Mongo DB for Java, Python and PHP Developers

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Getting started with MongoDB. Covers basic why Mongo, features, architecture (replica sets, map reduce, aggregation framework), code examples in JavaScript, Java, Python and PHP.

Getting started with MongoDB. Covers basic why Mongo, features, architecture (replica sets, map reduce, aggregation framework), code examples in JavaScript, Java, Python and PHP.

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  • http://openmymind.net/2011/3/28/The-Little-MongoDB-Book/ http://www.10gen.com/what-is-mongodb
  • http://www.infoq.com/articles/mongodb-java-orm-bcd
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MongoDB#Use_cases_.26_production_deployments http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Production+Deployments
  • http://www.thebuzzmedia.com/mongodb-single-server-data-durability-guide/ http://blog.mongodb.org/post/381927266/what-about-durability
  • http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Replica+Set+Tutorial http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Replica+Sets http:// www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Replication http:// www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Verifying+Propagatio n+of+Writes+with+getLastError
  • http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Verifying+Propagation+of+Writes+with+getLastError
  • http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Sharding http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Sharding +Introduction
  • http://code.google.com/p/mapreduce-framework/wiki/MapReduce
  • http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Aggregation+Framework http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/SQL+to+Aggregation+Fr amework+Mapping+Chart

Transcript

  • 1. MongoDB Introduction for Java, Python and PHP Developers Developers for Java, Python and PHP Developers Developers Covers using MongoDB from a Java, PHP and Python developer’s perspective. Uses the Official MongoDB driver for Java, Python and PHP as well as command line tools for MongoDB to teach core concepts.Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 2. Outline• Theory and Architecture of MongoDB (49%)• Setup instructions (9%)• Code examples in JavaScript, PHP, Python and Java (39%)• 3% random © 2012 10gen. MongoDB®, Mongo®, and the leaf logo are registered trademarks of 10gen, Inc. 10gen in no way endorses this slide deck or Mammatus Tehcnology Inc. 2 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 3. MongoDB• NoSQL landscape full of contenders tackling big data problems• MongoDB very capable• Document-oriented schema-less storage solution• JSON-style documents to represent, query and modify data• Supports many clients/languages Python, PHP, Java, Ruby, C++, etc. Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 4. Resources• 10Gen site (http://www.mongodb.org) – Great documentation and presentations• InfoQ articles and presentations• Wikipedia• http://mongly.com/ 4 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 5. Feedback welcome• Send any and all feedback to richardhightower@gmail.com• Criticism welcome – Prefer constructive criticism, but will take any and all – Needed for continuous improvement of this slide deck and my knowledge 5 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 6. Creative Commons• This slide deck and all material therein are covered under creative commons• You can use all material in here as long as you don’t copy it word for word and then use it for commercial reasons• Other material in here from other sources are covered under fair use• http://creativecommons.org/ 6 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 7. Why MongoDB?• MongoDB great active communitySupports:• High availability,• Journaling• Replication,• Sharding, MongoDB commercial• Indexing, http://www.10gen.com/what-is-mongodb• Aggregation,• Map/Reduce Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 8. MongoDB is a top job trendCopyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 9. Leader in the NoSQL space?MongoDB seems to bethe clear mind-share leaderCassandra a close second 9 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 10. Why do Developers pick Mongo?• NoSQL, in general, can be more agile than full RDBMS/ SQL – problems with schema migration – a lot of upfront design needed for RDBMS – (or a lot schema migration later)• MongoDB does not require a lot of ramp up time – Easy to get started – Many DevOps things come for free – Easy on ramp for NoSQL – Gateway drug? 10 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 11. Why PHP, Python and Java? Might add Ruby later to the mix or just focus on these 11Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 12. Built for speed | Cache built in• MongoDB was built with speed in mind• Speed shaped architecture of MongoDB• Uses binary protocol instead of HTTP text/ (CouchDB)• Pads disk space around document – faster updates – uses more disk• Uses memory-mapped files as default storage engine, letting OS manage swapping – Linux/Windows/Solaris really good at virtual memory... MongoDB builds on top of this 12 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 13. Negatives of MongoDB• Indexes are not as flexible as Oracle/MySQL/Postgres or other NoSQL solutions – Order of index matters, uses B-Trees, not very many options like more mature solutions• Realtime queries might not be as fast as Oracle/MySQL and other NoSQL solutions• Good enough if queries are simple• Probably hits the sweet spot of 20/80 rule• Not as mature as RDBMS• Does not have full text search engine 13 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 14. Very useful still• Every version seems to add more features• Added journaling so they can have single server durability• Improved Replica’s with Replica Sets• Replica Sets and Autosharding required very little admin once running• What it does, it does well... – Can be combined with Relational database – Can be combined with full text search (Solr) – Can be combined with Hadoop 14 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 15. Who uses MongoDB?Big names, big data• MTV • SAP• Craigslist • Forbes• Disney • National Archives UK• Shutterfly • Intuit• foursqaure • github• bit.ly • LexisNexis• The New York Times • many more• Barclay’s• The Guardian 15 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 16. MongoDB Concept• Oracle: Schema, Tables, Rows, Columns• MySQL: Database, Tables, Rows, Columns• MongoDB: Database, Collections, Document, Fields• MySQL/Oracle: Indexes• MongoDB: Indexes• MySQL/Oracle: Stored Procedures• MongoDB: Stored JavaScript• Oracle/MySQL: Database Schema• MongoDB: Schema free! Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 17. MongoDB ArchitectureCopyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons. 17
  • 18. Additional Mongo Features• Geo Indexing: How close am I to X?• File Storage – Stores large files and file meta-data• Capped Collection (like Ring Buffer) – Older documents auto-deleted• Aggregation• Auto sharding• Load sharing for reads• High availability• Speed or durability (journaling) 18 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 19. What do you need?• Read scalability and high availability (HA)? HA – Use Replica Sets• Write scalability? – Use Autosharding (also just called sharding)• HA, Read Scalability, and Write Scalability? – Use Autosharding and Replica Sets• You can start basic and add as your growth/needs change – Capacity planning, monitoring, determine needs 19 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 20. Durability• Journaling added in 1.8, and is now default for 64 bit OS for MongoDB 2.0• Prior to that, you used replication to make sure copy of operation was on replica – MongoDB did not have single server durability, now it does with addition of journaling• General thought was/is durability is overvalued• You can also force an fsync• See links in notes 20 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 21. Replica Sets• Drivers know the primary• If primary down, Drivers Replica 1 Replica 2 know how to get new primary• Data is replicated after writing• Typical to have three in a replica set Replica 0• You can do more PRIMARY• Load sharing for reads Read Read/Write Client Driver 21 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 22. Replica Sets Usage• Business Continuity• Data Redundancy• High Availability• Load sharing (reads)• “Just works / NoOps (low ops)” 22 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 23. Replica Sets• Non-blocking master/slave replication• Auto failover• Two or more nodes (usually three)• No primary, master is nominated• Share nothing architecture• Brains in the client libraries• Client libraries (Drivers) are Replica Set aware• Client can block until data is replicated on all servers (for important data) 23 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 24. Replica Sets• You only write to the master, it then replicates to slaves• Replication is by default async (non-blocking)• Slave data and write data can be out of sync – There are workarounds – You can force master to sync to master before continuing (blocking, sync)• Sync blocking is slower• Async non-blocking is faster (eventual consistency) 24 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 25. Durability and Replica Sets• Client libraries can do the following:• Wait until write has happened on all replicas• Wait until write is on two servers (primary and one other)• Wait until write has occurred on majority of replicas• Wait until write operation has been written to journal 25 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 26. Replica Sets• Replica Sets and Autosharding go hand in hand for mass scale out• Replica Sets are good for failover and speeding up reads, but...• To speed up writes, you need autosharding 26 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 27. Sharding• Sharding allows MongoDB to scale horizontally• Sharding = partitioning• Auto-shards – load balances – changes for data distribution• Elastic adding of new nodes• Supports automatic failover (along with replica sets)• No single point of failure• 90% of deployments don’t need sharding according to Roger Bodamer 27 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 28. Non-sharded client connection• Client Driver talks directly to mongod process 28 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 29. Autosharded• Three actors now: mongod, mongos, and Client Driver library• Mongod is the process• Mongos is a router, it routes writes to correct mongod instance• Shares writing 29 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 30. Autoshard plus Replica Set• Autosharding increases writes, helps with scale out• Replica Sets are for high availability• There is a whole lesson on sharding. 30 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 31. Sharding Topology• Config Servers (mongod) – contain versioned shard topology – maps which shard has key – used by mongos – like DNS server for shards• Mongos – Shard router clients drivers talk to Mongos instead of mongod directly – Mongos uses Config Servers to find shard where key lives – MongoD are shards that can be replicated 31 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 32. Large deployment 32Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 33. MapReduce• Used for batch processing• Similar to Hadoop,• Massive aggregation possible through divide and conquer• Used instead of Group/By in SQL – Also added simplified framework to MongoDB (aggregation framework)• Map and Reduce functions are written in JavaScript – Executed on server, code next to data it is operating on• Can copy results to results collections 33 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 34. MapReduce Theory Image from http://code.google.com/p/mapreduce-framework/wiki/MapReduce 34Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 35. Incremental MapReduce• Run MapReduce job over collections• Run a second job but only over new documents in collection• Use reduce output to merge new data into existing collection 35 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 36. Aggregation Framework• Added in MongoDB 2.1• Similar to SQL group by• Before Aggregation framework, you had to use MapReduce for things like SQL group by• Easier to use than MapReduce Table from 10 Gen http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/SQL+to+Aggregation+Framework+M 36 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 37. Aggregation Framework Table from 10 Gen http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/SQL+to+Aggregation+Framework+M 37Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 38. MongoDB versus SQL Compare contrastCopyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons. 38
  • 39. SQL to MongoFrom http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/SQL+to+Mongo+Mapping+Chart 39 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 40. Mongo versus SQLFrom http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/SQL+to+Mongo+Mapping+Chart 40 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 41. Mongo versus SQLFrom http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/SQL+to+Mongo+Mapping+Chart 41 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 42. Mongo vs. SQLFrom http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/SQL+to+Mongo+Mapping+Chart 42 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 43. Getting Started with Mongo Installing and using MongoCopyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons. 43
  • 44. Install (1 of 2)• http://www.mongodb.org/downloads• Extract – ~/mongodb-platform-version/• $ sudo mkdir /etc/mongodb/data• Create file – /etc/mongodb/mongodb.config• $ cat mongodb.config – dbpath=/etc/mongodb/data Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 45. Install (2 of 2)• Link:sudo ln -s ~/mongodb-platform-version/ /usr/local/mongodb• Add to Path:export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mongodb/bin• Run the server:mongod --config /etc/mongodb/mongodb.config Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 46. Run the client (type db.version())$ mongoMongoDB shell version: 2.0.4connecting to: test…> db.version()2.0.4> Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 47. Client: mongo db.help()> db.help()DB methods: db.addUser(username, password[, readOnly=false]) db.auth(username, password) db.cloneDatabase(fromhost) db.commandHelp(name) returns the help for the command db.copyDatabase(fromdb, todb, fromhost) db.createCollection(name, { size : ..., capped : ..., max : ... } ) db.currentOp() displays the current operation in the db db.dropDatabase() db.eval(func, args) run code server-side db.getCollection(cname) same as db[cname] or db.cname db.getCollectionNames() Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 48. db.help()db.getLastError() - just returns the err msg string db.printCollectionStats()db.getLastErrorObj() - return full status object db.printReplicationInfo()db.getMongo() get the server connection object db.printSlaveReplicationInfo() db.printShardingStatus()db.getMongo().setSlaveOk() allow this connectionto read from the nonmaster member of a replica db.removeUser(username)pair db.repairDatabase() db.resetError()db.getName() db.runCommand(cmdObj) run a database command. if cmdObj is a string, turns it into { cmdObj : 1 }db.getPrevError()db.getProfilingStatus() - returns if profiling is on db.serverStatus()and slow threshold db.setProfilingLevel(level,<slowms>) 0=off 1=slow 2=alldb.getReplicationInfo() db.shutdownServer()db.getSiblingDB(name) get the db at the same db.stats()server as this one db.version() current version of the serverdb.isMaster() check replica primary status db.getMongo().setSlaveOk() allow queries on a replicationdb.killOp(opid) kills the current operation in the db slave serverdb.listCommands() lists all the db commands db.fsyncLock() flush data to disk and lock server for backupsdb.logout() db.fsyncUnock() unlocks server following a db.fsyncLock() Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 49. Create Employee Collection> use tutorial;switched to db tutorial> db.getCollectionNames();[]> db.employees.insert({name:Rick Hightower,gender:m, gender:m, phone:520-555-1212, age:42});Mon Apr 23 23:50:24 [FileAllocator] allocating newdatafile /etc/mongodb/data/tutorial.ns, filling withzeroes….. Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 50. Query DB (1 of 2)> db.getCollectionNames();[ "employees", "system.indexes" ]> db.employees.find(){ "_id" : ObjectId("4f964d3000b5874e7a163895"),"name" : "Rick Hightower", "gender" : "m","phone" : "520-555-1212", "age" : 42 } Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 51. Query DB (2 of 2)> db.employees.find({name:"Bob"})> db.employees.find({name:"Rick Hightower"}){ "_id" : ObjectId("4f964d3000b5874e7a163895"), "name" : "Rick Hightower", "gender" : "m","phone" : "520-555-1212", "age" : 42 }> db.employees.find({age:{$lt:100}}){ "_id" : ObjectId("4f964d3000b5874e7a163895"), "name" : "Rick Hightower", "gender" : "m","phone" : "520-555-1212", "age" : 42 }> db.employees.find({age:{$lt:100}})[0].nameRick Hightower> db.system.indexes.find(){ "v" : 1, "key" : { "_id" : 1 }, "ns" : "tutorial.employees", "name" : "_id_" }> db.employees.find({_id : ObjectId("4f964d3000b5874e7a163895")}){ "_id" : ObjectId("4f964d3000b5874e7a163895"), "name" : "Rick Hightower", "gender" : "m","phone" : "520-555-1212", "age" : 42 } Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 52. Java: Setup• Download latest mongo driver – https://github.com/mongodb/mongo-java-driver/ downloads$ mkdir tools/mongodb/lib$ cp mongo-2.7.3.jar tools/mongodb/libCreate new Eclipse project in new Workspace Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 53. Java: Setup Eclipse (1 of 2)• Right Click Project, Open Properties, Java Build Path->Libraries->Add Variable- >Configure Variable Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 54. Java: Setup Eclipse (2 of 2)• From Properties->Java Build Path->Libraries• Click Add Variable, Select MONGO, Click Extend…, select jar file you just downloaded Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 55. Java: Using Java Basics (1 of 2)Out:{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "4f964d3000b5874e7a163895"} , "name" : "Rick Hightower" , "gender" : "m" , "phone" : "520-555-1212" , "age" : 42.0}{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "4f984cce72320612f8f432bb"} , "name" : "Diana Hightower" , "gender" : "f" , "phone" : "520-555-1212" , "age" : 30} Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 56. Using Java Basics (2 of 2)Output:Rick?{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "4f964d3000b5874e7a163895"} , "name" : "Rick Hightower" , "gender" : "m" , "phone" : "520-555-1212" , "age" : 42.0}Diana?{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "4f984cae72329d0ecd8716c8"} , "name" : "Diana Hightower" , "gender" : "m" , "phone" : "520-555-1212" , "age" : 30}Diana by object id?{ "_id" : { "$oid" : "4f984cce72320612f8f432bb"} , "name" : "Diana Hightower" , "gender" : "f" , "phone" : "520-555-1212" , "age" : 30} Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 57. All of the above but in Python• Install mongodb lib for PythonMAC OSX$ sudo env ARCHFLAGS=-arch i386 -arch x86_64 python -m easy_install pymongoLinux$ easy_install pymongoor$ pip install pymongo Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 58. Basic Python Operations (1 of 2)Output:{ugender: um, uage: 42.0, u_id: ObjectId(4f964d3000b5874e7a163895), uname: uRick Hightower, uphone:u520-555-1212}{ugender: um, uage: 30, u_id: ObjectId(4f984cae72329d0ecd8716c8), uname: uDiana Hightower, uphone:u520-555-1212}{ugender: um, uage: 8, u_id: ObjectId(4f9e111980cbd54eea000000), uname: uLucas Hightower, uphone:u520-555-1212} Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 59. Basic Python Operations (2 of 2)Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 60. All of the above but in PHP• Install on PHP$ sudo pecl install mongo• Add to php.ini:extension=mongo.so• Restart apache$ apachectl stop$ apachectl start Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 61. Mongo PHP Basics (1 of 2)Output:array ( _id => MongoId::__set_state(array( $id => 4f964d3000b5874e7a163895, )), name => Rick Hightower,gender => m, phone => 520-555-1212, age => 42, )array ( _id => MongoId::__set_state(array( $id => 4f984cae72329d0ecd8716c8, )), name => Diana Hightower, gender => ‘f,phone => 520-555-1212, age => 30, )array ( _id => MongoId::__set_state(array( $id => 4f9e170580cbd54f27000000, )), gender => m, age => 8, name => Lucas Hightower,phone => 520-555-1212, ) Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 62. Mongo PHP (2 of 2)OutputRick?array ( _id => MongoId..., name => Rick Hightower, gender => m,phone => 520-555-1212, age => 42, )Diana?array ( _id => MongoId::..., name => Diana Hightower, gender => ‘f,phone => 520-555-1212, age => 30, )Diana by id?array ( _id => MongoId::..., name => Diana Hightower, gender => f,phone => 520-555-1212, age => 30, ) Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 63. Shell commands in action> show dbslocal (empty)tutorial 0.203125GB> show collectionsemployeessystem.indexes> show users> show profiledb.system.profile is emptyUse db.setProfilingLevel(2) will enable profiling..> show logsglobal> show log globalMon Apr 23 23:33:14 [initandlisten] MongoDB starting : pid=11773 port=27017 dbpath=/etc/mongodb/data 64-bit……Mon Apr 23 23:33:14 [initandlisten] options: { config: "/etc/mongodb/mongodb.config", dbpath: "/etc/mongodb/data" } Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 64. Collection Methods (1 of 2)> db.employees.help()DBCollection helpdb.employees.find().help() - show DBCursor helpdb.employees.count()db.employees.dataSize()db.employees.distinct( key ) - eg. db.employees.distinct( x )db.employees.drop() drop the collectiondb.employees.dropIndex(name)db.employees.dropIndexes()db.employees.ensureIndex(keypattern[,options]) - options is an object with these possible fields: name,unique, dropDupsdb.employees.reIndex()db.employees.find([query],[fields]) - query is an optional query filter. fields is optional set of fields to return.e.g. db.employees.find( {x:77} , {name:1, x:1} )db.employees.find(...).count()db.employees.find(...).limit(n)db.employees.find(...).skip(n)db.employees.find(...).sort(...) Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 65. Collection Methods (2 of 2)db.employees.findOne([query]) db.employees.save(obj)db.employees.findAndModify( { update : ... , db.employees.stats()remove : bool [, query: {}, sort: {}, new: false] } ) db.employees.storageSize() - includes freedb.employees.getDB() get DB object associated space allocated to this collectionwith collection db.employees.totalIndexSize() - size indb.employees.getIndexes() bytes of all the indexesdb.employees.group( { key : ..., initial: ..., db.employees.totalSize() - storage allocatedreduce : ...[, cond: ...] } ) for all data and indexesdb.employees.mapReduce( mapFunction , db.employees.update(query, object[,reduceFunction , <optional params> ) upsert_bool, multi_bool])db.employees.remove(query) db.employees.validate( <full> ) – SLOWdb.employees.renameCollection( newName ,<dropTarget> ) renames the collection. db.employees.getShardVersion() - only fordb.employees.runCommand( name , <options> ) use with shardingruns a db command with the given name where db.employees.getShardDistribution() -the first param is the collection name prints statistics about data distribution in the cluster Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 66. Basic shell commands (1 of 2)> help db.help() help on db methods db.mycoll.help() help on collection methods rs.help() help on replica set methods help admin administrative help help connect connecting to a db help help keys key shortcuts help misc misc things to know help mr mapreduce Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 67. Basic shell commands (2 of 2)> help…show dbs show database namesshow collections show collections in current databaseshow users show users in current databaseshow profile show most recent system.profile entries time>= 1msshow logs show the accessible logger namesshow log [name] prints out the last segment of log in memory,use <db_name> set current databaseDBQuery.shellBatchSize = x set default number of items to display on shellexit quit the mongo shell Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 68. Tips for scaling mongo• Roger Bodamer• http://www.infoq.com/presentations/Scaling-with-Mon• Good ideas on EC2 shortcoming• RAID configuration (RAID 10 for speed and scaling)• Config Servers know where keys are, has key to shard mapping, mongos refer to config servers 68 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 69. Tips for scaling mongo• Don’t use sharding unless needed• 90% of deployments don’t need sharding according to Roger Bodamer – Are you Twitter, Linkedin, Facebook, Foursquare? No – You probably not going to need it• Replica Sets are more needed – Why? HA, read scalability• Mongos can live on primary box• ConfigServer can live on a primary box• http://www.infoq.com/presentations/Scaling-with-MongoDB 69 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 70. Tips for scaling mongo• Replicas should be on separate boxes 70 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 71. Backups• You can use tools with mongodb• Or, if your hardware supports shutdowns• Sync to disk, shutdown cleanly, take a snapshot• http://www.infoq.com/presentations/Scaling-with-MongoDB 71 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 72. Coming up• Basic CRUD and queries: Slide deck showing a simple CRUD listing website in Python, Java and PHP using MySQL and MongoDB – Justing showing general operations• Queries: Slide deck improving demo app to do more complex queries• Replica Set: Slide deck setting up simple Replica Set in Amazon EC2 with boto scripts – Durability modes with examples in Python, PHP and Java• Sharding: Slide deck setting up Sharding in MongoDB – Python, PHP and Java• Map Reduce: Slide deck using sample app to do map reduce in Java, PHP and Python 72 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 73. More to come• This is an early version of this.... expect updates• Looking for some feedback• Want to grow it out, put it on github, etc.• Do some compare and contrast between MongoDB, MySQL, Cassandra, etc.• Things you won’t get from a vendor – complaining – criticism – shortcomings 73 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 74. About Author• Rick Hightower, founder of ArcMind (RIP) and Mammatus, father of five• Former CTO of LearningPatterns and Trivera Technologies (global training and consulting firms)• Director of Development at 3 different places• Author of five technical books• Editor at InfoQ• 20 years hacking code (C, Python, C++, Java, etc.)• https://twitter.com/#!/RickHigh 74 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.
  • 75. About Mammatus, ArcMind• ArcMind focused on Spring framework, JSF, Java EE, Spring MVC, Grails, Groovy, Development, Tiles, etc. – Started in 2003 ended in 2009 – Lot of clients (Boeing, Qualcomm, Bank of America, et.c), lots of traveling• Mammatus Tech (bumpy clouds) focuses on Cloud computing, NoSQL, BigData, Map Reduce, Java, PHP, Python, EC2, etc. – Started in 2009 – http://cloud.mammatustech.com/ – http://nosql.mammatustech.com/ – http://www.mammatustech.com/ 75 Copyright © Mammatus Technology Inc. | Licensed under Creative Commons.