Questions How to translate democracy into development? (The links are not automatic) How to make sure democracy benefits the people?
Background Contested notion of ”nation state” in Africa (=”alien state”) Need for the development of civil society to counteract traditional tensions
Nation Building in Africa Idealistic Nationalist leaders Political Independence Mid-1960s: era of military governments New age of democracy
Current need Growth of Constitutional Democracy goes hand in hand with the development of civil society
Constitutional Democracy Political parties Electoral system Separation of powers (system of checks and balances Vibrant civil society Free and independent media Effective control over military and armed forces
Necessities for functioning democracy Right of people to free and effective chioce – politicians need to repect election result Right to free association Right to freedom of expression Right to the rule of law Transparency, due process, accountability
Pillars of democracy Strong, effective, accountable Parliament Civil society – network of civil society organisations needed Free and fair elections Properly functioning market: providing goods and services Freedoms...
Leadership Failures in democracy can be traced to failures in leadership. There is a need for quality leadership:
Leadership Leaders must strive to: Create productive national economies for development and the provision of goods and services Promote of good governance Develop an humane, peaceful and just society
Conclusion Democracy should not SUSTAIN people