<ul><li>Internet Use for Social Control and Participation </li></ul><ul><li>MSc. Ricardo Matheus </li></ul><ul><li>PhD. Jo...
PURPOSE Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 1...
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: CITIZEN RIGHTS (VAZ, 2005) Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Model...
CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Be...
CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Be...
CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Be...
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: CITIZEN RIGHTS (VAZ, 2005) Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Model...
METHODOLOGY Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, Chin...
DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, Ch...
DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, Ch...
DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, Ch...
FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beij...
LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Bei...
FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beij...
FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beij...
FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Beij...
LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America:  Models for Citizen Engagement Bei...
<ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>谢谢 </li></ul><ul><li>ICEGOV2010 Conference Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Ricardo Matheu...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Internet use for social control and participation; what are lain american countries doing

737

Published on

Article presented at

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
737
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Internet use for social control and participation; what are lain american countries doing

  1. 1. <ul><li>Internet Use for Social Control and Participation </li></ul><ul><li>MSc. Ricardo Matheus </li></ul><ul><li>PhD. José Carlos Vaz </li></ul><ul><li>MSc. Manuella Maia Ribeiro </li></ul><ul><li>PhD. César Alexandre de Souza </li></ul><ul><li>What are Latin American Countries Doing? </li></ul>
  2. 2. PURPOSE Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Study the relationship between information and communication technologies (ICTs) and local governance. Experiences of the use of Internet in Participatory Processes and Social Control
  3. 3. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: CITIZEN RIGHTS (VAZ, 2005) Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><li>Citizen Rights on the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Right to be Heard by the Government (R2HG) </li></ul><ul><li>People have the right of having direct channels for be heard. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ombudsman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Forum and Public Consultation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Right to Social Control of the Government (R2CG) </li></ul><ul><li>People must have the power of accountability of their representatives. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifics Portals of Transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Assistance – Chats and Videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-corruption Monitoring Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Solutions (SMS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Right to Participation in Public Management (R2PM) </li></ul><ul><li>People have the right of having channels of direct communication and deliberation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Participatory Budgeting (DPB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting via Internet </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><li>Right to be Heard by the Government (R2HG) </li></ul><ul><li>Ventanilla Virtual, San Pedro, México </li></ul><ul><li>Chat com funcionários, Nuevo León, México </li></ul><ul><li>Chatea com tu funcionário, Hidalgo, México </li></ul><ul><li>Ombudsman of Salvador, Brasil </li></ul>
  5. 5. CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><li>Right to Social Control of the Government (R2CG) </li></ul><ul><li>Denúncia Corrupción, Guadalajara, México </li></ul><ul><li>Denounces Online, Guyaquil, Equador </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation and Analyzes, Cartago, Costa Rica </li></ul><ul><li>Denuncia Corrupción, Xalapa, México </li></ul><ul><li>Baja California Portal of transparency, Baja California, México </li></ul><ul><li>Caçapava Portal of Transparency, Caçapava, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>São Carlos Portal of Transparency, São Carlos, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>Mérida Portal of Transparency, Mérida, México </li></ul><ul><li>Trujillo Portal of Transparency, Trujillo, Perú </li></ul><ul><li>City Hall Online, Peñalolén, Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Rio de Janeiro Portal of Transparency, Rio De Janeiro, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary School Accountability, Paraná, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability of Participatory Budget, Porto Alegre, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>Informaciones via SMS, Morón, Argentina </li></ul>
  6. 6. CASES SHARED BY RIGHTS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><li>Right to Participation in Public Management (R2PM) </li></ul><ul><li>Ipatinga Portal of Monitorig System of Participatory Budget, Ipatinga, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>Porto Alegre Portal of Monitoring System of Participatory Budget, Recife, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>Bellavista Digital Participatory Budget, Bellavista, Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>Belo Horizonte Digital Participatory Budget, Belo Horizonte, Brasil </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen Consulting, Coyhaique, Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbornhood Participation, Miraflores, Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen Forum, Cali, Colômbia </li></ul>
  7. 7. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: CITIZEN RIGHTS (VAZ, 2005) Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
  8. 8. METHODOLOGY Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><li>Structured search of sites in local in Latin American </li></ul><ul><li>Literature search on key concepts and discussion of the relationship between local governance and social control / citizen participation </li></ul><ul><li>Share experiences found in features; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Corruption Monitoring Systems; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability and Specific Sites; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Participatory Budgeting; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Solutions; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ombudsman from Public Administration; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Assistance (Chats & Videos); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online forum and public consultation; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Votaing via Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency Portals; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impacts of ICT usage in local social control/participatory processes. </li></ul>
  9. 9. DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><ul><li>Anti-Corruption Monitoring Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Denúncia Corrupción, Guadalajara, México </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Denounces Online, Guyaquil, Equador </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigation and Analyzes, Cartago, Costa Rica </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Denuncia Corrupción, Xalapa, México </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability and Specific Sites; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City Hall Online, Peñalolén, Chile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rio de Janeiro Portal of Transparency, Rio De Janeiro, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elementary School Accountability, Paraná, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability of Participatory Budget, Porto Alegre, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informaciones via SMS, Morón, Argentina </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency Portals; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Baja California Portal of transparency, Baja California, México </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caçapava Portal of Transparency, Caçapava, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>São Carlos Portal of Transparency, São Carlos, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mérida Portal of Transparency, Mérida, México </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trujillo Portal of Transparency, Trujillo, Perú </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><ul><li>Digital Participatory Budgeting; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ipatinga Portal of Monitorig System of Participatory Budget, Ipatinga, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Porto Alegre Portal of Monitoring System of Participatory Budget, Recife, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bellavista Digital Participatory Budget, Bellavista, Argentina </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Belo Horizonte Digital Participatory Budget, Belo Horizonte, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voting via Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen Consulting, Coyhaique, Chile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbornhood Participation, Miraflores, Peru </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen Forum, Cali, Colômbia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. DATA ANALYSES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><ul><li>Interactive Solutions; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ventanilla Virtual, San Pedro, México </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chat com funcionários, Nuevo León, México </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chatea com tu funcionário, Hidalgo, México </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informaciones via SMS, Morón, Argentina </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ombudsman from Public Administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ombudsman of Salvador, Brasil </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Final Considerations
  13. 13. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Several technological resources could be used more intensively <ul><li>Interactions through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of cell phones SMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of Telephone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location based services (LBS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social networking - how governments can use them? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Democracia (Brazil) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 has not led to participation and social control in Latin American sub-national governments ... </li></ul>
  14. 14. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Right to Social Control of Government <ul><li>Abundance of initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Emerged as a prominent object of cases studied (context of 20 years fighting corruption and dictatorships) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure for deeper institutional changes ( Mexico ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Movement is not on the international agenda! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diversity of applications because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifics law in Local/National Governments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative complexity of the features offered </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They are still exceptions than rule! Information don´t have deep characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Right is more a result of external forces more than a real government interest! </li></ul>
  15. 15. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Right to be Heard by the Government <ul><li>Limited use of interactivity resources, going little beyond common applications of communication by e-mail. </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in monitor government actions in response to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggestion, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complaint , or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claim </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Few resources for tracking of claims or transparency of the workflow internal to the government! Minimal transparency of internal processes </li></ul><ul><li>Those experiences appear a “Good Will” of this or that politician… </li></ul><ul><li>Currently Low degree of institutionalization means the past of pattern authoritarian governments in Latin America. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness such as a “ gift ” from the government, not as a right of citizens! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the effective level of these instruments of communication between governments and citizens </li></ul>
  16. 16. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Right to Participation in Public Management <ul><li>Uncommon experiences of use of ICT for participatory processes </li></ul><ul><li>The experiments studied are the possibility of technology usage. However, cannot be considered a sample of current practices and not surveyed. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet resources can help expand participatory decision-making processes! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Participatory Budgeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attraction of new audiences (young, middle class) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simulate new forms of mobilization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Scope of those experiences are still very limited </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insignificant amount of resources (1% of the total) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision Making in specific times (why not all processes?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experiences are more like rulers than a construction of rights strongly grounded in society. </li></ul>
  17. 17. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Participative practices and social control over the Internet change the power relations? <ul><li>Certainly not, if the participation and transparency are pro forma ...  </li></ul><ul><li>Who wins and who loses?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Militants of participation (counselors of traditional Participatory Budgeting)  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The problem is not technological, is a political problem! </li></ul>Technology can not be considered disconnected from the social and political processes in which it operates!!!
  18. 18. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>谢谢 </li></ul><ul><li>ICEGOV2010 Conference Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Ricardo Matheus </li></ul><ul><li>University of São Paulo (USP) - Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×