Forty yearsofpolls
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Forty yearsofpolls

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Forty yearsofpolls Forty yearsofpolls Presentation Transcript

  • Forty Years of Public Opinion on Standardized Testing(c) Richard P. Phelps (c) 2003, by Richard P. Phelps
  • The vagaries of opinion poll data for use in research Polling is episodic Polls are often implemented quickly while a topic is in the news, leaving little time to pretest and edit items Pollsters are often unfamiliar with a topic and, as a result, can pose questions based on naïve or inaccurate assumptions There are two types of sampling error and pollsters often tell you about only one of them
  • Possible indicators that a poll is of low quality Poll does not publish its response or cooperation rate Data collection lasted only a few days (better polls will use at least a week) The pollsters can often be seen as pundits on television news talk shows View slide
  • Respondent groups in public opinion polls and research surveys Number of studies, 1965-2002 Respondent group Teachers, administrators Public, parents Public opinion polls 13 (5%) 232 (95%) Research studies (evaluations, surveys) 56 (73%) 21 (27%) View slide
  • 6 5 6 9 7 3 7 7 8 1 8 5 8 9 9 3 9 7 0 1 0 200 Items on standardized testing in n Year
  • Pollsters pay more attention to testing when there's a national testing proposal under consideration ● George H. W. Bush's national testing plan (1990-92) ● Bill Clinton's “Voluntary National Tests” (1997-99) ● George W. Bush's “No Child Left Behind” testing requirements (2000-02) ➔ (6 polls) +52 pp avg ➔ (6 polls) +48 pp avg ➔ (14 polls) +57 pp avg.
  • What should tests measure? Should they be required? Favor or oppose requiring standardized national tests to measure... ● ...the academic achievement of students +60 pp ● ...knowledge in 5 core subjects +80 pp ● ...problem-solving skills +74 pp ● ...ability to write a clear composition +75 pp Favor or oppose making these tests optional for districts? +37 pp i.e., +23 pp prefer required over optional tests
  • How should tests be used? Do you think tests should be used to... (PDK '97) ● ...identify areas in which student need help +76 pp ● ...to rank the local public schools +39 pp ● ...to determine if a student advances to the next grade +28 pp ● ...to determine the level of funding school receives -18 pp ● ...to determine how much teachers should be paid -14 pp
  • Steadfast in support of graduation exams Should students be required to pass tests to graduate? +90 pp (MOR '85) ● ...if your child failed the first time? +86 pp ● ...if your child did not receive a diploma? +68 pp ● ...if 20% of low income students did not receive a diploma? +55 pp
  • Summary of public opinion on high- stakes requirements Among Education Providers (i.e. teachers, administrators, etc.) Multiple polls and surveys, 1978-2003 Support for... Number of Polls Mean pp dif ...high school graduation test requirements 26 34.3 ...grade-level promotion test requirements 5 38.4
  • Summary of public opinion on high- stakes requirements Among Education Consumers (i.e., public, parents, students, etc.) Multiple polls and surveys, 1958-2003 Support for... Number of Polls Mean pp dif ...high school graduation test requirements 33 47.3 ...grade-level promotion test requirements 23 45.3