Growing Patchouli PREPARATION

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Livelihoods Learning Technology for Patchouli growing preparation including choosing location, seed and making a nursery.

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Growing Patchouli PREPARATION

  1. 1. GROWING PATCHOULILIVELIHOODS LEARNINGSTEPSPREPARATION
  2. 2. PREPARATION STEPSFOR GROWING PATCHOULI 1. CHOOSE LOCATION 2. MAKE A NURSERY 3. PREPARE LAND MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  3. 3. CHOOSE LOCATIONChoosing the location for patchouli cultivation is quitesimple. Just take note of the following steps andrequirements : 1. High Ground 2. Temperature 3. Sunlight 4. Soil 5. Nearby Distillery MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  4. 4. HIGH GROUND50-400 metresThe most suitable location for patchoulicultivation should be about 50 to 400-metre-high above sea level (mdpl), in order forpatchouli to have a high level of oil content anda good level of alcohol content. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  5. 5. TEMPERATUREHigh temperature & humidityPatchouli plant needs high and humidtemperature . MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  6. 6. SUNLIGHTFull sunlightFully-grown patchouli requires enough sunlightso try to find a location that is not shielded bytall trees. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  7. 7. SOILFertile, well drained soilChoose a location that has fertile and crumbly soil,contains plenty of natural nutrient, and where thewater is not stagnant in the area. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  8. 8. NEARBY DISTILLERYLess than 25km from distilleryChoose a location that has a nearby distillery forpremium patchouli >30% PA for higher dry leafprices. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  9. 9. MAKE A NURSERYThe steps in nursery are: 1. Learn Nursery Method 2. Seedling 3. Parent Plant 4. Root Stimulant 5. Poly Bag 6. Shade MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  10. 10. LEARN NURSERY METHODLearn cuttings skill from expertPatchouli nursery is done by cutting (stek) method on thestem and branch of a good and chosen parent plant. Beforecutting, learn how to do it well from The Department ofAgricultures instructors or from other local experts. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  11. 11. SEEDLINGSSelect seedlings with good growth andno disease.Seedlings are taken from a plant which has good growth and is freeof diseases. Patchouli seedlings obtained from the cutting methodcan be directly planted in the plantation area, but it is better to growthe seed first using a polybag. Selecting a good patchouli parentplant is very important in the patchouli cultivation. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  12. 12. PARENT PLANTSCutting branch/stem diameter ofabout 0.8 - 1 cmChoose a patchouli parent plant which comes fromlocal Patchouli variety with good growth. Choose apatchouli parent plant stems which has a branchdiameter for cutting of about 0.8 - 1 cm. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  13. 13. ROOT STIMULANTCutting stem length 15-25 cm;root stimulant 5 minutes; leave for 15 days.The length of a cut branch is approx. 15 - 25 cm and has at least six buds.Remove all the leaves except 4 small leaves on the top, soak the tip ofthe seedling stem - where the root is supposed to grow later - in a rootstimulating organic liquid fertilizer for 5 minutes. Then tie the seedlingstogether with 50 - 100 other patchouli seed ling stems and leave for 15days. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  14. 14. POLYBAG10 kg soil; 12.5 kg husk; 2.5 kg sand &10 kg animal compost. Period 2 monthsWhen the root and the leaves start to grow, move the seed into apolybag filled with the following evenly-mixed materials: 10 kg ofsoil, 12.5 kg of husk, 2.5 kg of sand, and 10 kg of animalcompost. Grow the seed in the polybag for 2 months at most. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  15. 15. SHADESlanted shade house 180-cm-120cmhighPlace the polybag under a seedbed shade house. Prepare aseedbed in the shape of a shade house which is 180-cm-high onthe east side and 120-cm-high on the west side to let thesunlight to shine in. Cover the top of the shade house with leavesor plastic net so the sunlight does not shine directly on to theseed. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  16. 16. PREPARE LANDPreparing the land for patchoulicultivation requires the following steps: 1. Clear Land 2. Prune Trees 3. Drainage MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  17. 17. CLEAR LANDClear grass and shrubsClear the land from grass and shrub. Collect the wastefrom the clearing process in one place but do not burnthem. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  18. 18. PRUNE TREESPrune surrounding treesCut the branches and leaves of tall trees aroundthe area so they do not block the sunlight and thefully-grown patchouli gets plenty of sunlight. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  19. 19. DRAINAGEDig drainage trench if necessary. If the planting area is located in a flat terrain, it isbetter to make a trench/drainage to avoidstagnant water in the area. For an area located in asloping land, trench/drainage is not necessary. MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.
  20. 20. GROWING PATCHOULISimple cultivation and High Selling PricePatchouli plants which produce essentialoil are easy to cultivate and have a highselling price at selected distilleries.To obtain good quality essential oil, farmers need to focuson the seedling quality and perform maintenance on aregular basis, especially during the harvesting anddistillation periods.Patchouli can be harvested every 2 - 3 months, whichmakes growing patchouli a very good alternative for a BOPfamilys additional source of income in selected areas.Learn more about Patchouli using MicroAidLearning Livelihoods Steps on SlideShare.GROWING PATCHOULI Slideshare url http://www.slideshare.net/Preparation richardberesford/growing-patchouli- preparationProduction n/aMarketing n/aFinance n/a MicroAid.org - Micro-Connections for rural supply chains at the bottom of the pyramid.

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