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Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America
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Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America

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Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America, presented in Beijing, China, during the IV ICEGOV - International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, 2010.

Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America, presented in Beijing, China, during the IV ICEGOV - International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance, 2010.

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  • 1. <ul><li>Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>MSc. Ricardo Matheus </li></ul><ul><li>PhD. José Carlos Vaz </li></ul><ul><li>MSc. Manuella Maia Ribeiro </li></ul><ul><li>PhD. César Alexandre de Souza </li></ul><ul><li>Models for Citizen Engagement </li></ul>
  • 2. PURPOSE Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Study the relationship between information and communication technologies (ICTs) and local governance. Experiences of the use of Internet in participatory processes
  • 3. METHODOLOGY Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 The literature search on the key concepts, discussion of the relationship between local governance and citizen participation, and its impacts of ICT usage in local participatory processes. Experiences are under a project carried out by International Network Logolink called &quot;ELECTRONIC LOCAL GOVERNANCE: LATIN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES&quot; and coordinated by the Office Pólis, Logolink, and University of São Paulo - Brazil.
  • 4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: CITIZEN RIGHTS (VAZ, 2005) Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Right to information of particular interest Information should be transparent and for all who can be interested. Right to public service s People have the right to public service on the web. Right to own time People have the right to own time! &quot;time spent by citizens on travel arrangements and to use public services, applications of information technology can expand access to the right to enjoy yourself with free time . Right to social Control People must have the power of accountability of their representatives. Right to be heard People have the right of having channels of direct communication and deliberation. This research considers the use of the Internet in the DPB is a way of promoting the right to participation in public management.
  • 5. CONCEPTS OF PB & DPB Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Participatory Budget (PB) Face-to-face experience of citizens direct participation setting up priorities of public investment. Digital Participatory Budget (DPB) Using the ICT in the Participatory Budget.
  • 6. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN LATIN AMERICA Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 <ul><li>Porto Alegre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State of Rio Grande do Sul – South Region – Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ipatinga </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State of Minas Gerais – Southeast Region – Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Belo Horizonte </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State of Minas Gerais – Southeast Region – Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recife </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State of Pernambuco – Northeast Region – Brazil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bella Vista </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State of Corrientes – North Region – Argentina </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Miraflores </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District of Lima – Central Region – Perú </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. MAP OF THE CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN LATIN AMERICA Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010
  • 8. BRAZILIAN CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Brazilian Cases
  • 9. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN BRAZIL Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Monitoring of Participatory Budget Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, South Region - Brazil <ul><li>When it started? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience started in 1989. The use of internet to monitoring the PB, since1995. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is monitoring of PB? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipality use Internet as a tool to provide information for citizens on the implementation and progress of works and services performed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the implication of PB monitoring? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Control over its implementation and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency for all the data and municipality actions. </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN BRAZIL Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 DPB with Collection Demands on the internet Ipatinga, State of Minas Gerais, Southeast Region - Brazil <ul><li>Experience started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since 2001 it was incorporated as an indication of PB demands on the Internet. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is collection demand? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People registered on the site can indicate priorities for the PB . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who can indicate priorities? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens with residence in Ipatinga and over 16 years old. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Who does not have internet access? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers were available in public places the city and supported by local authority staff. </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN BRAZIL Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Online voting Recife, State of Pernambuco, Northeast Region - Brazil <ul><li>Experience started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience started in 2007 you can vote by Internet for the traditional PB (face PB). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How it works? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet is part of traditional PB, which is held annually and allows voting in the 10 works have focused on micro-regions of the municipality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen who vote on internet could not vote on face-to-face phase, however could participate of the face-to-face processes and forums. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the implication? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving different kind of participation, such as young people , medium class (historically out of the face-to-face process) </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN BRAZIL Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Online voting Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Southeast Region - Brazil <ul><li>Experience started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience started in 2006, using the internet to vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How it works? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The online process is separated from the traditional PB (face PB). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 million dollars are separated to people deciding what is better for them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To vote, citizen over 18 y.o. should have residence and fiscal/civil identification. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2007, citizens could choose one of 180 shares voted in the 18 micro-regions, taking the opportunity to change the order of priorities. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the implication? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2006, almost 23 thousand people ( 22,856 people) voted by Internet, around 25% of participants in PB. (Municipality has 2,452,617 inhabitants) </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN ARGENTINA Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Argentinian Cases
  • 14. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN ARGENTINA Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Online voting Bella Vista, State of Corrientes, North Region - Argentina <ul><li>Experience started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience of PB started in 2006. The DPB started in 2007. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How it works? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The online process is a part of the traditional PB (face PB). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$100 million of argentinian pesos were invested. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2007, citizens could choose 9 works in all the city. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To vote, citizen over 14 y.o. should have residence and civil identification. Registration on internet should be made. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the implication? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving different kind of participation, such as young people over 14 years old and medium class. </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN PERÚ Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Peruvian Case
  • 16. CASES OF DIGITAL PARTICIPATORY BUDGET IN PERÚ Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Online voting Miraflores, Slima Districtt, Central Region - Perú <ul><li>Experience started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience of PB started in 2006. The DPB started in 2007. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How it works? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The online process is a part of the traditional PB (face PB). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$ 30 million peruvian soles were invested in DPB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To vote, citizen over 14 y.o. should have residence and fiscal/civil identification. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is the implication? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving different kind of participation, such as young people over 14 years old and medium class. </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Limits and Challenges
  • 18. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Internet can enhance citizen participation? <ul><li>E-Participatory Budgeting can enlarge number of participants New public (young, middle class). </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulates new forms of mobilization. </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance of Presencial Participatory Budgeting participants: Do not create public spaces of negotiation and political discussion. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual participation or collective? </li></ul>
  • 19. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Several technological resources could be used more intensively <ul><li>Interactions through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of cell phones SMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of Telephone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location based services (LBS) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social networking - how governments can use them? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Democracia (Brazil) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 has not led to participation and social control in Latin American sub-national governments ... </li></ul>
  • 20. LIMITS AND CHALLENGES Case Studies of Digital Participatory Budgeting in Latin America: Models for Citizen Engagement Beijing, China, 10-2010 Participative practices and social control over the Internet change the power relations? <ul><li>Certainly not, if the participation and transparency are pro forma...  </li></ul><ul><li>Who wins and who loses?  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Militants of participation (counselors of traditional Participatory Budgeting)  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The problem is not technological, is a political problem! </li></ul>Technology can not be considered disconnected from the social and political processes in which it operates!!!
  • 21. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>谢谢 </li></ul><ul><li>ICEGOV2010 Conference Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Ricardo Matheus </li></ul><ul><li>University of São Paulo (USP) - Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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