Patchouli livelihoods info for bop mobiles
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Patchouli livelihoods info for bop mobiles

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A pilot example of livelihoods learning on mobile phones. Contact richard.beresford@microaid.com for more information

A pilot example of livelihoods learning on mobile phones. Contact richard.beresford@microaid.com for more information

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Patchouli livelihoods info for bop mobiles Document Transcript

  • 1. PATCHOULI Example Set of Flash Cards Slide Show STARTText with underline is clickable
  • 2. STEPS1. Choose Location 9. Distillation2. Make a nursery 10. Why Patchouli?3. Prepare land 11. Supply Chain4. Planting 12. Contacts5. Maintenance 13. Finance6. Pests and 14. Business Plan Diseases 15. Tips7. Harvest8. Post-Harvest Text with underline is clickable
  • 3. Choose Location• 50 to 400m • Fertile soilabove sea level • Good drainage• Hightemperature and • Enough sunlighthumidity • Near distillery Continue to checklist Text with underline is clickable
  • 4. Choose Location [checklist] • Patchouli growing area starts from 500 sq metres • 50 to 400-metre-high above sea level • High temperature and humidity • Enough sunlight - not shielded by tall trees • Fertile and crumbly soil with plenty of natural nutrient • Good drainage no stagnant water • Near distillery Text with underline is clickable
  • 5. Make a Nursery• Learn nursery • Wait for root cuttings skills growth• Find good, local • Use poly bags parent plants• Use correct • Make shade cutting sizes house• Stimulate roots Continue to checklist 1 Text with underline is clickable
  • 6. Make a Nursery [checklist 1] Patchouli nursery from cuttings from a good and chosen parent plant. Learn how to do it from Department of Agricultures instructors. Grow the cutting first using a polybag. Parent plants - Select from a patchouli parent plant from local variety with good growth and no disease. Cutting sizes - branch/stem diameter for cutting is 0.8 - 1 cm. The length of a cutting 15 - 25 cm and has at least six buds.Root stimulant - Remove all the leavesexcept 4 small leaves on the top, then soakthe tip of the cuttings stem in a rootstimulating organic liquid fertilizer for 5minutes. Continue to checklist 2 Text with underline is clickable
  • 7. Make a Nursery [checklist 2]Root growth - tie the cuttings together with50 - 100 other patchouli cuttings stems andleave for 15 days. Polybag - When the root and the leaves start to grow, move the cuttings into a polybag filled with the following evenly-mixed materials: 10 kgs of soil, 12.5 kgs of husk, 2.5 kgs of sand, and 10 kgs of animal compost. Grow the cuttings in the polybag for 2 months at most. Make a shade house - The shade house is 180-cm-high on the east side and 120-cm-high on the west side so the sunlight can shine in. Cover the top of the shade house with leaves or plastic net so the sunlight does not shine directly onto the cuttings. Place the polybags in shade house. Text with underline is clickable
  • 8. Prepare Land• Clear land• Prune trees• Add drainage if necessary Continue to checklistText with underline is clickable
  • 9. Prepare Land [checklist ]Preparing the land for patchouli cultivationrequires the following steps: • Prepare land by clearing grass and shrubs • Prune the branches and leaves of tall trees around the growing area • If flat land, make a trench to avoid stagnant water. For sloping land, drainage is not necessary Text with underline is clickable
  • 10. Planting • Plant spaces • Make holes • Use nursery cuttings • Lie cutting flat • Cover with soil • Wet planting time Continue to checklistText with underline is clickable
  • 11. Planting [checklist 1]The steps in planting patchouli are: Measure the space between plants since it is a very important issue for fully-grown patchoulis. An ideal planting space for a fertile land is 100 cm x 100 cm or 1 metre square, whereas a less-fertile land (such as terracota) requires 60 cm x 60 cm spacing. Make plant holes (5-cm-deep). After the cuttings are taken from the parent plants stem, it can be planted in the land right away, but this method has high risk of dead cuttings. It is recommended to use a cuttings that has been planted in a polybag before. (See 3 Make a nursery) Continue to checklist 2 Text with underline is clickable
  • 12. Planting [checklist 2] Put the cuttings in the plant hole. The stems position should be flat on the ground and sideways. Cover with soil and use your foot to press it gently so the cuttings could blend with the soil. Plant at the beginning of the rain/wet season Young patchouli cuttings need shade from leaves or by planting temporary shading crops such as maize in between the patchouli plants. Maize will be ready to be harvested in 3-4 months after which patchouli cuttings are well established Text with underline is clickable
  • 13. Maintenance • Weeding • Disease spotting • Trimming • Recovery Continue to checklistText with underline is clickable
  • 14. Maintenance [checklist 1] There are several steps that has to be done in maintaining patchouli plant: Clear the area from weeds and other un supporting plants regularly, using hoes and machetes. Be careful not to disturb the roots and cause disease to the patchouli plants. Stitching is done after the plants aged 2 - 4 weeks, by removing dead plants or plants infected by pests and diseases. Burn or dispose those dead plants away from the planting area to avoid spreading disease. Continue to checklist 2 Text with underline is clickable
  • 15. Maintenance [checklist 2] Trimming after the plants are 3-month-old and clumps are formed that touch other patchouli plants. Trimming is to the third branch and above. Recovery is done after harvesting. The branches, stems and twigs that are left behind after harvest and are close to the ground are covered with 10-to-15-cm- thick of soil. Break the tips of the branches that are far from the ground (but make sure that they are still connected) and cover the broken cuttings with soil so that patchouli tillers will grow and may produce more crop. Text with underline is clickable
  • 16. Why Patchouli? Simple Crop and High Selling PricePatchouli, a member of the mint family, iseasy to cultivate and produces essential oilwith quite a high selling price.To obtain good quality essential oil, farmersneed to focus on obtaining good root stock ,perform maintenance on a regular basis, andhave access to a distillery where driedleaves are purchased per kilo. Continue to requirement Text with underline is clickable
  • 17. Simple Crop and High Selling Price Patchouli can be harvested every 2 - 3months, that is why it makes a very good alternative source of family income.ARE YOU READY TO GROW PATCHOULI? Requirement Market : Distillery Finance : < $100 Skill : Agriculture Resources : >500m land Text with underline is clickable
  • 18. Decision Making Steps1. Why Patchouli?2. Do you have a buyer?3. Do you have the skills?4. Do you have the land / resources?5. Is Cash available?6. What contacts do you have?7. Discuss with family and friends8. Do you have time?9. Decide! Text with underline is clickable
  • 19. Supply ChainText with underline is clickable
  • 20. Contacts Web: •http://www.oiscajfpr.org/home/program/nilam•http://livelihoodmembersdatabase.appspot.com/li vecenter PIM Online: •http://apps.facebook.com/pimdesigner/Alex Halvachs, Payan BertrandMobile : 081362437177Email : timhalvachs@hotmail.com Text with underline is clickable
  • 21. Finance - RevenueREVENUE Total 12 kgs ofProduction: Essential Oil Selling Rp 300,000 Price: Total Production (Kg) x Selling Revenue: Rp. 6,600,000 Price (Rp) Kg x 12 550,000 Rp. • See Capital • See Profit Text with underline is clickable
  • 22. Finance - Capital CAPITAL Type of No Steps Capital Capital 1 Location Selection 2 Nursery 100,000 Seasonal 3 Land Preparation Farming Tools (hoes, Fixed machetes, etc.) 170,000 4 Planting 100,000 Seasonal 5 Maintenance 6 Pests and Diseases Control 7 Harvesting 100,000 Seasonal 8 Post-Harvest Cost of Distillation 1,200,000 Seasonal Total Fixed Capital Only at(Only disbursed in the beginning of 170,000 start up the process) Total Seasonal Capital Disbursed (Needed in every cultivation 1,500,000 every season) season Total Initial Capital 1,670,000Remarks: Capital estimation is made in accordance to the condition- of a 25 m x 25 m area. The cost of essential oil distillation is assumed to be about- Rp. 100.000,- per kilogram of essential oil extracted. Text with underline is clickable
  • 23. Finance - ProfitPROFITRevenue: 6,600,000Seasonal Capital: 1,500,000Profit: 5,100,000 Text with underline is clickable
  • 24. Business PlanText with underline is clickable
  • 25. Tips • Funding proposal • Process People profile• Model - raw materials and people • Clustering • Eco strategies Text with underline is clickable