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  • 1. Communication and Identity
    “The identity of one changes with how one perceives reality”
    Rich Murphy © 2009
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 2. “A big Indian and a little Indian are sitting on a log.  The big Indian points to the little Indian and says, "That Indian is my son."  The little Indian points to the big Indian and says, "That Indian is not my father."  Both are telling the truth.  How is this possible?”
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 3. The Indian is his mother.  Our schemas often associate Indians as males.
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 4. A schema (singular), as understood in schema theory, represents generic knowledge. A general category (schema) will include slots for all the components, or features, included in it.
    The concept of Schema was developed by Jean Piaget
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 5. Schemata (plural) are embedded one within another at different levels of abstraction. Relationships among them are conceived to be like webs (rather than hierarchical); thus each one is interconnected with many others.
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 6. Native American
    Movie Roles
    Religious Beliefs
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 7. Rich Murphy (c) 2009
    What is the schemata for college?
  • 8. Schemata allow us to engage in everyday interactions . They enable us to perceive the abstract world so that we can make logical assumptions about how individuals will respond to environmental cues
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 9. They also lead to over-generalizations, misrepresentations, and blatant racism
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 10. So, what influences my schemata?
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 11. OK, But who am I?
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 12. Identity
    an individual's comprehension of him or herself as a discrete, separate entity.
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 13. Social Scientific Perspective
    Our identity is formed in spurts over our lifetime, rather then being one smooth process
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 14. Interpretive Perspective
    Identities are negotiated, co-created, reinforced and challenged through communication with others.
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 15. Critical Perspective
    Identities are constrained and oppressed by social structures and institutions
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 16. So, what identities do we manage?
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 17. Who am I?
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 18. What happens when your identity does not match others’ schema?
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 19. What happens when you have conflicting identities?
    What happens when we have conflicting identities ?
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 20. Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 21. Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 22. Breaking the Schema
    We never get a second chance to make a first impression
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 23. Time
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 24. Appearance
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 25. Non-Verbals
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 26. Manners
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 27. Empathy
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 28. We all must manage our identities in all of our interactions…
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 29. …yet, we must avoid over-generalizations and dogmatic schemata that lead to racism, oppression, or incivility towards our fellow humans.
    Rich Murphy (c) 2009
  • 30. Rich Murphy (c) 2009