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The free software history and communities’ journey ahead
 

The free software history and communities’ journey ahead

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"The reason why open source happened, the reason it started, was because the people who make software are artists and craftsmen. They are not just mindless drones, that show up every day and put in ...

"The reason why open source happened, the reason it started, was because the people who make software are artists and craftsmen. They are not just mindless drones, that show up every day and put in their hours. They spend their evenings, their weekends, unbelievable amounts of time crafting this software. And they wanna see it used by the most people, and they wanna see it used for the best purposes, typically, and they didn’t see that happening in the proprietary software world, not any of the proprietary software companies. And so they decided – because they could – to write their own world!"
Danese Cooper

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    The free software history and communities’ journey ahead The free software history and communities’ journey ahead Presentation Transcript

    • The Free Software History and Communities’ journey ahead What we can learn and expect from freedom @ricardoamaro
    • About me Free/Opensource software lover Senior Cloud Engineer @Acquia Drupal.org infrastructure/devops Drupalist & Linux enthusiast Father, artist, community facilitator @ricardoamaro
    • today’s agenda 1. Free Software History (Software Livre) 2. The GPL License 3. GNU/Linux 4. Freedom Challenges 5. Why Free Software? 6. Trust your computer 7. Choose your future
    • History • In the 1950’s, 1960’s, and 1970’s, it was normal for computer users to have the freedoms that are provided by free software. Software was commonly shared by individuals who used computers and by hardware manufacturers who were glad that people were making software that made their hardware useful.
    • what is going on? rights
    • History • While some software might have always remained free, there was a growing amount of software that was for sale only. In the 1970’s and early 1980’s, the software industry began using technical measures (such as only distributing binary copies of computer programs) to prevent computer users from being able to study and modify software. In 1980 copyright law was extended to computer programs and in 1981 the first Software patent was issued in the US.
    • what is going on? rights
    • Evolution • In 1983, Richard Stallman, longtime member of the hacker community at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory announced the GNU Project, saying that he had become frustrated with the effects of the change in culture of the computer industry and its users. Software development for the GNU Operating System began in January 1984, and the Free Software Foundation (FSF) was founded in October 1985. He developed a free software definition and the concept of "copyleft", designed to ensure software freedom for all.
    • what is going on?
    • rights
    • What is Free Software? The first formal definition of free software was published by FSF in February 1986. That definition, written by Richard Stallman, is still maintained today and states that software is free software if people who receive a copy of the software have the following four freedoms:
    • What is Free Software? 0 (use) The freedom to run the program for any purpose. 1 (study) The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to make it do what you wish. 2 (copy & share) The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor. 3 (modify & distribute) The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements (and modified versions in general) to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
    • It’s called GPL : General Public License The majority of Free and OpenSource Software uses it.
    • what is going on?
    • … Gnu/Linux Linux Distro History
    • 1993
    • 1995
    • 1998
    • what is going on?
    • what is going on?
    • Free and Opensource Software for everything you can imagine in life ● Antivirus Software ● Games ● PDF Software ● Application Servers ● GIS Software ● Personal information managers ● Astronomy Software ● 2D Graphics Software ● Project Management Software ● Audio Software ● 3D Graphics Software ● Revision Control software ● Backup Software ● Groupware ● Science Software ● BitTorrent Clients ● HTML Editors ● Search Engine Software ● Business Software ● Image Galleries ● Special Purpose File Systems ● CD Writing Software ● Instant Messengers ● Spreadsheets ● Compilers and Interpreters ● Internet Forum Software ● System software ● Computer-aided Design Software ● IRC Clients ● Television Software ● Content Management Systems ● Learning Support Software ● TeX Software ● Data Compression Software ● Mathematics Software ● Text Editors ● Database Management Systems ● Media Players ● Usenet Clients ● Desktop Environments ● Multimedia codecs, Containers, and Splitters ● Video Software ● Development Toolkits and Libraries ● Network management software ● VoIP software ● Educational Software ● Note-taking Software ● Web Browsers ● Email Software ● Office Suites ● Window Managers ● File Managers ● Operating Systems ● Windowing Systems ● File Transfer Software ● Word Processors
    • But this freedom is not only on Software... It extends to knowledge, culture and especially human rights!
    • what is going on?
    • Freedom Challenges 1 - Social Networks and your privacy 2 - Your computer should trust you 3 - Free Software = freedom of choice, speech, association & expression
    • Social Networks Have you ever thought about your privacy? Facebook, Google+ and others admittedly archive and use your data for their own benefit and for governments control. Ps. It’s not only for advertisements anymore…
    • Facebook’s example From: https://www.facebook.com/full_data_use_policy We may enable access to public information that has been shared through our services. We may allow service providers to access information so they can help us provide services.(...) We may access, preserve and share your information in response to a legal request (...) This may include responding to legal requests from jurisdictions outside of the United States (...) We may also access, preserve and share information (...) to protect ourselves, you and others, including as part of investigations; Information we receive about you, including financial transaction data related to purchases made with Facebook, may be accessed, processed and retained for an extended period of time(...)
    • “free” hosted services If you’re not paying for a product and they still earn money, then you probably are the product.
    • ...and you are cool with that? fine :) But there are options!
    • Own your data rights (if you care) Solutions: Diaspora, Friendica, FreeNet https://gitorious.org/social/pages/ProjectComparison
    • …or just socialize for real
    • Your computer should trust you and you should trust your computer
    • Free has in Freedom A backdoor to the NSA, called “Trusted Computing” developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group, founded a decade ago by the all-American tech companies AMD, Cisco, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, and Wave Systems. Its core element is a chip, the Trusted Platform Module (TPM), and an operating system designed for it, such as Windows 8.
    • Trusted computing
    • Does your computer trust you? TPM 2.0 is a malicious feature or a “backdoor” http://investmentwatchblog.com/leaked-germangovernment-warns-key-entities-not-to-use-windows8-links-the-nsa/
    • DRM Apple and other vendors apply “Digital Restrictions Management” or “digital handcuffs” on their Software. These are technical mechanisms designed to impose restrictions on computer users. Mainly regarding access to content and data that you should have the right to control.
    • The solution is Free Software My Gnu/Linux Desktop
    • Own your Computer! http://distrowatch.com/
    • Because corporations profit justifies any means... “Don’t declare victory and ignore the danger.” Richard Stallman
    • but… but… but... Change is much easier than you think! :) Communities like Drupal, Linux, DevOps, Libreoffice are building their own tools for that… Why?!
    • Artists and craftsmen “The reason why open source happened, the reason it started, was because the people who make software are artists and craftsmen. They are not just mindless drones, that show up every day and put in their hours. They spend their evenings, their weekends, unbelievable amounts of time crafting this software. And they wanna see it used by the most people, and they wanna see it used for the best purposes, typically, and they didn’t see that happening in the proprietary software world, not any of the proprietary software companies. And so they decided – because they could – to write their own world!” Danese Cooper - Drupal Association Board Member http://www.transformingfreedom.org/hyperaudio/software-monopolies-and-open-source
    • “And so they decided – because they could – to write their own world!” Danese Cooper - Drupal Association Board Member http://www.transformingfreedom.org/hyperaudio/software-monopolies-and-open-source