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Superlative and Comparative

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superlative and comparative

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Superlative and Comparative

1. 1. Comparative, andSuperlativeBy Henry Caro =)
4. 4. This sentence shows the use oflarge in the positive degree.This hippopotamus islarge.(larger than)
5. 5. But what happens when you wantto compare the largehippopotamus to something else?
6. 6. When you compare the largehippopotamus to another thing,you have to use the comparativedegree. This means that theword has to change.
7. 7. There are 2 ways that you canchange “large” to the comparativedegree:•Add “er” to the end of the word•Add “more” to the front of the wordlarge + er = larger
8. 8. The hippopotamus islarger than the pig.
9. 9. Some adjectives, especiallythose with 3 syllables ormore, use “more” instead of“er.” Here’s an example:
10. 10. The hippopotamus is moreintelligent than the chicken.1 + 1 = 2 24= 16
11. 11. But what should we do if we wantto compare our largehippopotamus with more than justone other thing? What should wedo if we want to compare our largehippopotamus to….let’s say….3other things?
12. 12. We would then use the adjective inthe superlative degree, and thatmeans that our word would haveto change again.
13. 13. There are 2 ways that you canchange “large” to the superlativedegree:•Add “est” to the end of the word•Add “most” to the front of the wordlarge + est = largest
14. 14. The hippopotamus is thelargest one in the bunch.
15. 15. Here’s an example where youwould use “most” in front of anadjective.
16. 16. The hippopotamus is the mostcourteous animal of the group.Moveit orlose it!You’reouttahere! Hit thehighway,big guy!May I pleasebe excused?
17. 17. So, we have learned that we canuse an adjective to showrelationships in the comparativeand superlative degrees:
18. 18. •larger (comparing 2 things)•largest (comparing more than 2 things)•more intelligent (comparing 2 things)•most intelligent (comparing more than 2 things)• more courteous (comparing 2 things)• most courteous (comparing more than 2 things)
19. 19. Like many things in the Englishlanguage, there are someexceptions:
20. 20. Some words change differently inthe comparative and superlativedegrees.
21. 21. For example,let’s consider the word “good”:POSITIVE: goodCOMPARATIVE: betterSUPERLATIVE: best