data, in a timely manner, in formats that the public can easily locate, understand and use, and in formats that facilitate reuse. We commit to providing access to effective remedies when information or the corresponding records are improperly withheld, including through effective oversight of the recourse process. We recognize the importance of open standards to promote civil society access to public data, as well as to facilitate the interoperability of government information systems. We commit to seeking feedback from the public to identify the information of greatest value to them, and pledge to take such feedback into account to the maximum extent possible.
  • 14. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 14 Open Government DeclarationOpen Government Declaration Support civic participation We value public participation of all people, equally and without discrimination, in decision making and policy formulation. Public engagement, including the full participation of women, increases the effectiveness of governments, which benefit from people’s knowledge, ideas and ability to provide oversight. We commit to making policy formulation and decision making more transparent, creating and using channels to solicit public feedback, and deepening public participation in developing, monitoring and evaluating government activities. We commit to protecting the ability of not-for-profit and civil society organizations to operate in ways consistent with our commitment to freedom of expression, association, and opinion. We commit to creating mechanisms to enable greater collaboration between governments and civil society organizations and businesses.
  • 15. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 15 Open Government DeclarationOpen Government Declaration Implement the highest standards of professional integrity throughout our administrations. Accountable government requires high ethical standards and codes of conduct for public officials. We commit to having robust anti-corruption policies, mechanisms and practices, ensuring transparency in the management of public finances and government purchasing, and strengthening the rule of law. We commit to maintaining or establishing a legal framework to make public information on the income and assets of national, high ranking public officials. We commit to enacting and implementing rules that protect whistleblowers. We commit to making information regarding the activities and effectiveness of our anticorruption prevention and enforcement bodies, as well as the procedures for recourse to such bodies, available to the public, respecting the confidentiality of specific law enforcement information. We commit to increasing deterrents against bribery and other forms of corruption in the public and private sectors, as well as to sharing information and expertise.
  • 16. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 16 Open Government DeclarationOpen Government Declaration Increase access to new technologies for openness and accountability New technologies offer opportunities for information sharing, public participation, and collaboration. We intend to harness these technologies to make more information public in ways that enable people to both understand what their governments do and to influence decisions. We commit to developing accessible and secure online spaces as platforms for delivering services, engaging the public, and sharing information and ideas. We recognize that equitable and affordable access to technology is a challenge, and commit to seeking increased online and mobile connectivity, while also identifying and promoting the use of alternative mechanisms for civic engagement. We commit to engaging civil society and the business community to identify effective practices and innovative approaches for leveraging new technologies to empower people and promote transparency in government. We also recognize that increasing access to technology entails supporting the ability of governments and citizens to use it. We commit to supporting and developing the use of technological innovations by government employees and citizens alike. We also understand that technology is a complement, not a substitute, for clear, useable, and useful information.
  • 17. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 17 Open Government DeclarationOpen Government Declaration Countries that have endorsed the declaration as of September 20, 2011: Brazil Indonesia Mexico Norway Philippines South Africa United Kingdom United States Jordan is the only Arab country in the region that is developing its commitment
  • 18. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 18 Open Government DeclarationOpen Government Declaration Open Government Partnership Video
  • 19. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 19 Open Data in the RegionOpen Data in the Region
  • 20. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 20 Open Data in the RegionOpen Data in the Region Design: Index Vs. Warehouse Data format: Wholesale Vs. Retail Dataset formats Quantity and presentation Issues to consider in open data portal
  • 21. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 21 Open Data in International InstitutionsOpen Data in International Institutions World Bank Video
  • 22. Citizens monitor data streamsCitizens monitor data streams
  • 23. 27
  • 24. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 28 FOI Situation in the UN Member StatesFOI Situation in the UN Member States FreedomOf Information (FOI) Situation in the UN Member States 90 31 20 60 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 FOI legislation Constitutional provision only Draft No FOI Legislation
  • 25. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 29 FOI in UN Member States – By RegionFOI in UN Member States – By Region UN Member States in Africa, Asia and Oceania lack behind in terms of implementation of FOI legislations 12 18 2 36 22 9 7 4 5 2 2 30 17 7 8 3 3 8 33 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Africa Asia Oceania Europe Americas FOI legislation Constitutional provision only Draft No FOI Legislation
  • 26. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 30 Data Privacy (DP) Legislation in UN Member StatesData Privacy (DP) Legislation in UN Member States 12 18 2 36 22 9 7 4 5 2 2 30 17 7 8 3 3 8 33 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Africa Asia Oceania Europe Americas FOI legislation Constitutional provision only Draft No FOI Legislation
  • 27. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 31 DP in UN Member States – By RegionDP in UN Member States – By Region UN Member States in Africa, Asia, Oceania as well as Americas require assistance in the implementation of data protection legislations 15 11 1 4 30 1 42 2 7 333 18 12 43 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Africa Asia Oceania Europe Americas DP legislation Const. DP provision only DP draft in discussion No DP Legislation
  • 28. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 32 Agency responsible for OGD & PrivacyAgency responsible for OGD & Privacy Countries with agency responsible for openness, privacy and security 3 34 32 7 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Africa Asia Oceania Europe Americas
  • 29. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 33 OGD - CataloguesOGD - Catalogues 31 UN Member States provide government data in a comprehensive way through Open Government Data Catalogues. The existence of OGD Catalogues still needs to be verified in 161 UN Member States. Open Government Data Catalogues 2 2 23 4 0 5 10 15 20 25 Asia Oceania Europe Americas
  • 30. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 34 Key Open Data ChallengesKey Open Data Challenges Lack of overall strategy The “Top Down” approach / culture Cultural barriers Legislation gap Context gap
  • 31. http://www.unpan.org/dpadm/ 35 Way ForwardWay Forward •Development of open data strategy for Qatar Government •Formulation of open data framework •Build Capacity on Open Data within the Government •Working closely with government data “warehouses” •Building up the open data community in Qatar •A new version of open data portal
  • 32. Thank you for your attention.Thank you for your attention.