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PS 240 Anarchism Spring 2011
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PS 240 Anarchism Spring 2011

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PS 240 Anarchism Spring 2011 PS 240 Anarchism Spring 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • AnarchismDr. Christopher S. Rice
  • “I must tell you first of all what anarchismis not. It is not bombs, disorder, or chaos.It is not robbery or murder. It is not a warof each against all. It is not a return tobarbarism or to the wild state of man.Anarchism is the very opposite of all that.”– Alexander Berkman, American anarchist,1929
  • ?
  • Anarchism The philosophy of a new social order based on liberty unrestricted by man-made law; the theory that all forms ofgovernment rest on violence andare therefore wrong and harmful, as well as unnecessary.
  • Enragés
  • Order is the genus:Government is the species
  • anarchos
  • Anarchism is not as systematic anideology as liberalism or Marxism
  • LibertyEqualitySolidarity
  • LiberalismAnarchism Marxism
  • freedom and equality are complementary, not contradictory
  • Progress & History
  • Linear
  • Dialectic
  • Dualistic
  • HOPE, not certainty
  • A little of column A,A little of column B
  • The Individual and Society
  • The individual is the basic unit of society…
  • …but full humanity can onlybe achieved by membership in a community/ society.
  • Individual-in-Community
  • “Religion! How it dominates man’s mind, how ithumiliates and degrades his soul. God is everything,man is nothing, says religion. But out of thatnothing God has created a kingdom so despotic, sotyrannical, so cruel, so terribly exacting that naughtbut gloom and tears and blood have ruled the worldsince gods began. Anarchism rouses man torebellion against this black monster. Break yourmental fetters, says anarchism to man, for not untilyou think and judge for yourself will you get rid ofthe dominion of darkness, the greatest obstacle toall progress.” - Emma Goldman
  • ThePublic Goods Game
  • Human Nature
  • 2basic impulses
  • “Kill the social sense in man – andyou get a savage orangutan; killegoism in him and he will become atame monkey.”- Alexander Herzen
  • Self-interested impulse to subdue others for individual purposes
  • An impulse to help others (Mutual Aid)
  • Human Malleability
  • HOPE
  • Goals
  • Anarchism “seeks the completedevelopment of individualitycombined with the highestdevelopment of voluntaryassociation in all respects, in allpossible degrees for all imaginableends.”~Kropotkin
  • The highest level of individualfreedom possible for theindividual, the fulfillment of eachindividual’s full human potential,while at the same time developinghuman society to the highestdegree possible.
  • The Problem of The State
  • “Of all the things which interferewith the free activity of theindividual, which reduce libertyand compel us to act in waysdifferent from those we wouldchoose, the most powerful andpervasive is the state.” (Jennings)
  • The essential function of the stateis to maintain the existinginequalities in society…
  • The Problem ofPrivate Property
  • Godwin: each article of propertyought to belong to the individualwhose possession of it would yieldthe greatest good for the greatestnumber; thus, property should bedistributed according to claims ofneed.
  • “Property is Theft” (Proudhon)
  • “The only demand that propertyrecognizes is its own gluttonousappetite for greater wealth,because wealth means power; thepower to subdue, to crush, toexploit, the power to enslave, tooutrage, to degrade.”- Emma Goldman
  • The Problem ofDemocracy
  • “All voting is a sort of gaming, likecheckers, or backgammon, a playing withright and wrong; its obligation neverexceeds that of expediency. Even votingfor the right thing does nothing for it. Awise man will not leave the right to themercy of chance, nor wish it to prevailthrough the power of the majority.” - Henry David Thoreau
  • Decision-making by Consensus
  • The Problem ofConventional Institutions
  • 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation
  • 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation
  • 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation
  • 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation