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Ecological Anthropology U of MN - 3041-5041: Spring 2008 <ul><li>Instructor:  </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Currie Smith Ph.D....
EcoAnth: Course Description <ul><li>Concepts, Theories, and Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eclectic - Systems Approach  </l...
EcoAnth:  Course Objectives: <ul><li>Understand sub-field of eco-anthropology,  </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity = Cultural ...
Modern Western Culture Dominance Over Nature Metaphor
Gregory Bateson   (1904-1980) Ecological Anthropologist & Communication Theorist    Major Works : “Steps to an Ecology    ...
Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems  Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><ul><li>Global environmental degradation derives ...
Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems  Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>Culture  is a biophysically embedded living  ...
Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems  Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>“ As a method of perception - and that is all...
Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems  Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>Following the  Gnostics and Jung </li></ul><u...
Gregory Bateson’s   Culture as a Living System  Approach <ul><ul><li>Living System:   A   self-generating and self-organiz...
Gregory Bateson’s   Culture as a Living System  Approach <ul><ul><li>Culture  is a living system because it is created, al...
Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems  Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><ul><li>Global environmental degradation derives ...
Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems  Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>Modern Western culture’s  epistemological  </...
Modern Western Society’s Fundamental Epistemological Error <ul><li>From  Cartesian reductionist view  d ominant in </li></...
Bateson’s &quot;Separation From Nature” Cluster of Ideas   <ul><li>It’s us against the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s...
Ecosemiotics Source: Kull Kalevi 1998 The communicative relationship  between nature and culture
EcoAnth: Course Overview <ul><li>Weeks 1-4: Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 5-7: Case Studies  </li></ul><ul><li>Week 8: In...
EcoAnth: Pedagogy <ul><li>Quality over Quantity </li></ul><ul><li>Rigor and Imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Abductive Reason...
EcoAnth: Required Texts <ul><li>Theoretical  </li></ul><ul><li>Mind and Nature : Gregory Bateson </li></ul><ul><li>Steps t...
EcoAnth : Grading and Expectations Class Participation 20%  =  20 Points Quizzes 10%  = 10 Points In Class Mid-Term Exam 2...
EcoAnth: Group Project Global Climate Change – Tar Sands Refinery
Gullible Warming
Global Warming Sources: World Health Organization & the  Pew Center on Global Climate Change,  2007 Projections of future ...
EcoAnth Group Project S. Dakota Tar Sands Refinery <ul><li>Possible Tags </li></ul><ul><li>Global Climate Change </li></ul...
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Ecological Anthropology Course Intro 1-22-08

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livingwebconsulting.com Richard Currie Smith Ph.D. U of MN, Week one course overview

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  • Transcript of "Ecological Anthropology Course Intro 1-22-08"

    1. 1. Ecological Anthropology U of MN - 3041-5041: Spring 2008 <ul><li>Instructor: </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Currie Smith Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecological Anthropologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Conservation & Load Management (Utilities) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North American Prairie Restoration (MN River Basin) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 Social Networking Software (Eco Groups) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    2. 2. EcoAnth: Course Description <ul><li>Concepts, Theories, and Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eclectic - Systems Approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Living Systems (Gregory Bateson-Ecosemiotics) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global Climate change (Canadian Tar Sands) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Human/Environmental Interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Cultural Comparison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Temporal and Spatial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrative focus on Particular Place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>N. American Prairie (MN River Basin) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. EcoAnth: Course Objectives: <ul><li>Understand sub-field of eco-anthropology, </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity = Cultural Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize culture as primary medium of human/environmental interaction, </li></ul><ul><li>Human = Bio-physiology + Culture + Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Apply eco-anthropology methods to environmental problems and issues, </li></ul><ul><li>Global climate change = Humans + Culture + Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate an ecological epistemology or way of thinking about nature, an ecological consciousness, </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge = knower + known </li></ul>
    4. 4. Modern Western Culture Dominance Over Nature Metaphor
    5. 5. Gregory Bateson (1904-1980) Ecological Anthropologist & Communication Theorist Major Works : “Steps to an Ecology of Mind” (1972 [2000]) “ Mind and Nature” (1979 [2002])
    6. 6. Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><ul><li>Global environmental degradation derives from the cultural ideas of modern western humans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restoration best accomplished by concentrating on these cultural ideas </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>Culture is a biophysically embedded living communicative system through which members of a group interact with nature. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For human’s there is no direct experience of the environment , there are no trees or rivers in the human brain only images ( signs ) of them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perception is active action is passive </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>“ As a method of perception - and that is all that science can claim to be - science, like all other methods of perception, is limited in its ability to collect the outward and visible signs of whatever may be truth. Science probes it does not prove .” </li></ul><ul><li>Gregory Bateson (1979 [2002]:27) </li></ul>
    9. 9. Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>Following the Gnostics and Jung </li></ul><ul><li>Universe Divided Between </li></ul><ul><li>Pleroma: The non-living world of forces, impacts, universal laws </li></ul><ul><li>- Kick a rock, prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Creatura: The living world of differences, </li></ul><ul><li> variations, patterns </li></ul><ul><li>- Kick a dog, probability </li></ul>
    10. 10. Gregory Bateson’s Culture as a Living System Approach <ul><ul><li>Living System: A self-generating and self-organizing network that is greater than the sum of its interrelated and interdependent component parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Defy the second law of thermodynamics by creating order out of disorder (temporal distortion) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Gregory Bateson’s Culture as a Living System Approach <ul><ul><li>Culture is a living system because it is created, altered, and intrinsically dependent upon the living systems that are human beings for its existence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human = Bio-physiology + Culture Environment </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><ul><li>Global environmental degradation derives from the cultural ideas of modern western humans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restoration best accomplished by concentrating on these cultural ideas </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Gregory Bateson’s Living Systems Approach to Ecological Restoration <ul><li>Modern Western culture’s epistemological </li></ul><ul><li>assumptions* toward nature are flawed and deep cultural change is needed </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This includes ideas about aesthetics (beauty and the sacred) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*Epistemology = Way of knowing and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>thinking about nature </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Modern Western Society’s Fundamental Epistemological Error <ul><li>From Cartesian reductionist view d ominant in </li></ul><ul><li>western science and society for last 300 years </li></ul><ul><li>Humankind is separate from nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature is best known by breaking it into parts and analyzing the Parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humankind’s rational intellect is superior to nature </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Bateson’s &quot;Separation From Nature” Cluster of Ideas <ul><li>It’s us against the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the individual (or individual company or individual nation) that matters. </li></ul><ul><li>We can have unilateral control over the environment and must strive for that control. </li></ul><ul><li>We live in an infinitely expanding “frontier.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Economic determinism is common sense. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology will do it for us </li></ul>
    16. 16. Ecosemiotics Source: Kull Kalevi 1998 The communicative relationship between nature and culture
    17. 17. EcoAnth: Course Overview <ul><li>Weeks 1-4: Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 5-7: Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Week 8: In Class Mid-Term Exam </li></ul><ul><li>Week 9: Review Exam & Group Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Week 10: Adaptation/Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 11-12: Literary Works </li></ul><ul><li>Weeks 13-14: Group Project/Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Week 15: Final Paper & Class Review </li></ul>
    18. 18. EcoAnth: Pedagogy <ul><li>Quality over Quantity </li></ul><ul><li>Rigor and Imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Abductive Reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Recursive Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Peer to Peer Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Wisdom of the Class </li></ul>
    19. 19. EcoAnth: Required Texts <ul><li>Theoretical </li></ul><ul><li>Mind and Nature : Gregory Bateson </li></ul><ul><li>Steps to an Ecology of Mind : Gregory Bateson </li></ul><ul><li>Case Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Intro to Cultural Ecology : Sutton & Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>Literary </li></ul><ul><li>Black Elk Speaks : John Neihardt </li></ul><ul><li>Buffalo for the Broken Heart : Dan O’brien </li></ul>
    20. 20. EcoAnth : Grading and Expectations Class Participation 20% = 20 Points Quizzes 10% = 10 Points In Class Mid-Term Exam 20% = 20 Points Group Project/Presentation 20% = 20 Points Final Paper 30% = 30 Points Total 100% = 100 Points
    21. 21. EcoAnth: Group Project Global Climate Change – Tar Sands Refinery
    22. 22. Gullible Warming
    23. 23. Global Warming Sources: World Health Organization & the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, 2007 Projections of future warming suggest a global increase of 2.5 o F (1.4 o C) to 10.4 o F (5.8 o C) by 2100
    24. 24. EcoAnth Group Project S. Dakota Tar Sands Refinery <ul><li>Possible Tags </li></ul><ul><li>Global Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Strip Mine </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Water Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>Air Pollution-Toxic Chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Artic Natural Gas Pipeline </li></ul><ul><li>Loess Hills Prairie </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>“ Green” Refinery </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy </li></ul>
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