This presentation will look at broader cultural and historical views on the transgender population within:
The United Kingdom
New Zealand and Australia
All the information on these specific countries is based on Tarynn Witten’s article
“ Transgender and Transsexuality” from the Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men
and Women in the World’s Cultures, Volume 1 .
Then a deeper look into Southeast Asia while understanding where transgenderism has its place in cultures and societies. This part of the presentation is focused on the article, “Transgenderism and Gender Pluralism in Southeast Asia since Early Modern Times” written by Michael G. Peletz.
Transgender first appeared in ancient cultures. But with the rise of Judeo-Christianity gender identity became a concept that was based around being either male or female, a third sex was not acknowledged.
There has been a lot of confusion to what gender , sex , and sexuality really are and who defines it.
Gender identity is a something that a person defines themselves based on their own experience.
How would you define your own gender identity? Sex? Or Sexuality?
Introduction: What is Sex, Gender and Sexuality?
Sex is the concept in which when you are born and the doctor says, “it’s a girl or it’s a boy” based on your genitals. This type of strict labeling of what sex is, is the Judeo-Christian method.
Gende r does not involve who you are biologically but rather defines a person based on who they feel they are as a person inside, a man, a woman or something in between.
Sexuality is the expression of erotic or sexual behavior and experiences.
But wait there is one more symbol…
Introduction: Transgender, Transexuality and Intersex
Transgender is defined as having a gender identity that is different from the sex you were born with.
Transsexuality fits into the same definition as Transgender
Intersex means that a person is born with genitals that aren’t just male or female.
T.V show clip to consider watching from Our America
There are still some issues concerning the UK’s legal system, once someone undergoes sex reassignment surgery they are not permitted to change their birth certificate to state their new sex. This means that it is illegal to marry someone of their same sex.
There are many activist groups and support groups that have been created. Some of these groups that started in the 1960’s are still running today like the Beaumont Society and FTM Network.
Some sites to explore
April Ashley- still thought of as a man on her birth certificate If the surgery is legal why restrict these people from becoming the person they truly are?
1968: FPE-NE was created, an organization for transpeople
By 2002 FPE-NE had 142 members
2002: LFTS formed with 3 purposes in mind
One : large increase in the want for sex reassignment surgery
Two : creating equality for the transgender population to be able to express themselves in public
Three : bringing the transgender population together
120 members but not economically supported by the state
“ All About My Father”- Award winning Norwegian documentary (picture on right is from the movie)
For more information on the movie
http://www. imdb .com/title/tt0310622/
Now Time to Look into One Particular Region: Southeast Asia We will be analyzing transgenderism in the ancient culture and how it is viewed today in those societies, taking into consideration what has led to today’s beliefs.