Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Internet use for social control and participation; what are lain american countries doing
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Internet use for social control and participation; what are lain american countries doing

720

Published on

Article presented at

Article presented at

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
720
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.
    • Internet Use for Social Control and Participation
    • MSc. Ricardo Matheus
    • PhD. José Carlos Vaz
    • MSc. Manuella Maia Ribeiro
    • PhD. César Alexandre de Souza
    • What are Latin American Countries Doing?
  • 2. PURPOSE Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Study the relationship between information and communication technologies (ICTs) and local governance. Experiences of the use of Internet in Participatory Processes and Social Control
  • 3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: CITIZEN RIGHTS (VAZ, 2005) Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
    • Citizen Rights on the Web
    • Right to be Heard by the Government (R2HG)
    • People have the right of having direct channels for be heard.
      • Ombudsman
      • Online Forum and Public Consultation
    • Right to Social Control of the Government (R2CG)
    • People must have the power of accountability of their representatives.
      • Specifics Portals of Transparency
      • Online Assistance – Chats and Videos
      • Anti-corruption Monitoring Systems
      • Interactive Solutions (SMS)
    • Right to Participation in Public Management (R2PM)
    • People have the right of having channels of direct communication and deliberation.
      • Digital Participatory Budgeting (DPB)
      • Voting via Internet
  • 4. CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
    • Right to be Heard by the Government (R2HG)
    • Ventanilla Virtual, San Pedro, México
    • Chat com funcionários, Nuevo León, México
    • Chatea com tu funcionário, Hidalgo, México
    • Ombudsman of Salvador, Brasil
  • 5. CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
    • Right to Social Control of the Government (R2CG)
    • Denúncia Corrupción, Guadalajara, México
    • Denounces Online, Guyaquil, Equador
    • Investigation and Analyzes, Cartago, Costa Rica
    • Denuncia Corrupción, Xalapa, México
    • Baja California Portal of transparency, Baja California, México
    • Caçapava Portal of Transparency, Caçapava, Brasil
    • São Carlos Portal of Transparency, São Carlos, Brasil
    • Mérida Portal of Transparency, Mérida, México
    • Trujillo Portal of Transparency, Trujillo, Perú
    • City Hall Online, Peñalolén, Chile
    • Rio de Janeiro Portal of Transparency, Rio De Janeiro, Brasil
    • Elementary School Accountability, Paraná, Brasil
    • Accountability of Participatory Budget, Porto Alegre, Brasil
    • Informaciones via SMS, Morón, Argentina
  • 6. CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
    • Right to Participation in Public Management (R2PM)
    • Ipatinga Portal of Monitorig System of Participatory Budget, Ipatinga, Brasil
    • Porto Alegre Portal of Monitoring System of Participatory Budget, Recife, Brasil
    • Bellavista Digital Participatory Budget, Bellavista, Argentina
    • Belo Horizonte Digital Participatory Budget, Belo Horizonte, Brasil
    • Citizen Consulting, Coyhaique, Chile
    • Neighbornhood Participation, Miraflores, Peru
    • Citizen Forum, Cali, Colômbia
  • 7. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: CITIZEN RIGHTS (VAZ, 2005) Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
  • 8. METHODOLOGY Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
    • Structured search of sites in local in Latin American
    • Literature search on key concepts and discussion of the relationship between local governance and social control / citizen participation
    • Share experiences found in features;
      • Anti-Corruption Monitoring Systems;
      • Accountability and Specific Sites;
      • Digital Participatory Budgeting;
      • Interactive Solutions;
      • Ombudsman from Public Administration;
      • Online Assistance (Chats & Videos);
      • Online forum and public consultation;
      • Votaing via Internet
      • Transparency Portals;
    • Impacts of ICT usage in local social control/participatory processes.
  • 9. DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
      • Anti-Corruption Monitoring Systems
        • Denúncia Corrupción, Guadalajara, México
        • Denounces Online, Guyaquil, Equador
        • Investigation and Analyzes, Cartago, Costa Rica
        • Denuncia Corrupción, Xalapa, México
      • Accountability and Specific Sites;
        • City Hall Online, Peñalolén, Chile
        • Rio de Janeiro Portal of Transparency, Rio De Janeiro, Brasil
        • Elementary School Accountability, Paraná, Brasil
        • Accountability of Participatory Budget, Porto Alegre, Brasil
        • Informaciones via SMS, Morón, Argentina
      • Transparency Portals;
        • Baja California Portal of transparency, Baja California, México
        • Caçapava Portal of Transparency, Caçapava, Brasil
        • São Carlos Portal of Transparency, São Carlos, Brasil
        • Mérida Portal of Transparency, Mérida, México
        • Trujillo Portal of Transparency, Trujillo, Perú
  • 10. DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
      • Digital Participatory Budgeting;
        • Ipatinga Portal of Monitorig System of Participatory Budget, Ipatinga, Brasil
        • Porto Alegre Portal of Monitoring System of Participatory Budget, Recife, Brasil
        • Bellavista Digital Participatory Budget, Bellavista, Argentina
        • Belo Horizonte Digital Participatory Budget, Belo Horizonte, Brasil
      • Voting via Internet
        • Citizen Consulting, Coyhaique, Chile
        • Neighbornhood Participation, Miraflores, Peru
        • Citizen Forum, Cali, Colômbia
  • 11. DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
      • Interactive Solutions;
        • Ventanilla Virtual, San Pedro, México
        • Chat com funcionários, Nuevo León, México
        • Chatea com tu funcionário, Hidalgo, México
        • Informaciones via SMS, Morón, Argentina
      • Ombudsman from Public Administration
        • Ombudsman of Salvador, Brasil
  • 12. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Final Considerations
  • 13. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Several technological resources could be used more intensively
    • Interactions through:
      • Use of cell phones SMS
      • Use of Telephone
      • Location based services (LBS)
    • Social networking - how governments can use them?
      • E-Democracia (Brazil)
    • Web 2.0 has not led to participation and social control in Latin American sub-national governments ...
  • 14. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Right to Social Control of Government
    • Abundance of initiatives
    • Emerged as a prominent object of cases studied (context of 20 years fighting corruption and dictatorships)
      • Pressure for deeper institutional changes ( Mexico )
      • Movement is not on the international agenda!
    • Diversity of applications because:
      • Specifics law in Local/National Governments
      • Relative complexity of the features offered
    • They are still exceptions than rule! Information don´t have deep characteristics
    • Right is more a result of external forces more than a real government interest!
  • 15. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Right to be Heard by the Government
    • Limited use of interactivity resources, going little beyond common applications of communication by e-mail.
    • Difficulty in monitor government actions in response to:
      • Suggestion,
      • Complaint , or
      • Claim
    • Few resources for tracking of claims or transparency of the workflow internal to the government! Minimal transparency of internal processes
    • Those experiences appear a “Good Will” of this or that politician…
    • Currently Low degree of institutionalization means the past of pattern authoritarian governments in Latin America.
      • Openness such as a “ gift ” from the government, not as a right of citizens!
    • What is the effective level of these instruments of communication between governments and citizens
  • 16. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Right to Participation in Public Management
    • Uncommon experiences of use of ICT for participatory processes
    • The experiments studied are the possibility of technology usage. However, cannot be considered a sample of current practices and not surveyed.
    • Internet resources can help expand participatory decision-making processes!
      • Digital Participatory Budgeting
        • Attraction of new audiences (young, middle class)
        • Simulate new forms of mobilization
    • Scope of those experiences are still very limited
      • Insignificant amount of resources (1% of the total)
      • Decision Making in specific times (why not all processes?)
    • Experiences are more like rulers than a construction of rights strongly grounded in society.
  • 17. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Participative practices and social control over the Internet change the power relations?
    • Certainly not, if the participation and transparency are pro forma ... 
    • Who wins and who loses? 
      • Bureaucracy 
      • Political
      • Militants of participation (counselors of traditional Participatory Budgeting) 
    • The problem is not technological, is a political problem!
    Technology can not be considered disconnected from the social and political processes in which it operates!!!
  • 18.
    • Thank you!
    • 谢谢
    • ICEGOV2010 Conference Committee
    • Ricardo Matheus
    • University of São Paulo (USP) - Brazil
    • [email_address]

×